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Title: Spherical strong-shock generation for shock-ignition inertial fusion

Abstract

Recent experiments on the Laboratory for Laser Energetics' OMEGA laser have been carried out to produce strong shocks in solid spherical targets with direct laser illumination. The shocks are launched at pressures of several hundred Mbars and reach Gbar upon convergence. The results are relevant to the validation of the shock-ignition scheme and to the development of an OMEGA experimental platform to study material properties at Gbar pressures. The experiments investigate the strength of the ablation pressure and the hot-electron production at incident laser intensities of ∼2 to 6 × 10{sup 15 }W/cm{sup 2} and demonstrate ablation pressures exceeding 300 Mbar, which is crucial to developing a shock-ignition target design for the National Ignition Facility. The timing of the x-ray flash from shock convergence in the center of the solid plastic target is used to infer the ablation and shock pressures. Laser–plasma instabilities produce hot-electrons with a moderate temperature (<100 keV). The instantaneous conversion efficiencies of laser power into hot-electron power reached up to ∼15% in the intensity spike. The large amount of hot electrons is correlated with an earlier x-ray flash and a strong increase in its magnitude. This suggests that hot electrons contribute to the augmentation of the shock strength.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3]; ;  [4]; more »;  [5]; « less
  1. Laboratory for Laser Energetics and Fusion Science Center, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)
  4. Université de Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications) UMR 5107 F-33400 Talence (France)
  5. University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410406
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ABLATION; ILLUMINANCE; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; KEV RANGE; LASER TARGETS; LASER-PRODUCED PLASMA; OMEGA FACILITY; PLASMA INSTABILITY; PLASTICS; PRESSURE RANGE GIGA PA; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; THERMONUCLEAR IGNITION; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Theobald, W., Seka, W., Lafon, M., Anderson, K. S., Hohenberger, M., Marshall, F. J., Michel, D. T., Solodov, A. A., Stoeckl, C., Edgell, D. H., Yaakobi, B., Shvydky, A., Nora, R., Betti, R., Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623, Casner, A., Reverdin, C., Ribeyre, X., Vallet, A., Peebles, J., Beg, F. N., and and others. Spherical strong-shock generation for shock-ignition inertial fusion. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4920956.
Theobald, W., Seka, W., Lafon, M., Anderson, K. S., Hohenberger, M., Marshall, F. J., Michel, D. T., Solodov, A. A., Stoeckl, C., Edgell, D. H., Yaakobi, B., Shvydky, A., Nora, R., Betti, R., Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623, Casner, A., Reverdin, C., Ribeyre, X., Vallet, A., Peebles, J., Beg, F. N., & and others. Spherical strong-shock generation for shock-ignition inertial fusion. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4920956.
Theobald, W., Seka, W., Lafon, M., Anderson, K. S., Hohenberger, M., Marshall, F. J., Michel, D. T., Solodov, A. A., Stoeckl, C., Edgell, D. H., Yaakobi, B., Shvydky, A., Nora, R., Betti, R., Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623, Casner, A., Reverdin, C., Ribeyre, X., Vallet, A., Peebles, J., Beg, F. N., and and others. Fri . "Spherical strong-shock generation for shock-ignition inertial fusion". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4920956.
@article{osti_22410406,
title = {Spherical strong-shock generation for shock-ignition inertial fusion},
author = {Theobald, W. and Seka, W. and Lafon, M. and Anderson, K. S. and Hohenberger, M. and Marshall, F. J. and Michel, D. T. and Solodov, A. A. and Stoeckl, C. and Edgell, D. H. and Yaakobi, B. and Shvydky, A. and Nora, R. and Betti, R. and Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 and Casner, A. and Reverdin, C. and Ribeyre, X. and Vallet, A. and Peebles, J. and Beg, F. N. and and others},
abstractNote = {Recent experiments on the Laboratory for Laser Energetics' OMEGA laser have been carried out to produce strong shocks in solid spherical targets with direct laser illumination. The shocks are launched at pressures of several hundred Mbars and reach Gbar upon convergence. The results are relevant to the validation of the shock-ignition scheme and to the development of an OMEGA experimental platform to study material properties at Gbar pressures. The experiments investigate the strength of the ablation pressure and the hot-electron production at incident laser intensities of ∼2 to 6 × 10{sup 15 }W/cm{sup 2} and demonstrate ablation pressures exceeding 300 Mbar, which is crucial to developing a shock-ignition target design for the National Ignition Facility. The timing of the x-ray flash from shock convergence in the center of the solid plastic target is used to infer the ablation and shock pressures. Laser–plasma instabilities produce hot-electrons with a moderate temperature (<100 keV). The instantaneous conversion efficiencies of laser power into hot-electron power reached up to ∼15% in the intensity spike. The large amount of hot electrons is correlated with an earlier x-ray flash and a strong increase in its magnitude. This suggests that hot electrons contribute to the augmentation of the shock strength.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4920956},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 5,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}