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Title: Effects of phase transformation on the microstructures and magnetostriction of Fe-Ga and Fe-Ga-Zn ferromagnetic shape memory alloys

Abstract

The phase transformation and magnetostriction of bulk Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} and Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} (at. %) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMs) were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and a magnetostrictive-meter setup. For the Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy solution treated at 1100 °C for 4 h and quenched in ice brine, the antiphase boundary segments of the D0{sub 3} domain were observed in the A2 (disordered) matrix, and the Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy had an optimal magnetostriction (λ{sub ‖}{sup s }= 71 × 10{sup −6} and λ{sub ⊥}{sup s }= −31 × 10{sup −6}). In Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy as-quenched, aged at 700 °C for 24 h, and furnace cooled, D0{sub 3} nanoclusters underwent phase transformation to an intermediate tetragonal phase (i.e., L1{sub 0}-like martensite) via Bain distortion, and finally L1{sub 2} (Fe{sub 3}Ga) structures precipitated, as observed by TEM and XRD. The L1{sub 0}-like martensite and L1{sub 2} phases in the aged Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy drastically decreased the magnetostriction from positive to negative (λ{sub ‖}{sup s }= −20 × 10{sup −6} and λ{sub ⊥}{sup s }= −8 × 10{sup −6}). However, in Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} FSM alloy as-quenched and aged, the phase transformation of D0{sub 3} to an intermediate tetragonal martensite phase and precipitation of L1{sub 2} structures were notmore » found. The results indicate that the aged Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} FSM alloy maintained stable magnetostriction (λ{sub ‖}{sup s }= 36 × 10{sup −6} and λ{sub ⊥}{sup s }= −31 × 10{sup −6}). Adding Zn can improve the ferromagnetic shape memory effect of aged Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} alloy, which may be useful in application of the alloy in high temperature environments.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Mold and Die Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung 807-78, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22409942
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; FERROMAGNETISM; GALLIUM ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; MAGNETOSTRICTION; MARTENSITE; MICROSTRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SHAPE MEMORY EFFECT; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TETRAGONAL LATTICES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC ALLOYS

Citation Formats

Lin, Yin-Chih, E-mail: lin3312@cc.kuas.edu.tw, and Lin, Chien-Feng. Effects of phase transformation on the microstructures and magnetostriction of Fe-Ga and Fe-Ga-Zn ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4917185.
Lin, Yin-Chih, E-mail: lin3312@cc.kuas.edu.tw, & Lin, Chien-Feng. Effects of phase transformation on the microstructures and magnetostriction of Fe-Ga and Fe-Ga-Zn ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4917185.
Lin, Yin-Chih, E-mail: lin3312@cc.kuas.edu.tw, and Lin, Chien-Feng. Thu . "Effects of phase transformation on the microstructures and magnetostriction of Fe-Ga and Fe-Ga-Zn ferromagnetic shape memory alloys". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4917185.
@article{osti_22409942,
title = {Effects of phase transformation on the microstructures and magnetostriction of Fe-Ga and Fe-Ga-Zn ferromagnetic shape memory alloys},
author = {Lin, Yin-Chih, E-mail: lin3312@cc.kuas.edu.tw and Lin, Chien-Feng},
abstractNote = {The phase transformation and magnetostriction of bulk Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} and Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} (at. %) ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMs) were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and a magnetostrictive-meter setup. For the Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy solution treated at 1100 °C for 4 h and quenched in ice brine, the antiphase boundary segments of the D0{sub 3} domain were observed in the A2 (disordered) matrix, and the Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy had an optimal magnetostriction (λ{sub ‖}{sup s }= 71 × 10{sup −6} and λ{sub ⊥}{sup s }= −31 × 10{sup −6}). In Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy as-quenched, aged at 700 °C for 24 h, and furnace cooled, D0{sub 3} nanoclusters underwent phase transformation to an intermediate tetragonal phase (i.e., L1{sub 0}-like martensite) via Bain distortion, and finally L1{sub 2} (Fe{sub 3}Ga) structures precipitated, as observed by TEM and XRD. The L1{sub 0}-like martensite and L1{sub 2} phases in the aged Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 27} FSM alloy drastically decreased the magnetostriction from positive to negative (λ{sub ‖}{sup s }= −20 × 10{sup −6} and λ{sub ⊥}{sup s }= −8 × 10{sup −6}). However, in Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} FSM alloy as-quenched and aged, the phase transformation of D0{sub 3} to an intermediate tetragonal martensite phase and precipitation of L1{sub 2} structures were not found. The results indicate that the aged Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} FSM alloy maintained stable magnetostriction (λ{sub ‖}{sup s }= 36 × 10{sup −6} and λ{sub ⊥}{sup s }= −31 × 10{sup −6}). Adding Zn can improve the ferromagnetic shape memory effect of aged Fe{sub 73}Ga{sub 18}Zn{sub 9} alloy, which may be useful in application of the alloy in high temperature environments.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4917185},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 17,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}