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Title: Results from the Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS)

Abstract

We present the results of a search for transversely polarised hidden photons (HPs) with ∼3 eV energies emitted from the Sun. These hypothetical particles, known also as paraphotons or dark sector photons, are theoretically well motivated for example by string theory inspired extensions of the Standard Model. Solar HPs of sub-eV mass can convert into photons of the same energy (photon ↔ HP oscillations are similar to neutrino flavour oscillations). At SHIPS this would take place inside a long light-tight high-vacuum tube, which tracks the Sun. The generated photons would then be focused into a low-noise photomultiplier at the far end of the tube. Our analysis of 330 h of data (and 330 h of background characterisation) reveals no signal of photons from solar hidden photon conversion. We estimate the rate of newly generated photons due to this conversion to be smaller than 25 mHz/m{sup 2} at the 95% C.L. Using this and a recent model of solar HP emission, we set stringent constraints on χ, the coupling constant between HPs and photons, as a function of the HP mass.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]; ; ;  [1]
  1. Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Germany)
  2. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestraße 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)
  3. Departamento de Física Teórica, Universidad de Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, E-50009, Zaragoza (Spain)
  4. (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Föhringer Ring 6, D-80805 München (Germany)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)
OSTI Identifier:
22458360
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 08; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP08(2015)011; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:11349; Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; COUPLING CONSTANTS; FLAVOR MODEL; NEUTRINO OSCILLATION; PHOTON EMISSION; PHOTONS; POSTULATED PARTICLES; PRESSURE RANGE MICRO PA; STANDARD MODEL; STRING MODELS; STRING THEORY; SUN

Citation Formats

Schwarz, Matthias, Knabbe, Ernst-Axel, Lindner, Axel, Redondo, Javier, Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Ringwald, Andreas, Schneide, Magnus, Susol, Jaroslaw, and Wiedemann, Günter. Results from the Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS). United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/08/011.
Schwarz, Matthias, Knabbe, Ernst-Axel, Lindner, Axel, Redondo, Javier, Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Ringwald, Andreas, Schneide, Magnus, Susol, Jaroslaw, & Wiedemann, Günter. Results from the Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS). United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/08/011.
Schwarz, Matthias, Knabbe, Ernst-Axel, Lindner, Axel, Redondo, Javier, Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Ringwald, Andreas, Schneide, Magnus, Susol, Jaroslaw, and Wiedemann, Günter. Fri . "Results from the Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS)". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/08/011.
@article{osti_22458360,
title = {Results from the Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS)},
author = {Schwarz, Matthias and Knabbe, Ernst-Axel and Lindner, Axel and Redondo, Javier and Max-Planck-Institut für Physik and Ringwald, Andreas and Schneide, Magnus and Susol, Jaroslaw and Wiedemann, Günter},
abstractNote = {We present the results of a search for transversely polarised hidden photons (HPs) with ∼3 eV energies emitted from the Sun. These hypothetical particles, known also as paraphotons or dark sector photons, are theoretically well motivated for example by string theory inspired extensions of the Standard Model. Solar HPs of sub-eV mass can convert into photons of the same energy (photon ↔ HP oscillations are similar to neutrino flavour oscillations). At SHIPS this would take place inside a long light-tight high-vacuum tube, which tracks the Sun. The generated photons would then be focused into a low-noise photomultiplier at the far end of the tube. Our analysis of 330 h of data (and 330 h of background characterisation) reveals no signal of photons from solar hidden photon conversion. We estimate the rate of newly generated photons due to this conversion to be smaller than 25 mHz/m{sup 2} at the 95% C.L. Using this and a recent model of solar HP emission, we set stringent constraints on χ, the coupling constant between HPs and photons, as a function of the HP mass.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/08/011},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 08,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}