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Title: The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles

Abstract

We have investigated the role of spontaneously formed interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism of FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles. Element specific x-ray absorption and photoelectron spectroscopy experiments have identified the characteristic spectral features of metallic iron and cobalt from within the nanoparticle core. In addition, metal silicates of iron, cobalt, and vanadium were found to have formed spontaneously at the interface between the nanoparticle core and silica shell. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments indicated that the elemental magnetism was a result of metallic iron and cobalt with small components from the iron, cobalt, and vanadium silicates. Magnetometry experiments have shown that there was no exchange bias loop shift in the FeCo nanoparticles; however, exchange bias from antiferromagnetic vanadium oxide was measured in the V-doped nanoparticles. These results showed clearly that the interfacial metal silicates played a significant role in the magnetism of these core/shell nanoparticles, and that the vanadium percolated from the FeCo-cores into the SiO{sub 2}-based interfacial shell.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada)
  2. (United States)
  3. Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)
  4. Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48169 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410031
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; COBALT; DOPED MATERIALS; INTERFACES; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; IRON; MAGNETIC CIRCULAR DICHROISM; NANOPARTICLES; PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; SILICON OXIDES; VANADIUM; VANADIUM OXIDES; VANADIUM SILICATES; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Desautels, R. D., E-mail: rddesautels@physics.umanitoba.ca, Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48169, Freeland, J. W., Rowe, M. P., and Lierop, J. van. The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4915482.
Desautels, R. D., E-mail: rddesautels@physics.umanitoba.ca, Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48169, Freeland, J. W., Rowe, M. P., & Lierop, J. van. The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915482.
Desautels, R. D., E-mail: rddesautels@physics.umanitoba.ca, Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48169, Freeland, J. W., Rowe, M. P., and Lierop, J. van. Thu . "The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915482.
@article{osti_22410031,
title = {The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles},
author = {Desautels, R. D., E-mail: rddesautels@physics.umanitoba.ca and Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48169 and Freeland, J. W. and Rowe, M. P. and Lierop, J. van},
abstractNote = {We have investigated the role of spontaneously formed interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism of FeCo/SiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 49%}Co{sub 49%}V{sub 2%}/SiO{sub 2} core/shell nanoparticles. Element specific x-ray absorption and photoelectron spectroscopy experiments have identified the characteristic spectral features of metallic iron and cobalt from within the nanoparticle core. In addition, metal silicates of iron, cobalt, and vanadium were found to have formed spontaneously at the interface between the nanoparticle core and silica shell. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments indicated that the elemental magnetism was a result of metallic iron and cobalt with small components from the iron, cobalt, and vanadium silicates. Magnetometry experiments have shown that there was no exchange bias loop shift in the FeCo nanoparticles; however, exchange bias from antiferromagnetic vanadium oxide was measured in the V-doped nanoparticles. These results showed clearly that the interfacial metal silicates played a significant role in the magnetism of these core/shell nanoparticles, and that the vanadium percolated from the FeCo-cores into the SiO{sub 2}-based interfacial shell.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4915482},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 17,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}