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Title: Long-range Self-interacting Dark Matter in the Sun

Abstract

We investigate the implications of the long-rang self-interaction on both the self-capture and the annihilation of the self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) trapped in the Sun. Our discussion is based on a specific SIDM model in which DM particles self-interact via a light scalar mediator, or Yukawa potential, in the context of quantum mechanics. Within this framework, we calculate the self-capture rate across a broad region of parameter space. While the self-capture rate can be obtained separately in the Born regime with perturbative method, and in the classical limits with the Rutherford formula, our calculation covers the gap between in a non-perturbative fashion. Besides, the phenomenology of both the Sommerfeld-enhanced s- and p-wave annihilation of the solar SIDM is also involved in our discussion. Moreover, by combining the analysis of the Super-Kamiokande (SK) data and the observed DM relic density, we constrain the nuclear capture rate of the DM particles in the presence of the dark Yukawa potential. The consequence of the long-range dark force on probing the solar SIDM turns out to be significant if the force-carrier is much lighter than the DM particle, and a quantitative analysis is provided.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ;  [4]
  1. University of Chinese Academy of Science,19A Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,19B Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049 (China)
  4. State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China,Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,Zhong Guan Cun East Street 55#, Beijing, 100190 (China)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)
OSTI Identifier:
22458411
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP12(2015)021; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:13007; Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ANNIHILATION; CAPTURE; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; P WAVES; QUANTUM MECHANICS; RELICT RADIATION; SUN; YUKAWA POTENTIAL

Citation Formats

Chen, Jing, State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China,Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,Zhong Guan Cun East Street 55#, Beijing, 100190, Liang, Zheng-Liang, Wu, Yue-Liang, and Zhou, Yu-Feng. Long-range Self-interacting Dark Matter in the Sun. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/021.
Chen, Jing, State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China,Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,Zhong Guan Cun East Street 55#, Beijing, 100190, Liang, Zheng-Liang, Wu, Yue-Liang, & Zhou, Yu-Feng. Long-range Self-interacting Dark Matter in the Sun. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/021.
Chen, Jing, State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China,Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,Zhong Guan Cun East Street 55#, Beijing, 100190, Liang, Zheng-Liang, Wu, Yue-Liang, and Zhou, Yu-Feng. Thu . "Long-range Self-interacting Dark Matter in the Sun". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/021.
@article{osti_22458411,
title = {Long-range Self-interacting Dark Matter in the Sun},
author = {Chen, Jing and State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China,Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,Zhong Guan Cun East Street 55#, Beijing, 100190 and Liang, Zheng-Liang and Wu, Yue-Liang and Zhou, Yu-Feng},
abstractNote = {We investigate the implications of the long-rang self-interaction on both the self-capture and the annihilation of the self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) trapped in the Sun. Our discussion is based on a specific SIDM model in which DM particles self-interact via a light scalar mediator, or Yukawa potential, in the context of quantum mechanics. Within this framework, we calculate the self-capture rate across a broad region of parameter space. While the self-capture rate can be obtained separately in the Born regime with perturbative method, and in the classical limits with the Rutherford formula, our calculation covers the gap between in a non-perturbative fashion. Besides, the phenomenology of both the Sommerfeld-enhanced s- and p-wave annihilation of the solar SIDM is also involved in our discussion. Moreover, by combining the analysis of the Super-Kamiokande (SK) data and the observed DM relic density, we constrain the nuclear capture rate of the DM particles in the presence of the dark Yukawa potential. The consequence of the long-range dark force on probing the solar SIDM turns out to be significant if the force-carrier is much lighter than the DM particle, and a quantitative analysis is provided.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/021},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 12,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Dec 10 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Dec 10 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}