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Title: Luminescence properties of phosphate phosphor Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}

Abstract

A series of reddish orange-emitting phosphate phosphors Ba{sub 3}Y{sub 1−x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:xSm{sup 3+}(0.01≤x≤0.20) were synthesized by solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectra were utilized to characterize the structure and luminescence properties of as-synthesized phosphors. The optimized phosphors Ba{sub 3}Y{sub 0.95}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:0.05Sm{sup 3+} present several excitation bands from 300 to 500 nm, and exhibit intense reddish orange-emitting properties. The energy transfer type between Sm{sup 3+} ions was confirmed as d–d interaction by using Van Uitert model. The chromatic properties of the typical sample Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:0.05Sm{sup 3+} phosphor have been found to have chromaticity coordinates of (0.583, 0.405), which are located in reddish orange region under the excitation of 401 nm. These results indicated that Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors have potential applications in the field of lighting and display due to their effective excitation in the near-ultraviolet range. - Graphical abstract: The color coordinates for 5 mol% Sm{sup 3+} doped Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} phosphor were calculated to be (0.583, 0.405), which are located in reddish orange region under the excitation of 401 nm. The peaks of Ba{sub 3}Y{sub 0.95}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:0.05Sm{sup 3+} phosphor with the highest emission intensity at 600 nm are broader than thosemore » of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Eu{sup 3+} phosphors. All these characteristics suggest that Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors are suitable for near-UV (370–410 nm) excitation and can be applicable to near UV-based WLEDs. ▪ - Highlights: • Different concentration Sm{sup 3+}-doped Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} phosphors were fabricated by solid state method. • The optimized phosphors present the several excitation bands from 300 to 500 nm. • The Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+} shows bright reddish orange emissions under 401 nm excitation.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [4]
  1. College of Science, Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou 075000 (China)
  2. State Key Lab of Power Systems, Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)
  3. College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding 071002 (China)
  4. Institute of Functional Materials, Jiangxi University of Finance & Economics, Nanchang 330013 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475571
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 225; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DOPED MATERIALS; EMISSION SPECTRA; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; ENERGY TRANSFER; EUROPIUM IONS; EXCITATION; PHOSPHORS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SAMARIUM IONS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTRIUM OXIDES; YTTRIUM PHOSPHATES

Citation Formats

Yang, Fu, Liu, Yufeng, E-mail: liuyufeng4@126.com, Tian, Xiaodong, Dong, Guoyi, and Yu, Quanmao. Luminescence properties of phosphate phosphor Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.11.025.
Yang, Fu, Liu, Yufeng, E-mail: liuyufeng4@126.com, Tian, Xiaodong, Dong, Guoyi, & Yu, Quanmao. Luminescence properties of phosphate phosphor Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.11.025.
Yang, Fu, Liu, Yufeng, E-mail: liuyufeng4@126.com, Tian, Xiaodong, Dong, Guoyi, and Yu, Quanmao. Fri . "Luminescence properties of phosphate phosphor Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.11.025.
@article{osti_22475571,
title = {Luminescence properties of phosphate phosphor Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}},
author = {Yang, Fu and Liu, Yufeng, E-mail: liuyufeng4@126.com and Tian, Xiaodong and Dong, Guoyi and Yu, Quanmao},
abstractNote = {A series of reddish orange-emitting phosphate phosphors Ba{sub 3}Y{sub 1−x}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:xSm{sup 3+}(0.01≤x≤0.20) were synthesized by solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectra were utilized to characterize the structure and luminescence properties of as-synthesized phosphors. The optimized phosphors Ba{sub 3}Y{sub 0.95}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:0.05Sm{sup 3+} present several excitation bands from 300 to 500 nm, and exhibit intense reddish orange-emitting properties. The energy transfer type between Sm{sup 3+} ions was confirmed as d–d interaction by using Van Uitert model. The chromatic properties of the typical sample Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:0.05Sm{sup 3+} phosphor have been found to have chromaticity coordinates of (0.583, 0.405), which are located in reddish orange region under the excitation of 401 nm. These results indicated that Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors have potential applications in the field of lighting and display due to their effective excitation in the near-ultraviolet range. - Graphical abstract: The color coordinates for 5 mol% Sm{sup 3+} doped Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} phosphor were calculated to be (0.583, 0.405), which are located in reddish orange region under the excitation of 401 nm. The peaks of Ba{sub 3}Y{sub 0.95}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:0.05Sm{sup 3+} phosphor with the highest emission intensity at 600 nm are broader than those of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Eu{sup 3+} phosphors. All these characteristics suggest that Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors are suitable for near-UV (370–410 nm) excitation and can be applicable to near UV-based WLEDs. ▪ - Highlights: • Different concentration Sm{sup 3+}-doped Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} phosphors were fabricated by solid state method. • The optimized phosphors present the several excitation bands from 300 to 500 nm. • The Ba{sub 3}Y(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+} shows bright reddish orange emissions under 401 nm excitation.},
doi = {10.1016/J.JSSC.2014.11.025},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = ,
volume = 225,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Fri May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}
  • Highlights: • A novel red phosphor Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} was synthesized and investigated firstly. • The structure and characteristic luminescence properties are discussed. • The excellent thermal stability was found and investigated. • It has good color saturation, the CIE is close to that of commercial Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}. - Abstract: A series of Sm{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14} red phosphors were successfully synthesized. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates that all the samples are single phased. The luminescence property is investigated in detail by measuring their photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra. Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{submore » 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors show strong absorption in 400–410 nm region, which is suitable for application in LEDs. When excited at 403 nm, Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphor can emit red emission with CIE chromaticity coordinates (0.615, 0.384). The optimal doping concentration of Sm{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14} is measured to be 0.02. The thermal quenching property is also measured and compared with the commercial red phosphor Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} (Topstar, TXC-RIA). The results indicate Ca{sub 19}Mg{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 14}:Sm{sup 3+} phosphors have potential to serve as a red phosphor for white LEDs.« less
  • An oxynitride phosphor (Sr{sub 1−x}Ba{sub x}){sub 2.97}SiO{sub 3}N{sub 4/3}:0.03Eu{sup 2+} (SBSON) was synthesized by the solid-state reaction at 1550 °C for 4 h. XRD results show that the major phase of the synthesized phosphors is isostructural with Sr{sub 3}SiO{sub 5} when the content of Ba{sup 2+} is not greater than 0.5. Through the doping of Ba{sup 2+} ions, the particle morphology, luminescence intensities and thermal stability are all improved obviously. When the x equals 0.5 the luminescence intensity reaches maximum which is about 1.48 times as that of the phosphor free of Ba{sup 2+}. The emission peaks can be tunedmore » from 583 nm to 601 nm by adjusting Ba{sup 2+} content. The doping of Ba{sup 2+} can also prolong the average lifetime from 1482 to 2122 ns. With high emission intensity and thermal stability, this novel oxynitride phosphor SBSON shows potential application in white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: Through the change of micro-structure by doping Ba{sup 2+} ions proved by the XRD patterns, (Sr{sub 1−x}Ba{sub x}){sub 2.97}SiO{sub 3}N{sub 4/3}:0.03Eu{sup 2+}phosphor eventually achieves the extension of lifetime and the improvement of luminescence properties and thermal stability. - Highlights: • (Sr{sub 1−x}Ba{sub x}){sub 2.97}SiO{sub 3}N{sub 4/3}:0.03Eu phosphors were prepared by the solid-state reaction. • The synthesized phosphor (x≤0.5) is isostructural with Sr{sub 3}SiO{sub 5}. • The emission peaks red shift to 601 nm then slightly blue shift by adding Ba{sup 2+}. • The emission intensity and thermal stability are both enhanced. • Fluorescent lifetime can be prolonged by doping Ba{sup 2+}.« less
  • Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • The persistent luminescence in Ba{sub 5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}Cl:Eu{sup 2+},R{sup 3+} was reported. • The influences of auxiliary codopants was discussed. • The concentration quenching of persistent luminescence was discussed. - Abstract: We investigated the persistent luminescence in europium-doped barium chloroapatite upon codoping with auxiliary rare earth ions. Luminescence properties of the phosphors, including photoluminescence, luminescence decay, and thermoluminescence are systematically studied. We formulated a model of persistent luminescence on the basis of the experimental results. In our model, some Eu{sup 2+} ions are oxidized to Eu{sup 3+} under short UV excitation, and the released electronsmore » are trapped at the positive defect. The persistent luminescence arises from the recombination of these trapped electrons with the photo-ionized Eu{sup 3+} ions. The influence of auxiliary codopants was discussed in terms of ionic potential and ionic radius. Eventually, the concentration quenching of persistent luminescence was reported and discussed.« less
  • Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ► We report the VUV spectroscopic properties of rare-earth ions in K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}. ► The O{sup 2−}-Eu{sup 3+} charge transfer bands at about 220 nm have been observed. ► The 4f–5d spin-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions of Tb{sup 3+} have been observed. ► There is energy transfer between the host and rare-earth activators. -- Abstract: Rare earth (RE = Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy and Tm)-activated K{sub 2}LnZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln = Y, La, Gd and Lu) have been synthesized by solid-state reaction method, and their vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) excitation luminescent characteristics have been investigated.more » The band in the wavelength range of 130–157 nm and the other one range from 155 to 216 nm with the maximum at about 187 nm in the VUV excitation spectra of these compounds are attributed to the host lattice absorption and O–Zr charge transfer transition, respectively. The charge transfer bands (CTB) of O{sup 2−}-Sm{sup 3+}, O{sup 2−}-Dy{sup 3+} and O{sup 2−}-Tm{sup 3+}, in Sm{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+} and Tm{sup 3+}-activated samples, have not been obviously observed probably because the 2p electrons of oxygen are tightly bound to the zirconium ion in the host lattice. For Eu{sup 3+}-activated samples, the relatively weak O{sup 2−}-Eu{sup 3+} CTB at about 220 nm is observed. And for Tb{sup 3+}-activated samples, the bands at 223 and 258 nm are related to the 4f-5d spin-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions of Tb{sup 3+}, respectively. It is observed that there is energy transfer between the host lattice and the luminescent activators (e.g. Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}). From the standpoint of luminescent efficiency, color purity and chemical stability, K{sub 2}GdZr(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}:Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+} are attractive candidates for novel yellow, red, green-emitting PDP phosphors.« less
  • Eu{sup 3+}-doped triple phosphate Ca{sub 8}MgR(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} (R = La, Gd, Y) was synthesized by the general high temperature solid-state reaction. This phosphor was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and emission spectra. XRD and FT-IR analysis indicated that Ca{sub 8}MgR(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} (R = La, Gd, Y) crystallized in single-phase component with whitlockite-like structure (space group R3c) of {beta}-Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}. Under the excitation of UV light, the phosphors show bright red emission assigned to the transition ({sup 5}D{sub 0} {yields} {sup 7}F{sub 2}) at 612 nm. The crystallographic sites of Eu{sup 3+}more » ions in Ca{sub 8}MgR(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} (R = La, Gd, Y) host were discussed on the base of site-selective excitation and emission spectra, luminescence decay and its host crystal structure.« less