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Title: ℤ{sub 2} SIMP dark matter

Abstract

Dark matter with strong self-interactions provides a compelling solution to several small-scale structure puzzles. Under the assumption that the coupling between dark matter and the Standard Model particles is suppressed, such strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) allow for a successful thermal freeze-out through N-to-N{sup ′} processes, where N dark matter particles annihilate to N{sup ′} of them. In the most common scenarios, where dark matter stability is guaranteed by a ℤ{sub 2} symmetry, the seemingly leading annihilating channel, i.e. 3-to-2 process, is forbidden, so the 4-to-2 one dominate the production of the dark matter relic density. Moreover, cosmological observations require that the dark matter sector is colder than the thermal bath of Standard Model particles, a condition that can be dynamically generated via a small portal between dark matter and Standard Model particles, à la freeze-in. This scenario is exemplified in the context of the Singlet Scalar dark matter model.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. ICTP South American Institute for Fundamental Research,Instituto de Física Teórica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São Paulo (Brazil)
  2. ICTP International Centre for Theoretical PhysicsStrada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)
OSTI Identifier:
22458447
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 01; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP01(2016)006; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:13321; cc-by Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ANNIHILATION; COSMOLOGY; DENSITY; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; STANDARD MODEL; STRONG INTERACTIONS; SYMMETRY

Citation Formats

Bernal, Nicolás, and Chu, Xiaoyong. ℤ{sub 2} SIMP dark matter. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/01/006.
Bernal, Nicolás, & Chu, Xiaoyong. ℤ{sub 2} SIMP dark matter. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/01/006.
Bernal, Nicolás, and Chu, Xiaoyong. Tue . "ℤ{sub 2} SIMP dark matter". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2016/01/006.
@article{osti_22458447,
title = {ℤ{sub 2} SIMP dark matter},
author = {Bernal, Nicolás and Chu, Xiaoyong},
abstractNote = {Dark matter with strong self-interactions provides a compelling solution to several small-scale structure puzzles. Under the assumption that the coupling between dark matter and the Standard Model particles is suppressed, such strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) allow for a successful thermal freeze-out through N-to-N{sup ′} processes, where N dark matter particles annihilate to N{sup ′} of them. In the most common scenarios, where dark matter stability is guaranteed by a ℤ{sub 2} symmetry, the seemingly leading annihilating channel, i.e. 3-to-2 process, is forbidden, so the 4-to-2 one dominate the production of the dark matter relic density. Moreover, cosmological observations require that the dark matter sector is colder than the thermal bath of Standard Model particles, a condition that can be dynamically generated via a small portal between dark matter and Standard Model particles, à la freeze-in. This scenario is exemplified in the context of the Singlet Scalar dark matter model.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2016/01/006},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 01,
volume = 2016,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 05 00:00:00 EST 2016},
month = {Tue Jan 05 00:00:00 EST 2016}
}