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Title: Vermicomposting as manure management strategy for urban small-holder animal farms – Kampala case study

Abstract

Highlights: • Poor manure management can increase burden of disease and environmental impact. • A low-maintenance vermicompost reactor was set-up in Kampala, Uganda. • High material reduction (45.9%) and waste-to-biomass conversion (3.6% on a TS basis). • Five year return on investment of 275% of system in Uganda. • Technically and economically viable system for improved urban manure management. - Abstract: Inadequate organic waste management can contribute to the spread of diseases and have negative impacts on the environment. Vermicomposting organic waste could have dual beneficial effects by generating an economically viable animal feed protein in the form of worm biomass, while alleviating the negative effects of poor organic waste management. In this study, a low-maintenance vermicomposting system was evaluated as manure and food waste management system for small-holder farmers. A vermicomposting system using the earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae and treating cow manure and food waste was set up in Kampala, Uganda, and monitored for 172 days. The material degradation and protein production rates were evaluated after 63 days and at the end of the experiment. The material reduction was 45.9% and the waste-to-biomass conversion rate was 3.5% in the vermicomposting process on a total solids basis. A possible increasemore » in the conversion rate could be achieved by increasing the frequency of worm harvesting. Vermicomposting was found to be a viable manure management method in small-scale urban animal agriculture; the return of investment was calculated to be 280% for treating the manure of a 450 kg cow. The vermicompost was not sanitised, although hygiene quality could be improved by introducing a post-stabilisation step in which no fresh material is added. The value of the animal feed protein generated in the process can act as an incentive to improve current manure management strategies.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)
  2. (Uganda)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22470237
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Waste Management
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 39; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0956-053X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; AGRICULTURE; ANIMAL FEEDS; ANNELIDS; BIOMASS; CONVERSION; DISEASES; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; FARMS; FINANCIAL INCENTIVES; HARVESTING; INVESTMENT; MAINTENANCE; MANURES; PROTEINS; UGANDA; WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Lalander, Cecilia Helena, E-mail: cecilia.lalander@slu.se, Komakech, Allan John, Department of Agricultural & Bio-systems Engineering, Makerere University, Kampala, and Vinnerås, Björn. Vermicomposting as manure management strategy for urban small-holder animal farms – Kampala case study. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2015.02.009.
Lalander, Cecilia Helena, E-mail: cecilia.lalander@slu.se, Komakech, Allan John, Department of Agricultural & Bio-systems Engineering, Makerere University, Kampala, & Vinnerås, Björn. Vermicomposting as manure management strategy for urban small-holder animal farms – Kampala case study. United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2015.02.009.
Lalander, Cecilia Helena, E-mail: cecilia.lalander@slu.se, Komakech, Allan John, Department of Agricultural & Bio-systems Engineering, Makerere University, Kampala, and Vinnerås, Björn. Fri . "Vermicomposting as manure management strategy for urban small-holder animal farms – Kampala case study". United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2015.02.009.
@article{osti_22470237,
title = {Vermicomposting as manure management strategy for urban small-holder animal farms – Kampala case study},
author = {Lalander, Cecilia Helena, E-mail: cecilia.lalander@slu.se and Komakech, Allan John and Department of Agricultural & Bio-systems Engineering, Makerere University, Kampala and Vinnerås, Björn},
abstractNote = {Highlights: • Poor manure management can increase burden of disease and environmental impact. • A low-maintenance vermicompost reactor was set-up in Kampala, Uganda. • High material reduction (45.9%) and waste-to-biomass conversion (3.6% on a TS basis). • Five year return on investment of 275% of system in Uganda. • Technically and economically viable system for improved urban manure management. - Abstract: Inadequate organic waste management can contribute to the spread of diseases and have negative impacts on the environment. Vermicomposting organic waste could have dual beneficial effects by generating an economically viable animal feed protein in the form of worm biomass, while alleviating the negative effects of poor organic waste management. In this study, a low-maintenance vermicomposting system was evaluated as manure and food waste management system for small-holder farmers. A vermicomposting system using the earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae and treating cow manure and food waste was set up in Kampala, Uganda, and monitored for 172 days. The material degradation and protein production rates were evaluated after 63 days and at the end of the experiment. The material reduction was 45.9% and the waste-to-biomass conversion rate was 3.5% in the vermicomposting process on a total solids basis. A possible increase in the conversion rate could be achieved by increasing the frequency of worm harvesting. Vermicomposting was found to be a viable manure management method in small-scale urban animal agriculture; the return of investment was calculated to be 280% for treating the manure of a 450 kg cow. The vermicompost was not sanitised, although hygiene quality could be improved by introducing a post-stabilisation step in which no fresh material is added. The value of the animal feed protein generated in the process can act as an incentive to improve current manure management strategies.},
doi = {10.1016/J.WASMAN.2015.02.009},
journal = {Waste Management},
issn = {0956-053X},
number = ,
volume = 39,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}