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Title: A Ku band pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer using an arbitrary waveform generator for quantum control experiments at millikelvin temperatures

Abstract

We present a 17 GHz (Ku band) arbitrary waveform pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer for experiments down to millikelvin temperatures. The spectrometer is located at room temperature, while the resonator is placed either in a room temperature magnet or inside a cryogen-free dilution refrigerator; the operating temperature range of the dilution unit is from ca. 10 mK to 8 K. This combination provides the opportunity to perform quantum control experiments on electron spins in the pure-state regime. At 0.6 T, spin echo experiments were carried out using γ-irradiated quartz glass from 1 K to 12.3 mK. With decreasing temperatures, we observed an increase in spin echo signal intensities due to increasing spin polarizations, in accordance with theoretical predictions. Through experimental data fitting, thermal spin polarization at 100 mK was estimated to be at least 99%, which was almost pure state. Next, to demonstrate the ability to create arbitrary waveform pulses, we generate a shaped pulse by superposing three Gaussian pulses of different frequencies. The resulting pulse was able to selectively and coherently excite three different spin packets simultaneously—a useful ability for analyzing multi-spin system and for controlling a multi-qubit quantum computer. By applying this pulse to the inhomogeneously broadened sample,more » we obtain three well-resolved excitations at 8 K, 1 K, and 14 mK.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ; ;  [1]
  1. Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka-shi, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan)
  2. (Malaysia)
  3. Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology (RCAST), The University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22483241
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CONTROL; CRYOGENIC FLUIDS; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; GHZ RANGE 01-100; PULSES; PURE STATES; QUANTUM COMPUTERS; RESONATORS; SPECTROMETERS; SPIN; SPIN ECHO; SPIN ORIENTATION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; WAVE FORMS

Citation Formats

Yap, Yung Szen, E-mail: yungszen@utm.my, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Tabuchi, Yutaka, Negoro, Makoto, Kagawa, Akinori, and Kitagawa, Masahiro, E-mail: kitagawa@ee.es.osaka-u.ac.jp. A Ku band pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer using an arbitrary waveform generator for quantum control experiments at millikelvin temperatures. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4922791.
Yap, Yung Szen, E-mail: yungszen@utm.my, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Tabuchi, Yutaka, Negoro, Makoto, Kagawa, Akinori, & Kitagawa, Masahiro, E-mail: kitagawa@ee.es.osaka-u.ac.jp. A Ku band pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer using an arbitrary waveform generator for quantum control experiments at millikelvin temperatures. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4922791.
Yap, Yung Szen, E-mail: yungszen@utm.my, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Tabuchi, Yutaka, Negoro, Makoto, Kagawa, Akinori, and Kitagawa, Masahiro, E-mail: kitagawa@ee.es.osaka-u.ac.jp. Mon . "A Ku band pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer using an arbitrary waveform generator for quantum control experiments at millikelvin temperatures". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4922791.
@article{osti_22483241,
title = {A Ku band pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer using an arbitrary waveform generator for quantum control experiments at millikelvin temperatures},
author = {Yap, Yung Szen, E-mail: yungszen@utm.my and Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor and Tabuchi, Yutaka and Negoro, Makoto and Kagawa, Akinori and Kitagawa, Masahiro, E-mail: kitagawa@ee.es.osaka-u.ac.jp},
abstractNote = {We present a 17 GHz (Ku band) arbitrary waveform pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer for experiments down to millikelvin temperatures. The spectrometer is located at room temperature, while the resonator is placed either in a room temperature magnet or inside a cryogen-free dilution refrigerator; the operating temperature range of the dilution unit is from ca. 10 mK to 8 K. This combination provides the opportunity to perform quantum control experiments on electron spins in the pure-state regime. At 0.6 T, spin echo experiments were carried out using γ-irradiated quartz glass from 1 K to 12.3 mK. With decreasing temperatures, we observed an increase in spin echo signal intensities due to increasing spin polarizations, in accordance with theoretical predictions. Through experimental data fitting, thermal spin polarization at 100 mK was estimated to be at least 99%, which was almost pure state. Next, to demonstrate the ability to create arbitrary waveform pulses, we generate a shaped pulse by superposing three Gaussian pulses of different frequencies. The resulting pulse was able to selectively and coherently excite three different spin packets simultaneously—a useful ability for analyzing multi-spin system and for controlling a multi-qubit quantum computer. By applying this pulse to the inhomogeneously broadened sample, we obtain three well-resolved excitations at 8 K, 1 K, and 14 mK.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4922791},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 6,
volume = 86,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Mon Jun 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}
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