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Title: One-step in situ synthesis of graphene–TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with enhanced photocatalytic activity

Abstract

Chemically bonded graphene/TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with superior dispersity were synthesized by a one-step in situ hydrothermal method using graphene oxide (GO) and TiO{sub 2} (P25) as the starting materials. The as-prepared samples were characterized by XRD, XPS, TEM, FE-SEM, EDX, Raman, N{sub 2} adsorption, and UV–vis DRS techniques. Enhanced light absorption and a red shift of absorption edge were observed for the composites in the ultraviolet–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–vis DRS). Their effective photocatalytic activity was evaluated by the photodegradation of methylene blue under visible light irradiation. An enhancement of photocatalytic performance was observed over graphene/TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composite photocatalysts, as 3.7 times larger than that of pristine TiO{sub 2} nanorods. This work demonstrated that the synthesis of TiO{sub 2} nanorods and simultaneous conversion of GO to graphene “without using reducing agents” had shown to be a rapid, direct and clean approach to fabricate chemically bonded graphene/TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with enhanced photocatalytic performance.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420767
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 61; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADSORPTION; CARBON OXIDES; CHEMICAL BONDS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; GRAPHENE; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; IRRADIATION; METHYLENE BLUE; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOTOCATALYSIS; RED SHIFT; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE; TITANIUM OXIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; VISIBLE RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Sun, Mingxuan, E-mail: mingxuansun@sues.edu.cn, Li, Weibin, Sun, Shanfu, He, Jia, Zhang, Qiang, and Shi, Yuying. One-step in situ synthesis of graphene–TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with enhanced photocatalytic activity. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.10.040.
Sun, Mingxuan, E-mail: mingxuansun@sues.edu.cn, Li, Weibin, Sun, Shanfu, He, Jia, Zhang, Qiang, & Shi, Yuying. One-step in situ synthesis of graphene–TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with enhanced photocatalytic activity. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.10.040.
Sun, Mingxuan, E-mail: mingxuansun@sues.edu.cn, Li, Weibin, Sun, Shanfu, He, Jia, Zhang, Qiang, and Shi, Yuying. Thu . "One-step in situ synthesis of graphene–TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with enhanced photocatalytic activity". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.10.040.
@article{osti_22420767,
title = {One-step in situ synthesis of graphene–TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with enhanced photocatalytic activity},
author = {Sun, Mingxuan, E-mail: mingxuansun@sues.edu.cn and Li, Weibin and Sun, Shanfu and He, Jia and Zhang, Qiang and Shi, Yuying},
abstractNote = {Chemically bonded graphene/TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with superior dispersity were synthesized by a one-step in situ hydrothermal method using graphene oxide (GO) and TiO{sub 2} (P25) as the starting materials. The as-prepared samples were characterized by XRD, XPS, TEM, FE-SEM, EDX, Raman, N{sub 2} adsorption, and UV–vis DRS techniques. Enhanced light absorption and a red shift of absorption edge were observed for the composites in the ultraviolet–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–vis DRS). Their effective photocatalytic activity was evaluated by the photodegradation of methylene blue under visible light irradiation. An enhancement of photocatalytic performance was observed over graphene/TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composite photocatalysts, as 3.7 times larger than that of pristine TiO{sub 2} nanorods. This work demonstrated that the synthesis of TiO{sub 2} nanorods and simultaneous conversion of GO to graphene “without using reducing agents” had shown to be a rapid, direct and clean approach to fabricate chemically bonded graphene/TiO{sub 2} nanorod hybrid composites with enhanced photocatalytic performance.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2014.10.040},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = ,
volume = 61,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}
  • A hybrid photocatalyst based on anatase TiO 2 was designed by doping TiO 2 with sulfur and incorporating reduced graphene oxide (TiO 2-S/rGO hybrid), with an aim to narrow the band gap to potentially make use of visible light and decrease the recombination of excitons, respectively. This TiO 2-S/rGO hybrid was successfully synthesized using a one-pot hydrothermal method via single-step reaction. The structure and morphology of the TiO 2-S/rGO hybrid catalyst was carefully characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Its photocatalytic reactivity was evaluated by the degradation ofmore » methyl blue. The results showed that both the doping of sulfur and the introduction of rGO worked as designed, and the TiO 2-S/rGO hybrid exhibited high photocatalytic activity under simulated sunlight. Finally, considering both the facile and scalable reaction to synthesize TiO 2-S/rGO hybrid, and its excellent photocatalytic performance, such TiO 2-S/rGO hybrids are expect to find practical applications in environmental and energy sectors.« less
  • The rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl composites were successfully fabricated by a facile one-step hydrolysis method at low temperature (50 °C). The X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements were employed to characterize the phase structures, morphologies, optical properties, surface areas, and electronic state of the samples. The rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl composites exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than pure BiOCl and rutile TiO{sub 2} for the degradation of phenol under artificial solar light irradiation. In addition, the photocatalytic mechanism has also been investigated and discussed. The enhanced photocatalyticmore » performance of rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl composites is closely related to the heterojunctions between BiOCl and rutile TiO{sub 2}, which can not only broaden the light adsorption range of BiOCl but also improve the electron–hole separation efficiency under artificial solar light irradiation. - Highlights: • Rutile TiO{sub 2}/BiOCl was prepared by a low temperature one-step hydrolysis method. • The synthetic method is quite convenient and energy-saving. • The composites exhibit enhanced photocatalytic activity on phenol degradation. • The high photocatalytic activity relates to the heterojunctions of BiOCl and TiO{sub 2}.« less
  • Graphical abstract: FeNS-TiO{sub 2} exhibits stronger SPS response than that of pure TiO{sub 2}, indicating that the FeNS-TiO{sub 2} should have a higher separation rates of photoinduced charge carriers. Further, for the sample FeNS-TiO{sub 2} a broad shoulder SPS response can be seen at the wavelength range from 390 to 550 nm, suggesting that the light absorption in visible region of FeNS-TiO{sub 2} was greatly improved, which is beneficial to the enhancement of photocatalytic activity. Display Omitted Highlights: ► FeNS-TiO{sub 2} catalyst has been synthesized in the presence of ammonium ferrous sulfate. ► The light absorption edge of FeNS-TiO{sub 2}more » catalyst was red-shifted to visible region. ► The separation efficiency of photoinduced charge carriers of FeNS-TiO{sub 2} was improved. ► The activity enhanced mechanism of FeNS-TiO{sub 2} was discussed in detail. -- Abstract: Fe–N–S-tridoped TiO{sub 2} was synthesized through simple one step sol–gel reactions in the presence of ammonium ferrous sulfate. The resulting materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, diffuse reflectance spectrum and surface photovoltage spectroscopy. Results revealed that Fe and S were incorporated into the lattice of TiO{sub 2} by substituting for some Ti atoms and N for O atoms in the lattice of TiO{sub 2}. Tri-doping with Fe, N and S could inhibit the phase transformation of TiO{sub 2} from anatase to rutile, restrain the growth of crystallite sizes, extended the light absorption into the visible region and separate photoinduced charge carriers. The visible photocatalytic activity of Fe–N–S-tridoped TiO{sub 2} was higher than that of N-TiO{sub 2} and P25 TiO{sub 2}. The enhanced photocatalytic activity was attributed to the small crystallite size, high crystallinity, the intense light absorption in visible region, narrow band gap and high separation efficiency of photoinduced charge carriers.« less
  • Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Graphene–ZnO hybrid was synthesized by one-step electrochemical deposition. • Graphene–ZnO hybrid presents a special structure and wide UV–vis absorption spectra. • Graphene–ZnO hybrid exhibits an exceptionally higher photocatalytic activity for the degradation of dye methylene blue. - Abstract: A graphene–ZnO (G-ZnO) hybrid was synthesized by one-step electrochemical deposition. During the formation of ZnO nanostructure by cathodic electrochemical deposition, the graphene oxide was electrochemically reduced to graphene simultaneously. Scanning electron microscope images, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectra, and UV–vis absorption spectra indicate the resulting G-ZnO hybrid presents a special structure and wide UV–vis absorptionmore » spectra. More importantly, it exhibits an exceptionally higher photocatalytic activity for the degradation of dye methylene blue than that of pure ZnO nanostructure under both ultraviolet and sunlight irradiation.« less
  • Graphical abstract: Functional groups of sodium gluconate play synergetic roles in the formation of Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@carboxylate-rich carbon core–shell nanosturctures (Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@CRCSs). Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@CRCSs exhibits significant enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. - Highlights: • One step synthesis of Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@carboxylate-rich carbon spheres. • Functional groups of sodium gluconate play synergetic roles in the formation of Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@CRCSs. • Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@CRCSs exhibits enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. - Abstract: Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@carboxylate-rich carbon core-shell nanosturctures (Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@CRCSs) have been synthesized via a one-step method. The core–shell nanosturctures of the as-prepared samplesmore » were confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Raman spectroscopy. The formation of Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@CRCSs core–shell nanosturctures should attribute to the synergetic roles of different functional groups of sodium gluconate. Bi@Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}@CRCSs exhibits significant enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm) and shows an O{sub 2}-dependent feature. According to trapping experiments of radicals and holes, hydroxyl radicals were not the main active oxidative species in the photocatalytic degradation of MB, but O{sub 2}·{sup −} are the main active oxidative species.« less