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Title: Generation and pointing stabilization of multi-GeV electron beams from a laser plasma accelerator driven in a pre-formed plasma waveguide

Abstract

Laser pulses with peak power 0.3 PW were used to generate electron beams with energy >4 GeV within a 9 cm-long capillary discharge waveguide operated with a plasma density of ≈7×10{sup 17} cm{sup −3}. Simulations showed that the super-Gaussian near-field laser profile that is typical of high-power femtosecond laser systems reduces the efficacy of guiding in parabolic plasma channels compared with the Gaussian laser pulses that are typically simulated. In the experiments, this was mitigated by increasing the plasma density and hence the contribution of self-guiding. This allowed for the generation of multi-GeV electron beams, but these had angular fluctuation ≳2 mrad rms. Mitigation of capillary damage and more accurate alignment allowed for stable beams to be produced with energy 2.7±0.1 GeV. The pointing fluctuation was 0.6 mrad rms, which was less than the beam divergence of ≲1 mrad full-width-half-maximum.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410418
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CAPILLARIES; ELECTRON BEAMS; FLUCTUATIONS; GEV RANGE; LASERS; PEAK LOAD; PLASMA DENSITY; PLASMA GUNS; PULSES; SIMULATION; STABILIZATION; WAVEGUIDES

Citation Formats

Gonsalves, A. J., Nakamura, K., Daniels, J., Mao, H.-S., Benedetti, C., Schroeder, C. B., Tóth, Cs., Tilborg, J. van, Vay, J.-L., Geddes, C. G. R., Esarey, E., Mittelberger, D. E., Bulanov, S. S., Leemans, W. P., E-mail: WPLeemans@lbl.gov, and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720. Generation and pointing stabilization of multi-GeV electron beams from a laser plasma accelerator driven in a pre-formed plasma waveguide. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4919278.
Gonsalves, A. J., Nakamura, K., Daniels, J., Mao, H.-S., Benedetti, C., Schroeder, C. B., Tóth, Cs., Tilborg, J. van, Vay, J.-L., Geddes, C. G. R., Esarey, E., Mittelberger, D. E., Bulanov, S. S., Leemans, W. P., E-mail: WPLeemans@lbl.gov, & Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720. Generation and pointing stabilization of multi-GeV electron beams from a laser plasma accelerator driven in a pre-formed plasma waveguide. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919278.
Gonsalves, A. J., Nakamura, K., Daniels, J., Mao, H.-S., Benedetti, C., Schroeder, C. B., Tóth, Cs., Tilborg, J. van, Vay, J.-L., Geddes, C. G. R., Esarey, E., Mittelberger, D. E., Bulanov, S. S., Leemans, W. P., E-mail: WPLeemans@lbl.gov, and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720. Fri . "Generation and pointing stabilization of multi-GeV electron beams from a laser plasma accelerator driven in a pre-formed plasma waveguide". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919278.
@article{osti_22410418,
title = {Generation and pointing stabilization of multi-GeV electron beams from a laser plasma accelerator driven in a pre-formed plasma waveguide},
author = {Gonsalves, A. J. and Nakamura, K. and Daniels, J. and Mao, H.-S. and Benedetti, C. and Schroeder, C. B. and Tóth, Cs. and Tilborg, J. van and Vay, J.-L. and Geddes, C. G. R. and Esarey, E. and Mittelberger, D. E. and Bulanov, S. S. and Leemans, W. P., E-mail: WPLeemans@lbl.gov and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720},
abstractNote = {Laser pulses with peak power 0.3 PW were used to generate electron beams with energy >4 GeV within a 9 cm-long capillary discharge waveguide operated with a plasma density of ≈7×10{sup 17} cm{sup −3}. Simulations showed that the super-Gaussian near-field laser profile that is typical of high-power femtosecond laser systems reduces the efficacy of guiding in parabolic plasma channels compared with the Gaussian laser pulses that are typically simulated. In the experiments, this was mitigated by increasing the plasma density and hence the contribution of self-guiding. This allowed for the generation of multi-GeV electron beams, but these had angular fluctuation ≳2 mrad rms. Mitigation of capillary damage and more accurate alignment allowed for stable beams to be produced with energy 2.7±0.1 GeV. The pointing fluctuation was 0.6 mrad rms, which was less than the beam divergence of ≲1 mrad full-width-half-maximum.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4919278},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 5,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}