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Title: Cyst-based measurements for assessing lymphangioleiomyomatosis in computed tomography

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of a new family of measurements made on individual pulmonary cysts extracted from computed tomography (CT) for assessing the severity of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). Methods: CT images were analyzed using thresholding to identify a cystic region of interest from chest CT of LAM patients. Individual cysts were then extracted from the cystic region by the watershed algorithm, which separates individual cysts based on subtle edges within the cystic regions. A family of measurements were then computed, which quantify the amount, distribution, and boundary appearance of the cysts. Sequential floating feature selection was used to select a small subset of features for quantification of the severity of LAM. Adjusted R{sup 2} from multiple linear regression and R{sup 2} from linear regression against measurements from spirometry were used to compare the performance of our proposed measurements with currently used density based CT measurements in the literature, namely, the relative area measure and the D measure. Results: Volumetric CT data, performed at total lung capacity and residual volume, from a total of 49 subjects enrolled in the MILES trial were used in our study. Our proposed measures had adjusted R{sup 2} ranging from 0.42 to 0.59 when regressing againstmore » the spirometry measures, with p < 0.05. For previously used density based CT measurements in the literature, the best R{sup 2} was 0.46 (for only one instance), with the majority being lower than 0.3 or p > 0.05. Conclusions: The proposed family of CT-based cyst measurements have better correlation with spirometric measures than previously used density based CT measurements. They show potential as a sensitive tool for quantitatively assessing the severity of LAM.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Center for Computer Vision and Imaging Biomarkers, Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024 (United States)
  2. Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22413547
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Medical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-2405
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ALGORITHMS; CAT SCANNING; CHEST; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; LUNGS; PATIENTS

Citation Formats

Lo, P., E-mail: pechinlo@mednet.edu.ucla, Brown, M. S., Kim, H., Kim, H., Goldin, J. G., Argula, R., and Strange, C. Cyst-based measurements for assessing lymphangioleiomyomatosis in computed tomography. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4916655.
Lo, P., E-mail: pechinlo@mednet.edu.ucla, Brown, M. S., Kim, H., Kim, H., Goldin, J. G., Argula, R., & Strange, C. Cyst-based measurements for assessing lymphangioleiomyomatosis in computed tomography. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4916655.
Lo, P., E-mail: pechinlo@mednet.edu.ucla, Brown, M. S., Kim, H., Kim, H., Goldin, J. G., Argula, R., and Strange, C. Fri . "Cyst-based measurements for assessing lymphangioleiomyomatosis in computed tomography". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4916655.
@article{osti_22413547,
title = {Cyst-based measurements for assessing lymphangioleiomyomatosis in computed tomography},
author = {Lo, P., E-mail: pechinlo@mednet.edu.ucla and Brown, M. S. and Kim, H. and Kim, H. and Goldin, J. G. and Argula, R. and Strange, C.},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of a new family of measurements made on individual pulmonary cysts extracted from computed tomography (CT) for assessing the severity of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). Methods: CT images were analyzed using thresholding to identify a cystic region of interest from chest CT of LAM patients. Individual cysts were then extracted from the cystic region by the watershed algorithm, which separates individual cysts based on subtle edges within the cystic regions. A family of measurements were then computed, which quantify the amount, distribution, and boundary appearance of the cysts. Sequential floating feature selection was used to select a small subset of features for quantification of the severity of LAM. Adjusted R{sup 2} from multiple linear regression and R{sup 2} from linear regression against measurements from spirometry were used to compare the performance of our proposed measurements with currently used density based CT measurements in the literature, namely, the relative area measure and the D measure. Results: Volumetric CT data, performed at total lung capacity and residual volume, from a total of 49 subjects enrolled in the MILES trial were used in our study. Our proposed measures had adjusted R{sup 2} ranging from 0.42 to 0.59 when regressing against the spirometry measures, with p < 0.05. For previously used density based CT measurements in the literature, the best R{sup 2} was 0.46 (for only one instance), with the majority being lower than 0.3 or p > 0.05. Conclusions: The proposed family of CT-based cyst measurements have better correlation with spirometric measures than previously used density based CT measurements. They show potential as a sensitive tool for quantitatively assessing the severity of LAM.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4916655},
journal = {Medical Physics},
issn = {0094-2405},
number = 5,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}