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Title: Effect of surface fields on the dynamic resistance of planar HgCdTe mid-wavelength infrared photodiodes

Abstract

This work investigates the effect of surface fields on the dynamic resistance of a planar HgCdTe mid-wavelength infrared photodiode from both theoretical and experimental aspects, considering a gated n-on-p diode with the surface potential of its p-region modulated. Theoretical models of the surface leakage current are developed, where the surface tunnelling current in the case of accumulation is expressed by modifying the formulation of bulk tunnelling currents, and the surface channel current for strong inversion is simulated with a transmission line method. Experimental data from the fabricated devices show a flat-band voltage of V{sub FB}=−5.7 V by capacitance-voltage measurement, and then the physical parameters for bulk properties are determined from the resistance-voltage characteristics of the diode working at a flat-band gate voltage. With proper values of the modeling parameters such as surface trap density and channel electron mobility, the theoretical R{sub 0}A product and corresponding dark current calculated from the proposed model as functions of the gate voltage V{sub g} demonstrate good consistency with the measured values. The R{sub 0}A product remarkably degenerates when V{sub g} is far below or above V{sub FB} because of the surface tunnelling current or channel current, respectively; and it attains the maximum value of 5.7×10{supmore » 7} Ω · cm{sup 2} around the transition between surface depletion and weak inversion when V{sub g}≈−4 V, which might result from reduced generation-recombination current.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [3]
  1. Key Laboratory of Infrared Imaging Materials and Detectors, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410250
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CADMIUM TELLURIDES; CAPACITANCE; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRON MOBILITY; LEAKAGE CURRENT; MERCURY COMPOUNDS; PHOTODIODES; RECOMBINATION; SURFACE POTENTIAL; SURFACES; TRAPS; TUNNEL EFFECT

Citation Formats

He, Kai, Wang, Xi, Zhang, Peng, Chen, Yi-Yu, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, Zhou, Song-Min, Xie, Xiao-Hui, Lin, Chun, E-mail: chun-lin@mail.sitp.ac.cn, Ye, Zhen-Hua, Wang, Jian-Xin, Zhang, Qin-Yao, E-mail: qinyao@mail.sitp.ac.cn, and Li, Yang. Effect of surface fields on the dynamic resistance of planar HgCdTe mid-wavelength infrared photodiodes. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4921593.
He, Kai, Wang, Xi, Zhang, Peng, Chen, Yi-Yu, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, Zhou, Song-Min, Xie, Xiao-Hui, Lin, Chun, E-mail: chun-lin@mail.sitp.ac.cn, Ye, Zhen-Hua, Wang, Jian-Xin, Zhang, Qin-Yao, E-mail: qinyao@mail.sitp.ac.cn, & Li, Yang. Effect of surface fields on the dynamic resistance of planar HgCdTe mid-wavelength infrared photodiodes. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921593.
He, Kai, Wang, Xi, Zhang, Peng, Chen, Yi-Yu, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, Zhou, Song-Min, Xie, Xiao-Hui, Lin, Chun, E-mail: chun-lin@mail.sitp.ac.cn, Ye, Zhen-Hua, Wang, Jian-Xin, Zhang, Qin-Yao, E-mail: qinyao@mail.sitp.ac.cn, and Li, Yang. Thu . "Effect of surface fields on the dynamic resistance of planar HgCdTe mid-wavelength infrared photodiodes". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921593.
@article{osti_22410250,
title = {Effect of surface fields on the dynamic resistance of planar HgCdTe mid-wavelength infrared photodiodes},
author = {He, Kai and Wang, Xi and Zhang, Peng and Chen, Yi-Yu and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 and Zhou, Song-Min and Xie, Xiao-Hui and Lin, Chun, E-mail: chun-lin@mail.sitp.ac.cn and Ye, Zhen-Hua and Wang, Jian-Xin and Zhang, Qin-Yao, E-mail: qinyao@mail.sitp.ac.cn and Li, Yang},
abstractNote = {This work investigates the effect of surface fields on the dynamic resistance of a planar HgCdTe mid-wavelength infrared photodiode from both theoretical and experimental aspects, considering a gated n-on-p diode with the surface potential of its p-region modulated. Theoretical models of the surface leakage current are developed, where the surface tunnelling current in the case of accumulation is expressed by modifying the formulation of bulk tunnelling currents, and the surface channel current for strong inversion is simulated with a transmission line method. Experimental data from the fabricated devices show a flat-band voltage of V{sub FB}=−5.7 V by capacitance-voltage measurement, and then the physical parameters for bulk properties are determined from the resistance-voltage characteristics of the diode working at a flat-band gate voltage. With proper values of the modeling parameters such as surface trap density and channel electron mobility, the theoretical R{sub 0}A product and corresponding dark current calculated from the proposed model as functions of the gate voltage V{sub g} demonstrate good consistency with the measured values. The R{sub 0}A product remarkably degenerates when V{sub g} is far below or above V{sub FB} because of the surface tunnelling current or channel current, respectively; and it attains the maximum value of 5.7×10{sup 7} Ω · cm{sup 2} around the transition between surface depletion and weak inversion when V{sub g}≈−4 V, which might result from reduced generation-recombination current.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4921593},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 20,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}