skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Microwave assisted synthesis of sheet-like Cu/BiVO{sub 4} and its activities of various photocatalytic conditions

Abstract

The Cu/BiVO{sub 4} photocatalyst with visible-light responsivity was prepared by the microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The phase structures, chemical composition and surface physicochemical properties were well-characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV–vis diffuse reflectance absorption (UV–vis/DRS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption tests. Results indicate that the crystal structure of synthetic composite materials is mainly monoclinic scheelite BiVO{sub 4}, which is not changed with the increasing doping amount of Cu. In addition, the presence of Cu not only enlarges the range of the composite materials under the visible-light response, but also increases the BET value significantly. Compared to pure BiVO{sub 4}, 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 performs the highest photocatalytic activity to degrade methylene blue under the irradiation of ultraviolet, visible and simulated sunlight. In addition, the capture experiments prove that the main active species was superoxide radicals during photocatalytic reaction. Moreover, the 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 composite shows good photocatalytic stability after three times of recycling. - Graphical abstract: A series of BiVO{sub 4} with different amounts of Cu doping were prepared by the microwave-assisted method, moreover, which performed the high photocatalytic activities to degrade methylene blue under multi-mode. - Highlights: • A series of Cu/BiVO{sub 4} withmore » different amounts of Cu doping were prepared by microwave-assisted synthesis. • The morphologies of as-samples were different with the amount of Cu doping increased. • Compared with pure BiVO{sub 4}, as-Cu/BiVO{sub 4} showed stronger absorption in the visible light region obviously. • 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 performed the high photocatalytic activities to degrade methylene blue under multi-mode. • OH{sup •} and h{sup +} both play important roles in the photocatalytic reaction.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2]; ;  [3]
  1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22486759
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 229; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ADSORPTION; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; COPPER; DESORPTION; HYDROGEN IONS 1 PLUS; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; HYDROXIDES; IRRADIATION; METHYLENE BLUE; MICROWAVE RADIATION; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; PHOTOCATALYSIS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; VANADATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Chen, Xi, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Li, Li, E-mail: qqhrll@163.com, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, College of Heilongjang Province Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Yi, Tingting, Zhang, WenZhi, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Zhang, Xiuli, and Wang, Lili. Microwave assisted synthesis of sheet-like Cu/BiVO{sub 4} and its activities of various photocatalytic conditions. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.05.026.
Chen, Xi, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Li, Li, E-mail: qqhrll@163.com, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, College of Heilongjang Province Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Yi, Tingting, Zhang, WenZhi, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Zhang, Xiuli, & Wang, Lili. Microwave assisted synthesis of sheet-like Cu/BiVO{sub 4} and its activities of various photocatalytic conditions. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.05.026.
Chen, Xi, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Li, Li, E-mail: qqhrll@163.com, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, College of Heilongjang Province Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Yi, Tingting, Zhang, WenZhi, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, Zhang, Xiuli, and Wang, Lili. Tue . "Microwave assisted synthesis of sheet-like Cu/BiVO{sub 4} and its activities of various photocatalytic conditions". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.05.026.
@article{osti_22486759,
title = {Microwave assisted synthesis of sheet-like Cu/BiVO{sub 4} and its activities of various photocatalytic conditions},
author = {Chen, Xi and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 and Li, Li, E-mail: qqhrll@163.com and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 and College of Heilongjang Province Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 and Yi, Tingting and Zhang, WenZhi and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 and Zhang, Xiuli and Wang, Lili},
abstractNote = {The Cu/BiVO{sub 4} photocatalyst with visible-light responsivity was prepared by the microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The phase structures, chemical composition and surface physicochemical properties were well-characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV–vis diffuse reflectance absorption (UV–vis/DRS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption tests. Results indicate that the crystal structure of synthetic composite materials is mainly monoclinic scheelite BiVO{sub 4}, which is not changed with the increasing doping amount of Cu. In addition, the presence of Cu not only enlarges the range of the composite materials under the visible-light response, but also increases the BET value significantly. Compared to pure BiVO{sub 4}, 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 performs the highest photocatalytic activity to degrade methylene blue under the irradiation of ultraviolet, visible and simulated sunlight. In addition, the capture experiments prove that the main active species was superoxide radicals during photocatalytic reaction. Moreover, the 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 composite shows good photocatalytic stability after three times of recycling. - Graphical abstract: A series of BiVO{sub 4} with different amounts of Cu doping were prepared by the microwave-assisted method, moreover, which performed the high photocatalytic activities to degrade methylene blue under multi-mode. - Highlights: • A series of Cu/BiVO{sub 4} with different amounts of Cu doping were prepared by microwave-assisted synthesis. • The morphologies of as-samples were different with the amount of Cu doping increased. • Compared with pure BiVO{sub 4}, as-Cu/BiVO{sub 4} showed stronger absorption in the visible light region obviously. • 1% Cu/BiVO{sub 4}-160 performed the high photocatalytic activities to degrade methylene blue under multi-mode. • OH{sup •} and h{sup +} both play important roles in the photocatalytic reaction.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2015.05.026},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 229,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Sep 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Tue Sep 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}
  • Marigold-like ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} microspheres were synthesized by a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method with the temperature ranging from 80 to 195 Degree-Sign C. X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, nitrogen sorption analysis, UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the products. It was found that the crystallographic structure and optical property of the products synthesized at different temperatures were almost the same. The degradation of methyl orange (MO) under the visible light irradiation has been used as a probe reaction to investigate the photocatalytic activity of as-prepared ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4}, which shows that the ZnIn{sub 2}S{submore » 4} sample synthesized at 195 Degree-Sign C shows the best photocatalytic activity for MO degradation. In addition, the photocatalytic activities of all the samples prepared by the microwave-assisted hydrothermal method are better than those prepared by a normal hydrothermal method, which could be attributed to the formation of more defect sites during the microwave-assisted hydrothermal treatment. - Graphical abstract: Marigold-like ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} microspheres were synthesized by a fast microwave-assisted hydrothermal method at 80-195 Degree-Sign C with a very short reaction time of 10 min. The as-prepared ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} sample can be used as visible light photocatalyst for degradation of organic dyes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} microspheres were synthesized by microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystal structure and optical property of the products were almost the same. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Increment of the temperature renders high surface area due to the bubbling effect. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} synthesized at 195 Degree-Sign C shows the best visible catalytic activity for MO.« less
  • The controllable synthesis of novel dumbbell-like BiVO{sub 4} hierarchical nanostructures has been successfully obtained via a simple hydrothermal route. The as-synthesized products were studied by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. The results showed that the nucleation and growth of the nanodumbbells were governed by an oriented aggregation growth mechanism. It is noteworthy that the concentration of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) and the volume ratio of H{sub 2}O to CH{sub 3}COOH were crucial to the growth of the final nanoarchitectures. Control experiments were also carried out to investigate the factors which impact on the morphologymore » of the products. Furthermore, the as-prepared BiVO{sub 4} hierarchical nanostructures demonstrated the superior visible-light-driven photocatalytic efficiency, which is helpful for the separation and recycle considering their promising applications in harmful pollutants disposal. - Graphical Abstract: The controllable synthesis of novel dumbbell-like BiVO{sub 4} hierarchical nanostructures has been successfully obtained via a simple hydrothermal route; the as-prepared BiVO{sub 4} hierarchical nanostructures demonstrated the superior visible-light-driven photocatalytic efficiency. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dumbbell-like BiVO{sub 4} structures were synthesized and characterized for the first time. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The volume ratios of H{sub 2}O to CH{sub 3}COOH were crucial to the final morphologies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Their photocatalytic activity was up to 90% under visible-light irradiation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dumbbell-like BiVO{sub 4} structures may utilize the pollutant disposal.« less
  • In this work, monoclinic scheelite-type BiVO{sub 4} nanoparticle with large surface area has been successfully synthesized, using Bi(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} and NH{sub 4}VO{sub 3} as raw materials, through a hydrothermal process in the presence of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA). It is demonstrated that the nanoparticle size of as-prepared BiVO{sub 4} becomes small by decreasing hydrothermal temperature, shortening hydrothermal reaction time and increasing EDTA amount used. The resulting BiVO{sub 4} nanoparticle with large surface area exhibits a good photocatalytic performance for degrading phenol solution as a model organic pollutant under visible illumination. The key of this method is the chelatingmore » role of EDTA group in the synthetic process that it can greatly control the concentration of Bi{sup 3+}, leading to the growth inhibition of BiVO{sub 4} crystallite. The work provides a route for the synthesis of Bi-containing nano-sized composite oxides with large surface area. - Graphical abstract: High visible active nano-sized BiVO{sub 4} photocatalyst with large surface area is successfully synthesized, which is attributed to the chelating role of EDTA group inhibiting the growth of BiVO{sub 4} crystallites. Highlights: > Monoclinic scheelite-type BiVO{sub 4} nanoparticle with large surface area has been synthesized by a hydrothermal process. > Key of this method is the chelating role of EDTA group inhibiting the growth of BiVO{sub 4} crystallites. > Resulting nano-sized BiVO{sub 4} exhibits a good photocatalytic activity for degrading phenol under visible illumination.« less
  • Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composites were successfully prepared by the hydrothermal method. • BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composites exhibited broad absorption in the visible region. • Visible-light photocatalytic activities of BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composites were enhanced. • P/V molar ratio and pH value of the reaction affect photocatalytic activity. • The mechanism of enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activities was discussed. - Abstract: BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composites with different P/V molar ratios were prepared by the hydrothermal method and the effect of pH values of hydrothermal reaction on photocatalytic activity of BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composite was investigated. The photocatalystsmore » were characterized by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The photocatalytic property of BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} was evaluated by photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue under visible light irradiation. The results showed that the photocatalytic activity of the composites was much higher than that of pure BiPO{sub 4} and BiVO{sub 4}. The rate constant of Methylene blue degradation over BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} (P/V molar ratio of 5:1 and hydrothermal reaction pH value of 1.5) is 1.7 times that of pure BiVO{sub 4}. The photocatalytic activity enhancement of BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composite is closely related to the BiVO{sub 4} functioning as a sensitizer to adsorb visible light and the heterojunction of BiPO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} acting as an active center for hindering the rapid recombination of electron–hole pairs during the photocatalytic reaction.« less
  • Highlights: • Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composites were synthesized by in-situ precipitation method. • Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} is more efficient than pure Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} and BiVO{sub 4} for RhB and 2, 4-DCP degradation. • Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} can act as a high performance and low cost photocatalyst. - Abstract: Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composites were fabricated by in-situ precipitation method. Results showed that Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composites exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than that of pure BiVO{sub 4} and Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} sample under visible light irradiation. The effect of Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}:BiVO{sub 4} ratio on themore » photocatalytic activity was systemically studied and the optimum molar ratio of Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}:BiVO{sub 4} was 1:5. The Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4}-5 exhibited excellent photocatalytic activity for the degradation of Rhodamine B (ca. 92% in 30 min) and 2, 4-dichlorophenol (ca. 84% in 180 min) under visible light irradiation. The enhanced photocatalytic activity could be mainly ascribed to the suitable Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} heterojunction interface and the smaller particles of Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} compared to pure Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4} particles which could promote the separation of photoinduced electron-hole pairs. The Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composite can significantly reduce the silver consumption compared to the pure Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}. It is worth noting that Ag{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/BiVO{sub 4} composite can act as a high performance and low cost visible-light-driven photocatalyst for environmental remediation.« less