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Title: Hall effect measurements on thermoelectric Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9}: On how to determine the charge carrier concentration in strongly correlated misfit cobaltites

Abstract

The Hall coefficient R{sub H} and electrical conductivity of misfit calcium cobalt oxide (Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3−δ}){sub q}(CoO{sub 2}) (CCO) were measured at room temperature for different oxygen vacancy concentrations δ. Based on these and numerous previous results, it is shown that the charge carrier concentrations n obtained by the classical formula R{sub H} = 1/ne are between 3 and 6 × 10{sup 20} cm{sup −3} and thereby much lower than those derived by other experimental techniques and fail to explain the observed electric properties of CCO. We show that the experimental results are well described using an earlier proposed t–J-model for strongly correlated electrons on a triangular lattice. The hopping parameter t for CCO was found to be ≈ −20 K and the charge carrier concentration of fully oxidized CCO to be 5.7 × 10{sup 21} cm{sup −3} (0.41 hole type carriers per formula unit), in agreement with other experimental techniques.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, Sem Sælandsvei 26, 0371 Oslo (Norway)
  2. (Norway)
  3. Department of Chemistry, Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, Sem Sælandsvei 26, 0371 Oslo (Norway)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410257
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; CHARGE CARRIERS; COBALT OXIDES; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRON CORRELATION; HALL EFFECT; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; VACANCIES

Citation Formats

Schrade, Matthias, E-mail: matthias.schrade@smn.uio.no, Department of Chemistry, Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, Sem Sælandsvei 26, 0371 Oslo, Norby, Truls, and Finstad, Terje G. Hall effect measurements on thermoelectric Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9}: On how to determine the charge carrier concentration in strongly correlated misfit cobaltites. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4921861.
Schrade, Matthias, E-mail: matthias.schrade@smn.uio.no, Department of Chemistry, Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, Sem Sælandsvei 26, 0371 Oslo, Norby, Truls, & Finstad, Terje G. Hall effect measurements on thermoelectric Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9}: On how to determine the charge carrier concentration in strongly correlated misfit cobaltites. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921861.
Schrade, Matthias, E-mail: matthias.schrade@smn.uio.no, Department of Chemistry, Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, Sem Sælandsvei 26, 0371 Oslo, Norby, Truls, and Finstad, Terje G. Thu . "Hall effect measurements on thermoelectric Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9}: On how to determine the charge carrier concentration in strongly correlated misfit cobaltites". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921861.
@article{osti_22410257,
title = {Hall effect measurements on thermoelectric Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9}: On how to determine the charge carrier concentration in strongly correlated misfit cobaltites},
author = {Schrade, Matthias, E-mail: matthias.schrade@smn.uio.no and Department of Chemistry, Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, Sem Sælandsvei 26, 0371 Oslo and Norby, Truls and Finstad, Terje G.},
abstractNote = {The Hall coefficient R{sub H} and electrical conductivity of misfit calcium cobalt oxide (Ca{sub 2}CoO{sub 3−δ}){sub q}(CoO{sub 2}) (CCO) were measured at room temperature for different oxygen vacancy concentrations δ. Based on these and numerous previous results, it is shown that the charge carrier concentrations n obtained by the classical formula R{sub H} = 1/ne are between 3 and 6 × 10{sup 20} cm{sup −3} and thereby much lower than those derived by other experimental techniques and fail to explain the observed electric properties of CCO. We show that the experimental results are well described using an earlier proposed t–J-model for strongly correlated electrons on a triangular lattice. The hopping parameter t for CCO was found to be ≈ −20 K and the charge carrier concentration of fully oxidized CCO to be 5.7 × 10{sup 21} cm{sup −3} (0.41 hole type carriers per formula unit), in agreement with other experimental techniques.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4921861},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 20,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}