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Title: P44/WDR77 restricts the sensitivity of proliferating cells to TGFβ signaling

Abstract

Highlights: • P44/WDR77 causes proliferating cells to become non-responsive to TGFβ signaling. • P44/WDR77 down-regulates TβRII and TβR2 expression. • P44/WDR77 down-regulated TGFβ signaling correlates with lung tumorigenesis. - Abstract: We previously reported that a novel WD-40 domain-containing protein, p44/WDR77, drives quiescent epithelial cells to re-enter the cell cycle and plays an essential role for growth of lung and prostate cancer cells. Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling is important in the maintenance of non-transformed cells in the quiescent or slowly cycling stage. However, both non-transformed proliferating cells and human cancer cells are non-responsive to endogenous TGFβ signaling. The mechanism by which proliferating cells become refractory to TGFβ inhibition is not well established. Here, we found that silencing p44/WDR77 increased cellular sensitivity to TGFβ signaling and that this was inversely correlated with decreased cell proliferation. Smad2 or 3 phosphorylation, TGFβ-mediated transcription, and TGFβ2 and TGFβ receptor type II (TβRII) expression were dramatically induced by silencing of p44/WDR77. These data support the hypothesis that p44/WDR77 down-regulates the expression of the TGFβ ligand and its receptor, thereby leading to a cellular non-response to TGFβ signaling. Finally, we found that p44/WDR77 expression was correlated with cell proliferation and decreased TGFβ signaling during lungmore » tumorigenesis. Together, these results suggest that p44/WDR77 expression causes the non-sensitivity of proliferating cells to TGFβ signaling, thereby contributing to cellular proliferation during lung tumorigenesis.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1277 Jiefang Road, Wuhan, Hubei 430022 (China)
  2. (United States)
  3. Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)
  4. Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710038 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22416636
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications; Journal Volume: 450; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CELL CYCLE; CELL PROLIFERATION; GROWTH FACTORS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; INHIBITION; LIGANDS; LUNGS; MAINTENANCE; NEOPLASMS; PHOSPHORYLATION; PROSTATE; RECEPTORS; SENSITIVITY; TRANSCRIPTION

Citation Formats

Yi, Pengfei, Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, Gao, Shen, Gu, Zhongping, Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, Huang, Tao, and Wang, Zhengxin, E-mail: zhenwang@mdanderson.org. P44/WDR77 restricts the sensitivity of proliferating cells to TGFβ signaling. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1016/J.BBRC.2014.05.125.
Yi, Pengfei, Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, Gao, Shen, Gu, Zhongping, Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, Huang, Tao, & Wang, Zhengxin, E-mail: zhenwang@mdanderson.org. P44/WDR77 restricts the sensitivity of proliferating cells to TGFβ signaling. United States. doi:10.1016/J.BBRC.2014.05.125.
Yi, Pengfei, Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, Gao, Shen, Gu, Zhongping, Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, Huang, Tao, and Wang, Zhengxin, E-mail: zhenwang@mdanderson.org. Fri . "P44/WDR77 restricts the sensitivity of proliferating cells to TGFβ signaling". United States. doi:10.1016/J.BBRC.2014.05.125.
@article{osti_22416636,
title = {P44/WDR77 restricts the sensitivity of proliferating cells to TGFβ signaling},
author = {Yi, Pengfei and Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030 and Gao, Shen and Gu, Zhongping and Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030 and Huang, Tao and Wang, Zhengxin, E-mail: zhenwang@mdanderson.org},
abstractNote = {Highlights: • P44/WDR77 causes proliferating cells to become non-responsive to TGFβ signaling. • P44/WDR77 down-regulates TβRII and TβR2 expression. • P44/WDR77 down-regulated TGFβ signaling correlates with lung tumorigenesis. - Abstract: We previously reported that a novel WD-40 domain-containing protein, p44/WDR77, drives quiescent epithelial cells to re-enter the cell cycle and plays an essential role for growth of lung and prostate cancer cells. Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling is important in the maintenance of non-transformed cells in the quiescent or slowly cycling stage. However, both non-transformed proliferating cells and human cancer cells are non-responsive to endogenous TGFβ signaling. The mechanism by which proliferating cells become refractory to TGFβ inhibition is not well established. Here, we found that silencing p44/WDR77 increased cellular sensitivity to TGFβ signaling and that this was inversely correlated with decreased cell proliferation. Smad2 or 3 phosphorylation, TGFβ-mediated transcription, and TGFβ2 and TGFβ receptor type II (TβRII) expression were dramatically induced by silencing of p44/WDR77. These data support the hypothesis that p44/WDR77 down-regulates the expression of the TGFβ ligand and its receptor, thereby leading to a cellular non-response to TGFβ signaling. Finally, we found that p44/WDR77 expression was correlated with cell proliferation and decreased TGFβ signaling during lung tumorigenesis. Together, these results suggest that p44/WDR77 expression causes the non-sensitivity of proliferating cells to TGFβ signaling, thereby contributing to cellular proliferation during lung tumorigenesis.},
doi = {10.1016/J.BBRC.2014.05.125},
journal = {Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 450,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jul 18 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Fri Jul 18 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
  • Exposure to arsenic results in several types of cancers as well as heart disease. A major contributor to ischemic heart pathologies is coronary artery disease, however the influences by environmental arsenic in this disease process are not known. Similarly, the impact of toxicants on blood vessel formation and function during development has not been studied. During embryogenesis, the epicardium undergoes proliferation, migration, and differentiation into several cardiac cell types including smooth muscle cells which contribute to the coronary vessels. The TGFβ family of ligands and receptors is essential for developmental cardiac epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and differentiation into coronarymore » smooth muscle cells. In this in vitro study, 18 hour exposure to 1.34 μM arsenite disrupted developmental EMT programming in murine epicardial cells causing a deficit in cardiac mesenchyme. The expression of EMT genes including TGFβ2, TGFβ receptor-3, Snail, and Has-2 are decreased in a dose-dependent manner following exposure to arsenite. TGFβ2 cell signaling is abrogated as detected by decreases in phosphorylated Smad2/3 when cells are exposed to 1.34 μM arsenite. There is also loss of nuclear accumulation pSmad due to arsenite exposure. These observations coincide with a decrease in vimentin positive mesenchymal cells invading three-dimensional collagen gels. However, arsenite does not block TGFβ2 mediated smooth muscle cell differentiation by epicardial cells. Overall these results show that arsenic exposure blocks developmental EMT gene programming in murine coronary progenitor cells by disrupting TGFβ2 signals and Smad activation, and that smooth muscle cell differentiation is refractory to this arsenic toxicity. - Highlights: • Arsenic blocks TGFβ2 induced expression of EMT genes. • Arsenic blocks TGFβ2 triggered Smad2/3 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. • Arsenic blocks epicardial cell differentiation into cardiac mesenchyme. • Arsenic does not block TGFβ2 induced smooth muscle cell differentiation.« less
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  • Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGFβ) is the archetypal member of the TGFβ superfamily of ligands and has pleiotropic functions during normal development, adult tissue homeostasis and pathophysiological processes such as cancer. In epithelial cancers TGFβ signaling can either suppress tumor growth or promote metastasis via the induction of a well-characterized epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) program. We recently reported that PEAK1 kinase mediates signaling cross talk between TGFβ receptors and integrin/Src/MAPK pathways and functions as a critical molecular regulator of TGFβ-induced breast cancer cell proliferation, migration, EMT and metastasis. Here, we examined the breast cancer cell contexts in which TGFβ induces bothmore » EMT and PEAK1, and discovered this event to be unique to oncogene-transformed mammary epithelial cells and triple-negative breast cancer cells. Using the Cancer BioPortal database, we identified PEAK1 co-expressors across multiple malignancies that are also common to the TGFβ response gene signature (TBRS). We then used the ScanSite database to identify predicted protein–protein binding partners of PEAK1 and the PEAK1-TBRS co-expressors. Analysis of the Cytoscape interactome and Babelomics-derived gene ontologies for a novel gene set including PEAK1, CRK, ZEB1, IL11 and COL4A1 enabled us to hypothesize that PEAK1 may be regulating TGFβ-induced EMT via its interaction with or regulation of these other genes. In this regard, we have demonstrated that PEAK1 is necessary for TGFβ to induce ZEB1-mediated EMT in the context of fibronectin/ITGB3 activation. These studies and future mechanistic studies will pave the way toward identifying the context in which TGFβ blockade may significantly improve breast cancer patient outcomes. - Highlights: • PEAK1 is upregulated in mammary epithelial cells during TGFβ-induced EMT. • TGFβ-induced EMT upregulates PEAK1 in triple negative breast cancer. • PEAK1 is necessary for TGFβ/fibronectin-induced ZEB1 expression during EMT. • The PEAK1/CRK/ZEB1 pathway is a novel target for blocking EMT in breast cancer.« less
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