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Title: Unraveling halide hydration: A high dilution approach

Abstract

The hydration properties of halide aqua ions have been investigated combining classical Molecular Dynamics (MD) with Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. Three halide-water interaction potentials recently developed [M. M. Reif and P. H. Hünenberger, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 144104 (2011)], along with three plausible choices for the value of the absolute hydration free energy of the proton (ΔG{sub hyd}{sup ⊖}[H{sup +}]), have been checked for their capability to properly describe the structural properties of halide aqueous solutions, by comparing the MD structural results with EXAFS experimental data. A very good agreement between theory and experiment has been obtained with one parameter set, namely L{sub E}, thus strengthening preliminary evidences for a ΔG{sub hyd}{sup ⊖}[H{sup +}] value of −1100 kJ mol{sup −1} [M. M. Reif and P. H. Hünenberger, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 144104 (2011)]. The Cl{sup −}, Br{sup −}, and I{sup −} ions have been found to form an unstructured and disordered first hydration shell in aqueous solution, with a broad distribution of instantaneous coordination numbers. Conversely, the F{sup −} ion shows more ordered and defined first solvation shell, with only two statistically relevant coordination geometries (six and sevenfold complexes). Our thorough investigation on the effect of halidemore » ions on the microscopic structure of water highlights that the perturbation induced by the Cl{sup −}, Br{sup −}, and I{sup −} ions does not extend beyond the ion first hydration shell, and the structure of water in the F{sup −} second shell is also substantially unaffected by the ion.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185 Roma (Italy)
  2. Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A s.s. 14, km 163.5, I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22419950
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DILUTION; FINE STRUCTURE; FREE ENERGY; HALIDES; HYDRATION; INTERACTIONS; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; PERTURBATION THEORY; PROTONS; X RADIATION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Migliorati, Valentina, E-mail: valentina.migliorati@uniroma1.it, Sessa, Francesco, D’Angelo, Paola, E-mail: p.dangelo@uniroma1.it, and Aquilanti, Giuliana. Unraveling halide hydration: A high dilution approach. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4890870.
Migliorati, Valentina, E-mail: valentina.migliorati@uniroma1.it, Sessa, Francesco, D’Angelo, Paola, E-mail: p.dangelo@uniroma1.it, & Aquilanti, Giuliana. Unraveling halide hydration: A high dilution approach. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4890870.
Migliorati, Valentina, E-mail: valentina.migliorati@uniroma1.it, Sessa, Francesco, D’Angelo, Paola, E-mail: p.dangelo@uniroma1.it, and Aquilanti, Giuliana. Mon . "Unraveling halide hydration: A high dilution approach". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4890870.
@article{osti_22419950,
title = {Unraveling halide hydration: A high dilution approach},
author = {Migliorati, Valentina, E-mail: valentina.migliorati@uniroma1.it and Sessa, Francesco and D’Angelo, Paola, E-mail: p.dangelo@uniroma1.it and Aquilanti, Giuliana},
abstractNote = {The hydration properties of halide aqua ions have been investigated combining classical Molecular Dynamics (MD) with Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. Three halide-water interaction potentials recently developed [M. M. Reif and P. H. Hünenberger, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 144104 (2011)], along with three plausible choices for the value of the absolute hydration free energy of the proton (ΔG{sub hyd}{sup ⊖}[H{sup +}]), have been checked for their capability to properly describe the structural properties of halide aqueous solutions, by comparing the MD structural results with EXAFS experimental data. A very good agreement between theory and experiment has been obtained with one parameter set, namely L{sub E}, thus strengthening preliminary evidences for a ΔG{sub hyd}{sup ⊖}[H{sup +}] value of −1100 kJ mol{sup −1} [M. M. Reif and P. H. Hünenberger, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 144104 (2011)]. The Cl{sup −}, Br{sup −}, and I{sup −} ions have been found to form an unstructured and disordered first hydration shell in aqueous solution, with a broad distribution of instantaneous coordination numbers. Conversely, the F{sup −} ion shows more ordered and defined first solvation shell, with only two statistically relevant coordination geometries (six and sevenfold complexes). Our thorough investigation on the effect of halide ions on the microscopic structure of water highlights that the perturbation induced by the Cl{sup −}, Br{sup −}, and I{sup −} ions does not extend beyond the ion first hydration shell, and the structure of water in the F{sup −} second shell is also substantially unaffected by the ion.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4890870},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 141,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
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  • Hadron spectra in high-energy {ital pp}, {ital pA} and {ital AA} collisions are analyzed in a pQCD parton model, including initial k{sub T} and its broadening via initial multiple scattering. Within this model the hadron spectra in both {ital pp} and {ital pA} or {ital AA} collisions can be described very well for p{sub T}{gt}2&hthinsp;GeV/c. The modification of the spectra in {ital pA} and {ital AA} as compared to that in {ital pp} collisions is consistent with multiple parton scattering scenario. Such an analysis will shed new light on the physics one can extract from the single inclusive hadron spectra,more » e.g., freeze-out temperature and flow velocity in a thermal fire-ball model, and parton energy loss in dense matter. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}« less