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Title: Experimental multiplexing of quantum key distribution with classical optical communication

Abstract

We demonstrate the realization of quantum key distribution (QKD) when combined with classical optical communication, and synchronous signals within a single optical fiber. In the experiment, the classical communication sources use Fabry-Pérot (FP) lasers, which are implemented extensively in optical access networks. To perform QKD, multistage band-stop filtering techniques are developed, and a wavelength-division multiplexing scheme is designed for the multi-longitudinal-mode FP lasers. We have managed to maintain sufficient isolation among the quantum channel, the synchronous channel and the classical channels to guarantee good QKD performance. Finally, the quantum bit error rate remains below a level of 2% across the entire practical application range. The proposed multiplexing scheme can ensure low classical light loss, and enables QKD over fiber lengths of up to 45 km simultaneously when the fibers are populated with bidirectional FP laser communications. Our demonstration paves the way for application of QKD to current optical access networks, where FP lasers are widely used by the end users.

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2]; ; ; ;  [1];  [3]
  1. Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)
  2. Quantum Communication Technology Co., Ltd., Anhui, Hefei, Anhui 230088 (China)
  3. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412678
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COMMUNICATIONS; DESIGN; FILTERS; LASERS; LOSSES; OPTICAL FIBERS; PERFORMANCE; QUANTUM MECHANICS; QUBITS; SIGNALS; VISIBLE RADIATION; WAVELENGTHS

Citation Formats

Wang, Liu-Jun, Chen, Luo-Kan, Ju, Lei, Xu, Mu-Lan, Zhao, Yong, Chen, Kai, Chen, Zeng-Bing, Chen, Teng-Yun, E-mail: tychen@ustc.edu.cn, Pan, Jian-Wei, and CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026. Experimental multiplexing of quantum key distribution with classical optical communication. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4913483.
Wang, Liu-Jun, Chen, Luo-Kan, Ju, Lei, Xu, Mu-Lan, Zhao, Yong, Chen, Kai, Chen, Zeng-Bing, Chen, Teng-Yun, E-mail: tychen@ustc.edu.cn, Pan, Jian-Wei, & CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026. Experimental multiplexing of quantum key distribution with classical optical communication. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913483.
Wang, Liu-Jun, Chen, Luo-Kan, Ju, Lei, Xu, Mu-Lan, Zhao, Yong, Chen, Kai, Chen, Zeng-Bing, Chen, Teng-Yun, E-mail: tychen@ustc.edu.cn, Pan, Jian-Wei, and CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026. Mon . "Experimental multiplexing of quantum key distribution with classical optical communication". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913483.
@article{osti_22412678,
title = {Experimental multiplexing of quantum key distribution with classical optical communication},
author = {Wang, Liu-Jun and Chen, Luo-Kan and Ju, Lei and Xu, Mu-Lan and Zhao, Yong and Chen, Kai and Chen, Zeng-Bing and Chen, Teng-Yun, E-mail: tychen@ustc.edu.cn and Pan, Jian-Wei and CAS Center for Excellence and Synergetic Innovation Center in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026},
abstractNote = {We demonstrate the realization of quantum key distribution (QKD) when combined with classical optical communication, and synchronous signals within a single optical fiber. In the experiment, the classical communication sources use Fabry-Pérot (FP) lasers, which are implemented extensively in optical access networks. To perform QKD, multistage band-stop filtering techniques are developed, and a wavelength-division multiplexing scheme is designed for the multi-longitudinal-mode FP lasers. We have managed to maintain sufficient isolation among the quantum channel, the synchronous channel and the classical channels to guarantee good QKD performance. Finally, the quantum bit error rate remains below a level of 2% across the entire practical application range. The proposed multiplexing scheme can ensure low classical light loss, and enables QKD over fiber lengths of up to 45 km simultaneously when the fibers are populated with bidirectional FP laser communications. Our demonstration paves the way for application of QKD to current optical access networks, where FP lasers are widely used by the end users.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4913483},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 8,
volume = 106,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Feb 23 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Mon Feb 23 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}