# Magnetic phase transitions and monopole excitations in spin ice under uniaxial pressure: A Monte Carlo simulation

## Abstract

In this work, we explore the spin ice model under uniaxial pressure using the Monte Carlo simulation method. For the known spin ices, the interaction correction (δ) introduced by the uniaxial pressure varies in quite a wide range from positive to negative. When δ is positive, the ground state characterized by the ferromagnetic spin chains is quite unstable, and in real materials it serves as intermediate state connecting the ice state and the long range ordered dipolar spin ice ground state. In the case of negative δ, the system relaxes from highly degenerate ice state to ordered ferromagnetic state via a first order phase transition. Furthermore, the domain walls in such ferromagnetic state are the hotbed of the excitations of magnetic monopoles, thus indicating that the uniaxial pressure can greatly increase the monopole density.

- Authors:

- Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)
- Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22410023

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Journal of Applied Physics

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CORRECTIONS; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; EXCITATION; FERROMAGNETISM; GROUND STATES; INTERMEDIATE STATE; MAGNETIC MONOPOLES; MONTE CARLO METHOD; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SPIN

### Citation Formats

```
Xie, Y. L., E-mail: yunlongxie88@gmail.com, Yan, Z. B., Liu, J.-M., and Lin, L.
```*Magnetic phase transitions and monopole excitations in spin ice under uniaxial pressure: A Monte Carlo simulation*. United States: N. p., 2015.
Web. doi:10.1063/1.4913309.

```
Xie, Y. L., E-mail: yunlongxie88@gmail.com, Yan, Z. B., Liu, J.-M., & Lin, L.
```*Magnetic phase transitions and monopole excitations in spin ice under uniaxial pressure: A Monte Carlo simulation*. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913309.

```
Xie, Y. L., E-mail: yunlongxie88@gmail.com, Yan, Z. B., Liu, J.-M., and Lin, L. Thu .
"Magnetic phase transitions and monopole excitations in spin ice under uniaxial pressure: A Monte Carlo simulation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4913309.
```

```
@article{osti_22410023,
```

title = {Magnetic phase transitions and monopole excitations in spin ice under uniaxial pressure: A Monte Carlo simulation},

author = {Xie, Y. L., E-mail: yunlongxie88@gmail.com and Yan, Z. B. and Liu, J.-M. and Lin, L.},

abstractNote = {In this work, we explore the spin ice model under uniaxial pressure using the Monte Carlo simulation method. For the known spin ices, the interaction correction (δ) introduced by the uniaxial pressure varies in quite a wide range from positive to negative. When δ is positive, the ground state characterized by the ferromagnetic spin chains is quite unstable, and in real materials it serves as intermediate state connecting the ice state and the long range ordered dipolar spin ice ground state. In the case of negative δ, the system relaxes from highly degenerate ice state to ordered ferromagnetic state via a first order phase transition. Furthermore, the domain walls in such ferromagnetic state are the hotbed of the excitations of magnetic monopoles, thus indicating that the uniaxial pressure can greatly increase the monopole density.},

doi = {10.1063/1.4913309},

journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},

issn = {0021-8979},

number = 17,

volume = 117,

place = {United States},

year = {2015},

month = {5}

}