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Title: Ab initio structural and vibrational properties of GaAs diamondoids and nanocrystals

Abstract

Gallium arsenide diamondoids structural and vibrational properties are investigated using density functional theory at the PBE/6-31(d) level and basis including polarization functions. Variation of energy gap as these diamondoids increase in size is seen to follow confinement theory for diamondoids having nearly equiaxed dimensions. Density of energy states transforms from nearly single levels to band structure as we reach larger diamondoids. Bonds of surface hydrogen with As atoms are relatively localized and shorter than that bonded to Ga atoms. Ga-As bonds have a distribution range of values due to surface reconstruction and effect of bonding to hydrogen atoms. Experimental bulk Ga-As bond length (2.45 Å) is within this distribution range. Tetrahedral and dihedral angles approach values of bulk as we go to higher diamondoids. Optical-phonon energy of larger diamondoids stabilizes at 0.037 eV (297 cm{sup -1}) compared to experimental 0.035 eV (285.2 cm{sup -1}). Ga-As force constant reaches 1.7 mDyne/Å which is comparable to Ga-Ge force constant (1.74 mDyne/Å). Hydrogen related vibrations are nearly constant and serve as a fingerprint of GaAs diamondoids while Ga-As vibrations vary with size of diamondoids.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Ministry of Science and Technology, Baghdad (Iraq)
  2. Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad (Iraq)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420199
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; BOND LENGTHS; BONDING; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; ENERGY GAP; EV RANGE; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; HYDROGEN; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHONONS; POLARIZATION; SURFACES

Citation Formats

Abdulsattar, Mudar Ahmed, E-mail: mudarahmed3@yahoo.com, Hussein, Mohammed T., and Hameed, Hadeel Ali. Ab initio structural and vibrational properties of GaAs diamondoids and nanocrystals. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4904031.
Abdulsattar, Mudar Ahmed, E-mail: mudarahmed3@yahoo.com, Hussein, Mohammed T., & Hameed, Hadeel Ali. Ab initio structural and vibrational properties of GaAs diamondoids and nanocrystals. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4904031.
Abdulsattar, Mudar Ahmed, E-mail: mudarahmed3@yahoo.com, Hussein, Mohammed T., and Hameed, Hadeel Ali. Mon . "Ab initio structural and vibrational properties of GaAs diamondoids and nanocrystals". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4904031.
@article{osti_22420199,
title = {Ab initio structural and vibrational properties of GaAs diamondoids and nanocrystals},
author = {Abdulsattar, Mudar Ahmed, E-mail: mudarahmed3@yahoo.com and Hussein, Mohammed T. and Hameed, Hadeel Ali},
abstractNote = {Gallium arsenide diamondoids structural and vibrational properties are investigated using density functional theory at the PBE/6-31(d) level and basis including polarization functions. Variation of energy gap as these diamondoids increase in size is seen to follow confinement theory for diamondoids having nearly equiaxed dimensions. Density of energy states transforms from nearly single levels to band structure as we reach larger diamondoids. Bonds of surface hydrogen with As atoms are relatively localized and shorter than that bonded to Ga atoms. Ga-As bonds have a distribution range of values due to surface reconstruction and effect of bonding to hydrogen atoms. Experimental bulk Ga-As bond length (2.45 Å) is within this distribution range. Tetrahedral and dihedral angles approach values of bulk as we go to higher diamondoids. Optical-phonon energy of larger diamondoids stabilizes at 0.037 eV (297 cm{sup -1}) compared to experimental 0.035 eV (285.2 cm{sup -1}). Ga-As force constant reaches 1.7 mDyne/Å which is comparable to Ga-Ge force constant (1.74 mDyne/Å). Hydrogen related vibrations are nearly constant and serve as a fingerprint of GaAs diamondoids while Ga-As vibrations vary with size of diamondoids.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4904031},
journal = {AIP Advances},
number = 12,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2014},
month = {Mon Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2014}
}
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