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Title: Enhanced flexoelectricity through residual ferroelectricity in barium strontium titanate

Abstract

Residual ferroelectricity is observed in barium strontium titanate ceramics over 30 °C above the global phase transition temperature, in the same temperature range in which anomalously large flexoelectric coefficients are reported. The application of a strain gradient leads to strain gradient-induced poling or flexoelectric poling. This was observed by the development of a remanent polarization in flexoelectric measurements, an induced d{sub 33} piezoelectric response even after the strain gradient was removed, and the production of an internal bias of 9 kV m{sup −1}. It is concluded that residual ferroelectric response considerably enhances the observed flexoelectric response.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22413210
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PIEZOELECTRICITY; POLARIZATION; STRAINS; STRONTIUM TITANATES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE

Citation Formats

Garten, Lauren M., E-mail: lmg309@psu.edu, and Trolier-McKinstry, Susan. Enhanced flexoelectricity through residual ferroelectricity in barium strontium titanate. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4913858.
Garten, Lauren M., E-mail: lmg309@psu.edu, & Trolier-McKinstry, Susan. Enhanced flexoelectricity through residual ferroelectricity in barium strontium titanate. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913858.
Garten, Lauren M., E-mail: lmg309@psu.edu, and Trolier-McKinstry, Susan. Sat . "Enhanced flexoelectricity through residual ferroelectricity in barium strontium titanate". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913858.
@article{osti_22413210,
title = {Enhanced flexoelectricity through residual ferroelectricity in barium strontium titanate},
author = {Garten, Lauren M., E-mail: lmg309@psu.edu and Trolier-McKinstry, Susan},
abstractNote = {Residual ferroelectricity is observed in barium strontium titanate ceramics over 30 °C above the global phase transition temperature, in the same temperature range in which anomalously large flexoelectric coefficients are reported. The application of a strain gradient leads to strain gradient-induced poling or flexoelectric poling. This was observed by the development of a remanent polarization in flexoelectric measurements, an induced d{sub 33} piezoelectric response even after the strain gradient was removed, and the production of an internal bias of 9 kV m{sup −1}. It is concluded that residual ferroelectric response considerably enhances the observed flexoelectric response.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4913858},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 9,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Mar 07 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sat Mar 07 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}