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Title: Dopant effects on 2-ethyl-1-hexanol: A dual-channel impedance spectroscopy and neutron scattering study

Abstract

A two-channel impedance technique has been used to study the relaxation behavior of 2-ethyl-1-hexanol with polar and non-polar dopants at the few percent concentration level over a wide temperature and frequency range. The non-polar dopants shift both the Debye and the primary structural relaxation time in the same direction, to shorter times for 3-methylpentane and to longer times for squalane, consistent with the relative glass transition temperatures (T{sub g}) of the components. By contrast, polar dopants such as water or methanol modify the α-process towards slower dynamics and increased amplitude, while the Debye process is accelerated and with a decreased amplitude. This effect of adding water to alcohol is explained by water promoting more compact structures with reduced Kirkwood correlation factors. This picture is consistent with a shift in the neutron scattering pre-peak to lower scattering vectors and with simulation work on alcohol-water systems.

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604 (United States)
  2. Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, CNRS /CEA -UMR 12, DSM/IRAMIS/LLB CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415464
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AMPLITUDES; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CORRELATIONS; DOPED MATERIALS; GLASS; IMPEDANCE; METHANOL; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; RELAXATION TIME; SQUALANE; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; WATER

Citation Formats

Singh, Lokendra P., Richert, Ranko, E-mail: ranko@asu.edu, Raihane, Ahmed, and Alba-Simionesco, Christiane. Dopant effects on 2-ethyl-1-hexanol: A dual-channel impedance spectroscopy and neutron scattering study. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4904908.
Singh, Lokendra P., Richert, Ranko, E-mail: ranko@asu.edu, Raihane, Ahmed, & Alba-Simionesco, Christiane. Dopant effects on 2-ethyl-1-hexanol: A dual-channel impedance spectroscopy and neutron scattering study. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4904908.
Singh, Lokendra P., Richert, Ranko, E-mail: ranko@asu.edu, Raihane, Ahmed, and Alba-Simionesco, Christiane. Wed . "Dopant effects on 2-ethyl-1-hexanol: A dual-channel impedance spectroscopy and neutron scattering study". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4904908.
@article{osti_22415464,
title = {Dopant effects on 2-ethyl-1-hexanol: A dual-channel impedance spectroscopy and neutron scattering study},
author = {Singh, Lokendra P. and Richert, Ranko, E-mail: ranko@asu.edu and Raihane, Ahmed and Alba-Simionesco, Christiane},
abstractNote = {A two-channel impedance technique has been used to study the relaxation behavior of 2-ethyl-1-hexanol with polar and non-polar dopants at the few percent concentration level over a wide temperature and frequency range. The non-polar dopants shift both the Debye and the primary structural relaxation time in the same direction, to shorter times for 3-methylpentane and to longer times for squalane, consistent with the relative glass transition temperatures (T{sub g}) of the components. By contrast, polar dopants such as water or methanol modify the α-process towards slower dynamics and increased amplitude, while the Debye process is accelerated and with a decreased amplitude. This effect of adding water to alcohol is explained by water promoting more compact structures with reduced Kirkwood correlation factors. This picture is consistent with a shift in the neutron scattering pre-peak to lower scattering vectors and with simulation work on alcohol-water systems.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4904908},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 142,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Wed Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}