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Title: Magnetism of hexagonal Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) nanomaterials

Abstract

Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) nanomaterials in the hexagonal Ni{sub 2}In-type crystal structure have been prepared using arc-melting and melt spinning. All the rapidly quenched Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn alloys show moderate saturation magnetizations with the highest value of 458 emu/cm{sup 3} for Mn{sub 1.5}Fe{sub 0.5}Sn, but their Curie temperatures are less than 300 K. All samples except the Cr containing one show spin-glass-like behavior at low temperature. The magnetic anisotropy constants calculated from the high-field magnetization curves at 100 K are on the order of 1 Merg/cm{sup 3}. The vacuum annealing of the ribbons at 550 °C significantly improved their magnetic properties with the Curie temperature increasing from 206 K to 273 K for Mn{sub 1.5}Fe{sub 0.5}Sn.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, South Dakota State University, Brookings, South Dakota 57007 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410054
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANNEALING; CHROMIUM; COBALT; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CURIE POINT; HEXAGONAL LATTICES; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; IRON; MAGNETIC MATERIALS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETISM; MAGNETIZATION; MANGANESE; MELTING; NANOMATERIALS; SPIN GLASS STATE; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TIN

Citation Formats

Fuglsby, R., Kharel, P., E-mail: parashu.kharel@sdstate.edu, Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, Zhang, W., Sellmyer, D. J., Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, Valloppilly, S., and Huh, Y. Magnetism of hexagonal Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) nanomaterials. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4913821.
Fuglsby, R., Kharel, P., E-mail: parashu.kharel@sdstate.edu, Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, Zhang, W., Sellmyer, D. J., Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, Valloppilly, S., & Huh, Y. Magnetism of hexagonal Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) nanomaterials. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913821.
Fuglsby, R., Kharel, P., E-mail: parashu.kharel@sdstate.edu, Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, Zhang, W., Sellmyer, D. J., Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, Valloppilly, S., and Huh, Y. Thu . "Magnetism of hexagonal Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) nanomaterials". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913821.
@article{osti_22410054,
title = {Magnetism of hexagonal Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) nanomaterials},
author = {Fuglsby, R. and Kharel, P., E-mail: parashu.kharel@sdstate.edu and Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 and Zhang, W. and Sellmyer, D. J. and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 and Valloppilly, S. and Huh, Y.},
abstractNote = {Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn (X = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) nanomaterials in the hexagonal Ni{sub 2}In-type crystal structure have been prepared using arc-melting and melt spinning. All the rapidly quenched Mn{sub 1.5}X{sub 0.5}Sn alloys show moderate saturation magnetizations with the highest value of 458 emu/cm{sup 3} for Mn{sub 1.5}Fe{sub 0.5}Sn, but their Curie temperatures are less than 300 K. All samples except the Cr containing one show spin-glass-like behavior at low temperature. The magnetic anisotropy constants calculated from the high-field magnetization curves at 100 K are on the order of 1 Merg/cm{sup 3}. The vacuum annealing of the ribbons at 550 °C significantly improved their magnetic properties with the Curie temperature increasing from 206 K to 273 K for Mn{sub 1.5}Fe{sub 0.5}Sn.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4913821},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 17,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}