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Title: Controlling the growth of epitaxial graphene on metalized diamond (111) surface

Abstract

The 2-dimensional transformation of the diamond (111) surface to graphene has been demonstrated using ultrathin Fe films that catalytically reduce the reaction temperature needed for the conversion of sp{sup 3} to sp{sup 2} carbon. An epitaxial system is formed, which involves the re-crystallization of carbon at the Fe/vacuum interface and that enables the controlled growth of monolayer and multilayer graphene films. In order to study the initial stages of single and multilayer graphene growth, real time monitoring of the system was preformed within a photoemission and low energy electron microscope. It was found that the initial graphene growth occurred at temperatures as low as 500 °C, whilst increasing the temperature to 560 °C was required to produce multi-layer graphene of high structural quality. Angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy was used to study the electronic properties of the grown material, where a graphene-like energy momentum dispersion was observed. The Dirac point for the first layer is located at 2.5 eV below the Fermi level, indicating an n-type doping of the graphene due to substrate interactions, while that of the second graphene layer lies close to the Fermi level.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]; ;  [3];  [4]
  1. Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Høgskoleringen 5, 7491 Trondheim (Norway)
  2. Department of Physics, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth SY23 3BZ (United Kingdom)
  3. MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, 221 00 Lund (Sweden)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy and Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Aarhus University, Aarhus DK-8000 (Denmark)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22485987
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DIAMONDS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPES; EPITAXY; FERMI LEVEL; GRAPHENE; LAYERS; PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; PHOTOEMISSION

Citation Formats

Cooil, S. P., E-mail: simon.cooil@ntnu.no, Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Wells, J. W., Hu, D., Evans, D. A., Niu, Y. R., Zakharov, A. A., and Bianchi, M. Controlling the growth of epitaxial graphene on metalized diamond (111) surface. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4935073.
Cooil, S. P., E-mail: simon.cooil@ntnu.no, Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Wells, J. W., Hu, D., Evans, D. A., Niu, Y. R., Zakharov, A. A., & Bianchi, M. Controlling the growth of epitaxial graphene on metalized diamond (111) surface. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4935073.
Cooil, S. P., E-mail: simon.cooil@ntnu.no, Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Wells, J. W., Hu, D., Evans, D. A., Niu, Y. R., Zakharov, A. A., and Bianchi, M. Mon . "Controlling the growth of epitaxial graphene on metalized diamond (111) surface". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4935073.
@article{osti_22485987,
title = {Controlling the growth of epitaxial graphene on metalized diamond (111) surface},
author = {Cooil, S. P., E-mail: simon.cooil@ntnu.no and Department of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology and Wells, J. W. and Hu, D. and Evans, D. A. and Niu, Y. R. and Zakharov, A. A. and Bianchi, M.},
abstractNote = {The 2-dimensional transformation of the diamond (111) surface to graphene has been demonstrated using ultrathin Fe films that catalytically reduce the reaction temperature needed for the conversion of sp{sup 3} to sp{sup 2} carbon. An epitaxial system is formed, which involves the re-crystallization of carbon at the Fe/vacuum interface and that enables the controlled growth of monolayer and multilayer graphene films. In order to study the initial stages of single and multilayer graphene growth, real time monitoring of the system was preformed within a photoemission and low energy electron microscope. It was found that the initial graphene growth occurred at temperatures as low as 500 °C, whilst increasing the temperature to 560 °C was required to produce multi-layer graphene of high structural quality. Angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy was used to study the electronic properties of the grown material, where a graphene-like energy momentum dispersion was observed. The Dirac point for the first layer is located at 2.5 eV below the Fermi level, indicating an n-type doping of the graphene due to substrate interactions, while that of the second graphene layer lies close to the Fermi level.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4935073},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 18,
volume = 107,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}