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Title: Refining the phase diagram of Pb{sub 1−x}La{sub x}(Zr{sub 0.9}Ti{sub 0.1}){sub 1−x/4}O{sub 3} ceramics by structural, dielectric, and anelastic spectroscopy investigations

Abstract

We present the results of dielectric and anelastic spectroscopy measurements, together with X-ray diffraction investigations, which allow us to establish more precisely the phase diagram of Pb{sub 1−x}La{sub x}(Zr{sub 0.9}Ti{sub 0.1}){sub 1−x/4}O{sub 3} (PLZT x/90/10) in the compositional range around the AFE/FE phase boundary (0 < x < 0.04). From structural analysis and polarization-electric field measurements, we have found that the ground state of PLZT samples with x < 0.025 is rhombohedral R3c, while samples with x > 0.032 are antiferroelectric with orthorhombic Pbam structure. In-between, for compositions with 0.025 ≤ x ≤ 0.032, a coexistence of the AFE/FE phases is evidenced. The use of complementary dielectric and anelastic techniques allows to follow the phase transitions shifts throughout all the interesting composition range and to construct the temperature-composition phase diagram. The tilt instability line, separating the R3c and R3m low and high temperature phases, has been evidenced. Moreover, the new transition, associated with the onset of disordered tilting preceding the long range order of the R3c phase, previously found in Zr-rich Pb(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3}, is confirmed in rhombohedral PLZT x/90/10 compositions.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. CNR-ISC, Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Area della Ricerca di Roma-Tor Vergata, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Roma I-00133 (Italy)
  2. CNR-ISTEC, Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali Ceramici, Via Granarolo 64, Faenza I-48018 (Italy)
  3. (Romania)
  4. Dielectrics, Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics Group, Faculty of Physics, Univ. “A. I. Cuza,” Bv. Carol I, n. 11, Iasi 700506 (Romania)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410180
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CERAMICS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; GROUND STATES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PHASE DIAGRAMS; PHASE STABILITY; PHASE STUDIES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PLZT; REFINING; SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Craciun, F., E-mail: Floriana.Craciun@isc.cnr.it, Cordero, F., Ciuchi, I. V., Dielectrics, Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics Group, Faculty of Physics, Univ. “A. I. Cuza,” Bv. Carol I, n. 11, Iasi 700506, Mitoseriu, L., and Galassi, C. Refining the phase diagram of Pb{sub 1−x}La{sub x}(Zr{sub 0.9}Ti{sub 0.1}){sub 1−x/4}O{sub 3} ceramics by structural, dielectric, and anelastic spectroscopy investigations. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4921111.
Craciun, F., E-mail: Floriana.Craciun@isc.cnr.it, Cordero, F., Ciuchi, I. V., Dielectrics, Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics Group, Faculty of Physics, Univ. “A. I. Cuza,” Bv. Carol I, n. 11, Iasi 700506, Mitoseriu, L., & Galassi, C. Refining the phase diagram of Pb{sub 1−x}La{sub x}(Zr{sub 0.9}Ti{sub 0.1}){sub 1−x/4}O{sub 3} ceramics by structural, dielectric, and anelastic spectroscopy investigations. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921111.
Craciun, F., E-mail: Floriana.Craciun@isc.cnr.it, Cordero, F., Ciuchi, I. V., Dielectrics, Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics Group, Faculty of Physics, Univ. “A. I. Cuza,” Bv. Carol I, n. 11, Iasi 700506, Mitoseriu, L., and Galassi, C. Thu . "Refining the phase diagram of Pb{sub 1−x}La{sub x}(Zr{sub 0.9}Ti{sub 0.1}){sub 1−x/4}O{sub 3} ceramics by structural, dielectric, and anelastic spectroscopy investigations". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921111.
@article{osti_22410180,
title = {Refining the phase diagram of Pb{sub 1−x}La{sub x}(Zr{sub 0.9}Ti{sub 0.1}){sub 1−x/4}O{sub 3} ceramics by structural, dielectric, and anelastic spectroscopy investigations},
author = {Craciun, F., E-mail: Floriana.Craciun@isc.cnr.it and Cordero, F. and Ciuchi, I. V. and Dielectrics, Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics Group, Faculty of Physics, Univ. “A. I. Cuza,” Bv. Carol I, n. 11, Iasi 700506 and Mitoseriu, L. and Galassi, C.},
abstractNote = {We present the results of dielectric and anelastic spectroscopy measurements, together with X-ray diffraction investigations, which allow us to establish more precisely the phase diagram of Pb{sub 1−x}La{sub x}(Zr{sub 0.9}Ti{sub 0.1}){sub 1−x/4}O{sub 3} (PLZT x/90/10) in the compositional range around the AFE/FE phase boundary (0 < x < 0.04). From structural analysis and polarization-electric field measurements, we have found that the ground state of PLZT samples with x < 0.025 is rhombohedral R3c, while samples with x > 0.032 are antiferroelectric with orthorhombic Pbam structure. In-between, for compositions with 0.025 ≤ x ≤ 0.032, a coexistence of the AFE/FE phases is evidenced. The use of complementary dielectric and anelastic techniques allows to follow the phase transitions shifts throughout all the interesting composition range and to construct the temperature-composition phase diagram. The tilt instability line, separating the R3c and R3m low and high temperature phases, has been evidenced. Moreover, the new transition, associated with the onset of disordered tilting preceding the long range order of the R3c phase, previously found in Zr-rich Pb(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3}, is confirmed in rhombohedral PLZT x/90/10 compositions.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4921111},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 18,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}