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Title: Respiratory syncytial virus increases lung cellular bioenergetics in neonatal C57BL/6 mice

Abstract

We have previously reported that lung cellular bioenergetics (cellular respiration and ATP) increased in 4–10 week-old BALB/c mice infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). This study examined the kinetics and changes in cellular bioenergetics in ≤2-week-old C57BL/6 mice following RSV infection. Mice (5–14 days old) were inoculated intranasally with RSV and the lungs were examined on days 1–10 post-infection. Histopathology and electron microscopy revealed preserved pneumocyte architectures and organelles. Increased lung cellular bioenergetics was noted from days 1–10 post-infection. Cellular GSH remained unchanged. These results indicate that the increased lung cellular respiration (measured by mitochondrial O{sub 2} consumption) and ATP following RSV infection is independent of either age or genetic background of the host. - Highlights: • RSV infection increases lung cellular respiration and ATP in neonatal C57BL/6 mice. • Increased lung cellular bioenergetics is a biomarker of RSV infection. • Lung cellular glutathione remains unchanged in RSV infection.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [1]
  1. Departments of Pediatrics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17666, Al Ain (United Arab Emirates)
  2. Departments of Pathology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17666, Al Ain (United Arab Emirates)
  3. Department of Microbiology, Department of Pathology and Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Immunology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22435031
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 454-455; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ATP; BIOLOGICAL MARKERS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; GLUTATHIONE; HOST; LUNGS; MICE; MITOCHONDRIA; NEONATES; OXYGEN; RESPIRATION; VIRUSES

Citation Formats

Alsuwaidi, Ahmed R., E-mail: alsuwaidia@uaeu.ac.ae, Albawardi, Alia, E-mail: alia.albawardi@uaeu.ac.ae, Almarzooqi, Saeeda, E-mail: saeeda.almarzooqi@uaeu.ac.ae, Benedict, Sheela, E-mail: sheela.benedict@uaeu.ac.ae, Othman, Aws R., E-mail: aws.rashad@uaeu.ac.ae, Hartwig, Stacey M., E-mail: stacey-hartwig@uiowa.edu, Varga, Steven M., E-mail: steven-varga@uiowa.edu, and Souid, Abdul-Kader, E-mail: asouid@uaeu.ac.ae. Respiratory syncytial virus increases lung cellular bioenergetics in neonatal C57BL/6 mice. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1016/J.VIROL.2014.02.028.
Alsuwaidi, Ahmed R., E-mail: alsuwaidia@uaeu.ac.ae, Albawardi, Alia, E-mail: alia.albawardi@uaeu.ac.ae, Almarzooqi, Saeeda, E-mail: saeeda.almarzooqi@uaeu.ac.ae, Benedict, Sheela, E-mail: sheela.benedict@uaeu.ac.ae, Othman, Aws R., E-mail: aws.rashad@uaeu.ac.ae, Hartwig, Stacey M., E-mail: stacey-hartwig@uiowa.edu, Varga, Steven M., E-mail: steven-varga@uiowa.edu, & Souid, Abdul-Kader, E-mail: asouid@uaeu.ac.ae. Respiratory syncytial virus increases lung cellular bioenergetics in neonatal C57BL/6 mice. United States. doi:10.1016/J.VIROL.2014.02.028.
Alsuwaidi, Ahmed R., E-mail: alsuwaidia@uaeu.ac.ae, Albawardi, Alia, E-mail: alia.albawardi@uaeu.ac.ae, Almarzooqi, Saeeda, E-mail: saeeda.almarzooqi@uaeu.ac.ae, Benedict, Sheela, E-mail: sheela.benedict@uaeu.ac.ae, Othman, Aws R., E-mail: aws.rashad@uaeu.ac.ae, Hartwig, Stacey M., E-mail: stacey-hartwig@uiowa.edu, Varga, Steven M., E-mail: steven-varga@uiowa.edu, and Souid, Abdul-Kader, E-mail: asouid@uaeu.ac.ae. Tue . "Respiratory syncytial virus increases lung cellular bioenergetics in neonatal C57BL/6 mice". United States. doi:10.1016/J.VIROL.2014.02.028.
@article{osti_22435031,
title = {Respiratory syncytial virus increases lung cellular bioenergetics in neonatal C57BL/6 mice},
author = {Alsuwaidi, Ahmed R., E-mail: alsuwaidia@uaeu.ac.ae and Albawardi, Alia, E-mail: alia.albawardi@uaeu.ac.ae and Almarzooqi, Saeeda, E-mail: saeeda.almarzooqi@uaeu.ac.ae and Benedict, Sheela, E-mail: sheela.benedict@uaeu.ac.ae and Othman, Aws R., E-mail: aws.rashad@uaeu.ac.ae and Hartwig, Stacey M., E-mail: stacey-hartwig@uiowa.edu and Varga, Steven M., E-mail: steven-varga@uiowa.edu and Souid, Abdul-Kader, E-mail: asouid@uaeu.ac.ae},
abstractNote = {We have previously reported that lung cellular bioenergetics (cellular respiration and ATP) increased in 4–10 week-old BALB/c mice infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). This study examined the kinetics and changes in cellular bioenergetics in ≤2-week-old C57BL/6 mice following RSV infection. Mice (5–14 days old) were inoculated intranasally with RSV and the lungs were examined on days 1–10 post-infection. Histopathology and electron microscopy revealed preserved pneumocyte architectures and organelles. Increased lung cellular bioenergetics was noted from days 1–10 post-infection. Cellular GSH remained unchanged. These results indicate that the increased lung cellular respiration (measured by mitochondrial O{sub 2} consumption) and ATP following RSV infection is independent of either age or genetic background of the host. - Highlights: • RSV infection increases lung cellular respiration and ATP in neonatal C57BL/6 mice. • Increased lung cellular bioenergetics is a biomarker of RSV infection. • Lung cellular glutathione remains unchanged in RSV infection.},
doi = {10.1016/J.VIROL.2014.02.028},
journal = {Virology},
number = ,
volume = 454-455,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Tue Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}