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Title: Spectroscopy investigation of nanostructured nickel–zinc ferrite obtained by mechanochemical synthesis

Abstract

Highlights: • Nano powder of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} prepared by a soft mechanochemicaly after 10 h milling. • Phase formation controlled by XRD, Raman and IR spectroscopy. • Spectroscopy measurements indicate that the prepared samples have spinel structure. • The average particles size are found to be around 20 nm. • The degree of inversion is δ = 0.36 for NZF obtained from hydroxides for 10 h. - Abstract: Nano crystalline samples of nickel–zinc ferrite, Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were prepared by mechanochemical route in a planetary ball mill starting from two mixtures of the appropriate quantities of the powders: case (1) oxide powders: NiO, ZnO and α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} in one case, and in the second case (2) hydroxide powders: Ni(OH){sub 2}, Zn(OH){sub 2} and Fe(OH){sub 3}. In order to monitor the progress of chemical reaction and confirm phase formation, powder samples obtained after 5 h and 10 h of milling were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman, IR and Mössbauer spectroscopy. It is shown that the soft mechanochemical method, i.e. mechanochemical activation of hydroxides, produces high quality single phase Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples in much more efficient way. Frommore » the IR spectroscopy of single phase samples it is obvious that energy of modes depends on the ratio of cations. The deconvolution of Raman spectra allows to separate contributions of different cations to a particular type of vibration and to estimate the degree of inversion.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [1]
  1. Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 68, Pregrevica 118, Zemun, Belgrade (Serbia)
  2. The Institute for Multidisciplinary Research, University of Belgrade, Kneza Višeslava 1, Belgrade (Serbia)
  3. Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinča, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)
  4. Department for Nanostructured Materials, Jožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420843
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 63; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; FERRITES; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRON HYDROXIDES; IRON OXIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; NICKEL HYDROXIDES; NICKEL OXIDES; PARTICLE SIZE; POWDERS; RAMAN SPECTRA; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SYNTHESIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC HYDROXIDES; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Lazarević, Zorica Ž., E-mail: lzorica@yahoo.com, Milutinović, Aleksandra N., Jovalekić, Čedomir D., Ivanovski, Valentin N., Daneu, Nina, Mađarević, Ivan, and Romčević, Nebojša Ž.. Spectroscopy investigation of nanostructured nickel–zinc ferrite obtained by mechanochemical synthesis. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.12.005.
Lazarević, Zorica Ž., E-mail: lzorica@yahoo.com, Milutinović, Aleksandra N., Jovalekić, Čedomir D., Ivanovski, Valentin N., Daneu, Nina, Mađarević, Ivan, & Romčević, Nebojša Ž.. Spectroscopy investigation of nanostructured nickel–zinc ferrite obtained by mechanochemical synthesis. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.12.005.
Lazarević, Zorica Ž., E-mail: lzorica@yahoo.com, Milutinović, Aleksandra N., Jovalekić, Čedomir D., Ivanovski, Valentin N., Daneu, Nina, Mađarević, Ivan, and Romčević, Nebojša Ž.. Sun . "Spectroscopy investigation of nanostructured nickel–zinc ferrite obtained by mechanochemical synthesis". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.12.005.
@article{osti_22420843,
title = {Spectroscopy investigation of nanostructured nickel–zinc ferrite obtained by mechanochemical synthesis},
author = {Lazarević, Zorica Ž., E-mail: lzorica@yahoo.com and Milutinović, Aleksandra N. and Jovalekić, Čedomir D. and Ivanovski, Valentin N. and Daneu, Nina and Mađarević, Ivan and Romčević, Nebojša Ž.},
abstractNote = {Highlights: • Nano powder of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} prepared by a soft mechanochemicaly after 10 h milling. • Phase formation controlled by XRD, Raman and IR spectroscopy. • Spectroscopy measurements indicate that the prepared samples have spinel structure. • The average particles size are found to be around 20 nm. • The degree of inversion is δ = 0.36 for NZF obtained from hydroxides for 10 h. - Abstract: Nano crystalline samples of nickel–zinc ferrite, Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were prepared by mechanochemical route in a planetary ball mill starting from two mixtures of the appropriate quantities of the powders: case (1) oxide powders: NiO, ZnO and α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} in one case, and in the second case (2) hydroxide powders: Ni(OH){sub 2}, Zn(OH){sub 2} and Fe(OH){sub 3}. In order to monitor the progress of chemical reaction and confirm phase formation, powder samples obtained after 5 h and 10 h of milling were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman, IR and Mössbauer spectroscopy. It is shown that the soft mechanochemical method, i.e. mechanochemical activation of hydroxides, produces high quality single phase Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples in much more efficient way. From the IR spectroscopy of single phase samples it is obvious that energy of modes depends on the ratio of cations. The deconvolution of Raman spectra allows to separate contributions of different cations to a particular type of vibration and to estimate the degree of inversion.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.12.005},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = ,
volume = 63,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Sun Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}