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Title: Fluorescence imaging of lattice re-distribution on step-index direct laser written Nd:YAG waveguide lasers

Abstract

The laser performance and crystalline micro-structural properties of near-infrared step-index channel waveguides fabricated inside Neodymium doped YAG laser ceramics by means of three-dimensional sub-picosecond pulse laser direct writing are reported. Fluorescence micro-mapping of the waveguide cross-sections reveals that an essential crystal lattice re-distribution has been induced after short pulse irradiation. Such lattice re-distribution is evidenced at the waveguide core corresponding to the laser written refractive index increased volume. The waveguides core surroundings also present diverse changes including slight lattice disorder and bi-axial strain fields. The step-index waveguide laser performance is compared with previous laser fabricated waveguides with a stress-optic guiding mechanism in absence of laser induced lattice re-distribution.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4]; ;  [2];  [5]
  1. Departamento de Física de Materiales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid 28049 (Spain)
  2. Departament de Química Física i Inorgànica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona 43007 (Spain)
  3. (United Kingdom)
  4. (Canada)
  5. Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412808
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CERAMICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CROSS SECTIONS; DOPED MATERIALS; FLUORESCENCE; MAPPING; MICROSTRUCTURE; NEODYMIUM LASERS; PERFORMANCE; PULSED IRRADIATION; REFRACTIVE INDEX; STRAINS; STRESSES; WAVEGUIDES

Citation Formats

Martínez de Mendívil, Jon, Pérez Delgado, Alberto, Lifante, Ginés, Jaque, Daniel, Ródenas, Airán, Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Benayas, Antonio, E-mail: antonio.benayas@emt.inrs.ca, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre – Énergie Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650, Boul. Lionel Boulet Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2, Aguiló, Magdalena, Diaz, Francesc, and Kar, Ajoy K. Fluorescence imaging of lattice re-distribution on step-index direct laser written Nd:YAG waveguide lasers. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4905318.
Martínez de Mendívil, Jon, Pérez Delgado, Alberto, Lifante, Ginés, Jaque, Daniel, Ródenas, Airán, Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Benayas, Antonio, E-mail: antonio.benayas@emt.inrs.ca, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre – Énergie Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650, Boul. Lionel Boulet Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2, Aguiló, Magdalena, Diaz, Francesc, & Kar, Ajoy K. Fluorescence imaging of lattice re-distribution on step-index direct laser written Nd:YAG waveguide lasers. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905318.
Martínez de Mendívil, Jon, Pérez Delgado, Alberto, Lifante, Ginés, Jaque, Daniel, Ródenas, Airán, Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Benayas, Antonio, E-mail: antonio.benayas@emt.inrs.ca, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre – Énergie Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650, Boul. Lionel Boulet Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2, Aguiló, Magdalena, Diaz, Francesc, and Kar, Ajoy K. Wed . "Fluorescence imaging of lattice re-distribution on step-index direct laser written Nd:YAG waveguide lasers". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905318.
@article{osti_22412808,
title = {Fluorescence imaging of lattice re-distribution on step-index direct laser written Nd:YAG waveguide lasers},
author = {Martínez de Mendívil, Jon and Pérez Delgado, Alberto and Lifante, Ginés and Jaque, Daniel and Ródenas, Airán and Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS and Benayas, Antonio, E-mail: antonio.benayas@emt.inrs.ca and Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre – Énergie Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650, Boul. Lionel Boulet Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 and Aguiló, Magdalena and Diaz, Francesc and Kar, Ajoy K.},
abstractNote = {The laser performance and crystalline micro-structural properties of near-infrared step-index channel waveguides fabricated inside Neodymium doped YAG laser ceramics by means of three-dimensional sub-picosecond pulse laser direct writing are reported. Fluorescence micro-mapping of the waveguide cross-sections reveals that an essential crystal lattice re-distribution has been induced after short pulse irradiation. Such lattice re-distribution is evidenced at the waveguide core corresponding to the laser written refractive index increased volume. The waveguides core surroundings also present diverse changes including slight lattice disorder and bi-axial strain fields. The step-index waveguide laser performance is compared with previous laser fabricated waveguides with a stress-optic guiding mechanism in absence of laser induced lattice re-distribution.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4905318},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 2,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 14 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Wed Jan 14 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}