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Title: Adiabat-shaping in indirect drive inertial confinement fusion

Abstract

Adiabat-shaping techniques were investigated in indirect drive inertial confinement fusion experiments on the National Ignition Facility as a means to improve implosion stability, while still maintaining a low adiabat in the fuel. Adiabat-shaping was accomplished in these indirect drive experiments by altering the ratio of the picket and trough energies in the laser pulse shape, thus driving a decaying first shock in the ablator. This decaying first shock is designed to place the ablation front on a high adiabat while keeping the fuel on a low adiabat. These experiments were conducted using the keyhole experimental platform for both three and four shock laser pulses. This platform enabled direct measurement of the shock velocities driven in the glow-discharge polymer capsule and in the liquid deuterium, the surrogate fuel for a DT ignition target. The measured shock velocities and radiation drive histories are compared to previous three and four shock laser pulses. This comparison indicates that in the case of adiabat shaping the ablation front initially drives a high shock velocity, and therefore, a high shock pressure and adiabat. The shock then decays as it travels through the ablator to pressures similar to the original low-adiabat pulses when it reaches the fuel.more » This approach takes advantage of initial high ablation velocity, which favors stability, and high-compression, which favors high stagnation pressures.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] more »; « less
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410319
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ABLATION; CAPSULES; COMPRESSION; DEUTERIUM; GLOW DISCHARGES; IMPLOSIONS; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; LASER RADIATION; LASER TARGETS; PULSE SHAPERS; PULSES; SHOCK WAVES; THERMONUCLEAR FUELS; THERMONUCLEAR IGNITION

Citation Formats

Baker, K. L., Robey, H. F., Milovich, J. L., Jones, O. S., Smalyuk, V. A., Casey, D. T., MacPhee, A. G., Pak, A., Celliers, P. M., Clark, D. S., Landen, O. L., Peterson, J. L., Berzak-Hopkins, L. F., Weber, C. R., Haan, S. W., Döppner, T. D., Dixit, S., Hamza, A. V., Jancaitis, K. S., Kroll, J. J., and and others. Adiabat-shaping in indirect drive inertial confinement fusion. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4919694.
Baker, K. L., Robey, H. F., Milovich, J. L., Jones, O. S., Smalyuk, V. A., Casey, D. T., MacPhee, A. G., Pak, A., Celliers, P. M., Clark, D. S., Landen, O. L., Peterson, J. L., Berzak-Hopkins, L. F., Weber, C. R., Haan, S. W., Döppner, T. D., Dixit, S., Hamza, A. V., Jancaitis, K. S., Kroll, J. J., & and others. Adiabat-shaping in indirect drive inertial confinement fusion. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919694.
Baker, K. L., Robey, H. F., Milovich, J. L., Jones, O. S., Smalyuk, V. A., Casey, D. T., MacPhee, A. G., Pak, A., Celliers, P. M., Clark, D. S., Landen, O. L., Peterson, J. L., Berzak-Hopkins, L. F., Weber, C. R., Haan, S. W., Döppner, T. D., Dixit, S., Hamza, A. V., Jancaitis, K. S., Kroll, J. J., and and others. Fri . "Adiabat-shaping in indirect drive inertial confinement fusion". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919694.
@article{osti_22410319,
title = {Adiabat-shaping in indirect drive inertial confinement fusion},
author = {Baker, K. L. and Robey, H. F. and Milovich, J. L. and Jones, O. S. and Smalyuk, V. A. and Casey, D. T. and MacPhee, A. G. and Pak, A. and Celliers, P. M. and Clark, D. S. and Landen, O. L. and Peterson, J. L. and Berzak-Hopkins, L. F. and Weber, C. R. and Haan, S. W. and Döppner, T. D. and Dixit, S. and Hamza, A. V. and Jancaitis, K. S. and Kroll, J. J. and and others},
abstractNote = {Adiabat-shaping techniques were investigated in indirect drive inertial confinement fusion experiments on the National Ignition Facility as a means to improve implosion stability, while still maintaining a low adiabat in the fuel. Adiabat-shaping was accomplished in these indirect drive experiments by altering the ratio of the picket and trough energies in the laser pulse shape, thus driving a decaying first shock in the ablator. This decaying first shock is designed to place the ablation front on a high adiabat while keeping the fuel on a low adiabat. These experiments were conducted using the keyhole experimental platform for both three and four shock laser pulses. This platform enabled direct measurement of the shock velocities driven in the glow-discharge polymer capsule and in the liquid deuterium, the surrogate fuel for a DT ignition target. The measured shock velocities and radiation drive histories are compared to previous three and four shock laser pulses. This comparison indicates that in the case of adiabat shaping the ablation front initially drives a high shock velocity, and therefore, a high shock pressure and adiabat. The shock then decays as it travels through the ablator to pressures similar to the original low-adiabat pulses when it reaches the fuel. This approach takes advantage of initial high ablation velocity, which favors stability, and high-compression, which favors high stagnation pressures.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4919694},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 5,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}