# Absorbing layers for the Dirac equation

## Abstract

This work is devoted to the construction of perfectly matched layers (PML) for the Dirac equation, that not only arises in relativistic quantum mechanics but also in the dynamics of electrons in graphene or in topological insulators. While the resulting equations are stable at the continuous level, some care is necessary in order to obtain a stable scheme at the discrete level. This is related to the so-called fermion doubling problem. For this matter, we consider the numerical scheme introduced by Hammer et al. [19], and combine it with the discretized PML equations. We state some arguments for the stability of the resulting scheme, and perform simulations in two dimensions. The perfectly matched layers are shown to exhibit, in various configurations, superior absorption than the absorbing potential method and the so-called transport-like boundary conditions.

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22465626

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Journal of Computational Physics

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 289; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9991

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; ABSORPTION; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; DIRAC EQUATION; ELECTRONS; GRAPHENE; QUANTUM MECHANICS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS

### Citation Formats

```
Pinaud, Olivier, E-mail: pinaud@math.colostate.edu.
```*Absorbing layers for the Dirac equation*. United States: N. p., 2015.
Web. doi:10.1016/J.JCP.2015.02.049.

```
Pinaud, Olivier, E-mail: pinaud@math.colostate.edu.
```*Absorbing layers for the Dirac equation*. United States. doi:10.1016/J.JCP.2015.02.049.

```
Pinaud, Olivier, E-mail: pinaud@math.colostate.edu. Fri .
"Absorbing layers for the Dirac equation". United States. doi:10.1016/J.JCP.2015.02.049.
```

```
@article{osti_22465626,
```

title = {Absorbing layers for the Dirac equation},

author = {Pinaud, Olivier, E-mail: pinaud@math.colostate.edu},

abstractNote = {This work is devoted to the construction of perfectly matched layers (PML) for the Dirac equation, that not only arises in relativistic quantum mechanics but also in the dynamics of electrons in graphene or in topological insulators. While the resulting equations are stable at the continuous level, some care is necessary in order to obtain a stable scheme at the discrete level. This is related to the so-called fermion doubling problem. For this matter, we consider the numerical scheme introduced by Hammer et al. [19], and combine it with the discretized PML equations. We state some arguments for the stability of the resulting scheme, and perform simulations in two dimensions. The perfectly matched layers are shown to exhibit, in various configurations, superior absorption than the absorbing potential method and the so-called transport-like boundary conditions.},

doi = {10.1016/J.JCP.2015.02.049},

journal = {Journal of Computational Physics},

issn = {0021-9991},

number = ,

volume = 289,

place = {United States},

year = {2015},

month = {5}

}