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Title: Galvano-rotational effect induced by electroweak interactions in pulsars

Abstract

We study electroweakly interacting particles in rotating matter. The existence of the electric current along the axis of the matter rotation is predicted in this system. This new galvano-rotational effect is caused by the parity violating interaction between massless charged particles in the rotating matter. We start with the exact solution of the Dirac equation for a fermion involved in the electroweak interaction in the rotating frame. This equation includes the noninertial effects. Then, using the obtained solution, we derive the induced electric current which turns out to flow along the rotation axis. We study the possibility of the appearance of the galvano-rotational effect in dense matter of compact astrophysical objects. The particular example of neutron and hypothetical quark stars is discussed. It is shown that, using this effect, one can expect the generation of toroidal magnetic fields comparable with poloidal ones in old millisecond pulsars. We also briefly discuss the generation of the magnetic helicity in these stars. Finally we analyze the possibility to apply the galvano-rotational effect for the description of the asymmetric neutrino emission from a neutron star to explain pulsars kicks.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, CP 66318, CEP 05314-970 São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
  2. (IZMIRAN), 142190 Troitsk, Moscow (Russian Federation)
  3. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)
OSTI Identifier:
22454551
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 05; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP05(2015)037; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:10398; Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ASTROPHYSICS; ASYMMETRY; CHARGED PARTICLES; DIRAC EQUATION; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; EXACT SOLUTIONS; G-PARITY INVARIANCE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NEUTRINOS; NEUTRON STARS; PULSARS; QUARKS; ROTATION; WEINBERG-SALAM GAUGE MODEL

Citation Formats

Dvornikov, Maxim, Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation, and Physics Faculty, National Research Tomsk State University, 36 Lenin Ave., 634050 Tomsk. Galvano-rotational effect induced by electroweak interactions in pulsars. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/05/037.
Dvornikov, Maxim, Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation, & Physics Faculty, National Research Tomsk State University, 36 Lenin Ave., 634050 Tomsk. Galvano-rotational effect induced by electroweak interactions in pulsars. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/05/037.
Dvornikov, Maxim, Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation, and Physics Faculty, National Research Tomsk State University, 36 Lenin Ave., 634050 Tomsk. Thu . "Galvano-rotational effect induced by electroweak interactions in pulsars". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2015/05/037.
@article{osti_22454551,
title = {Galvano-rotational effect induced by electroweak interactions in pulsars},
author = {Dvornikov, Maxim and Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation and Physics Faculty, National Research Tomsk State University, 36 Lenin Ave., 634050 Tomsk},
abstractNote = {We study electroweakly interacting particles in rotating matter. The existence of the electric current along the axis of the matter rotation is predicted in this system. This new galvano-rotational effect is caused by the parity violating interaction between massless charged particles in the rotating matter. We start with the exact solution of the Dirac equation for a fermion involved in the electroweak interaction in the rotating frame. This equation includes the noninertial effects. Then, using the obtained solution, we derive the induced electric current which turns out to flow along the rotation axis. We study the possibility of the appearance of the galvano-rotational effect in dense matter of compact astrophysical objects. The particular example of neutron and hypothetical quark stars is discussed. It is shown that, using this effect, one can expect the generation of toroidal magnetic fields comparable with poloidal ones in old millisecond pulsars. We also briefly discuss the generation of the magnetic helicity in these stars. Finally we analyze the possibility to apply the galvano-rotational effect for the description of the asymmetric neutrino emission from a neutron star to explain pulsars kicks.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2015/05/037},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 05,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 21 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Thu May 21 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}