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Title: Characterization of the Exradin W1 scintillator for use in radiotherapy

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the main characteristics of the Exradin W1 scintillator as a dosimeter and to estimate measurement uncertainties when used in radiotherapy. Methods: We studied the calibration procedure, energy and modality dependence, short-term repeatability, dose-response linearity, angular dependence, temperature dependence, time to reach thermal equilibrium, dose-rate dependence, water-equivalent depth of the effective measurement point, and long-term stability. An uncertainty budget was derived for relative and absolute dose measurements in photon and electron beams. Results: Exradin W1 showed a temperature dependence of −0.225% °C{sup −1}. The loss of sensitivity with accumulated dose decreased with use. The sensitivity of Exradin W1 was energy independent for high-energy photon and electron beams. All remaining dependencies of Exradin W1 were around or below 0.5%, leading to an uncertainty budget of about 1%. When a dual channel electrometer with automatic trigger was not used, timing effects became significant, increasing uncertainties by one order of magnitude. Conclusions: The Exradin W1 response is energy independent for high energy x-rays and electron beams, and only one calibration coefficient is needed. A temperature correction factor should be applied to keep uncertainties around 2% for absolute dose measurements and around 1% for relative measurements in high-energy photon and electron beams.more » The Exradin W1 scintillator is an excellent alternative to detectors such as diodes for relative dose measurements.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Servei de Radiofísica i Radioprotecció, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Sant Antoni Maria Claret 167, Barcelona 08025 (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22413384
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2015 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; DOSEMETERS; ELECTRON BEAMS; PHOTON BEAMS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; SENSITIVITY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM

Citation Formats

Carrasco, P., E-mail: pcarrasco@santpau.cat, Jornet, N., Jordi, O., Lizondo, M., Latorre-Musoll, A., Eudaldo, T., Ruiz, A., and Ribas, M. Characterization of the Exradin W1 scintillator for use in radiotherapy. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1118/1.4903757.
Carrasco, P., E-mail: pcarrasco@santpau.cat, Jornet, N., Jordi, O., Lizondo, M., Latorre-Musoll, A., Eudaldo, T., Ruiz, A., & Ribas, M. Characterization of the Exradin W1 scintillator for use in radiotherapy. United States. doi:10.1118/1.4903757.
Carrasco, P., E-mail: pcarrasco@santpau.cat, Jornet, N., Jordi, O., Lizondo, M., Latorre-Musoll, A., Eudaldo, T., Ruiz, A., and Ribas, M. Thu . "Characterization of the Exradin W1 scintillator for use in radiotherapy". United States. doi:10.1118/1.4903757.
@article{osti_22413384,
title = {Characterization of the Exradin W1 scintillator for use in radiotherapy},
author = {Carrasco, P., E-mail: pcarrasco@santpau.cat and Jornet, N. and Jordi, O. and Lizondo, M. and Latorre-Musoll, A. and Eudaldo, T. and Ruiz, A. and Ribas, M.},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To evaluate the main characteristics of the Exradin W1 scintillator as a dosimeter and to estimate measurement uncertainties when used in radiotherapy. Methods: We studied the calibration procedure, energy and modality dependence, short-term repeatability, dose-response linearity, angular dependence, temperature dependence, time to reach thermal equilibrium, dose-rate dependence, water-equivalent depth of the effective measurement point, and long-term stability. An uncertainty budget was derived for relative and absolute dose measurements in photon and electron beams. Results: Exradin W1 showed a temperature dependence of −0.225% °C{sup −1}. The loss of sensitivity with accumulated dose decreased with use. The sensitivity of Exradin W1 was energy independent for high-energy photon and electron beams. All remaining dependencies of Exradin W1 were around or below 0.5%, leading to an uncertainty budget of about 1%. When a dual channel electrometer with automatic trigger was not used, timing effects became significant, increasing uncertainties by one order of magnitude. Conclusions: The Exradin W1 response is energy independent for high energy x-rays and electron beams, and only one calibration coefficient is needed. A temperature correction factor should be applied to keep uncertainties around 2% for absolute dose measurements and around 1% for relative measurements in high-energy photon and electron beams. The Exradin W1 scintillator is an excellent alternative to detectors such as diodes for relative dose measurements.},
doi = {10.1118/1.4903757},
journal = {Medical Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}