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Title: Advanced morphological analysis of patterns of thin anodic porous alumina

Abstract

Different conditions of fabrication of thin anodic porous alumina on glass substrates have been explored, obtaining two sets of samples with varying pore density and porosity, respectively. The patterns of pores have been imaged by high resolution scanning electron microscopy and analyzed by innovative methods. The regularity ratio has been extracted from radial profiles of the fast Fourier transforms of the images. Additionally, the Minkowski measures have been calculated. It was first observed that the regularity ratio averaged across all directions is properly corrected by the coefficient previously determined in the literature. Furthermore, the angularly averaged regularity ratio for the thin porous alumina made during short single-step anodizations is lower than that of hexagonal patterns of pores as for thick porous alumina from aluminum electropolishing and two-step anodization. Therefore, the regularity ratio represents a reliable measure of pattern order. At the same time, the lower angular spread of the regularity ratio shows that disordered porous alumina is more isotropic. Within each set, when changing either pore density or porosity, both regularity and isotropy remain rather constant, showing consistent fabrication quality of the experimental patterns. Minor deviations are tentatively discussed with the aid of the Minkowski measures, and the slight decreasemore » in both regularity and isotropy for the final data-points of the porosity set is ascribed to excess pore opening and consequent pore merging. - Highlights: • Thin porous alumina is partly self-ordered and pattern analysis is required. • Regularity ratio is often misused: we fix the averaging and consider its spread. • We also apply the mathematical tool of Minkowski measures, new in this field. • Regularity ratio shows pattern isotropy and Minkowski helps in assessment. • General agreement with perfect artificial patterns confirms the good manufacturing.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Department of Nanophysics, Via Morego 30, Genova I 16163 (Italy)
  2. (Italy)
  3. Department of Advanced Materials and Technologies, Faculty of Advanced Technologies and Chemistry, Military University of Technology, 2 Kaliskiego Str., 00-908 Warszawa (Poland)
  4. Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Department of Nanostructures, Via Morego 30, Genova I 16163 (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403518
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 94; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; ANODIZATION; DENSITY; ELECTROPOLISHING; FABRICATION; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; IMAGE PROCESSING; ISOTROPY; POROSITY; POROUS MATERIALS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SUBSTRATES

Citation Formats

Toccafondi, C., Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Department of Nanostructures, Via Morego 30, Genova I 16163, Stępniowski, W.J., Leoncini, M., and Salerno, M., E-mail: marco.salerno@iit.it. Advanced morphological analysis of patterns of thin anodic porous alumina. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATCHAR.2014.05.003.
Toccafondi, C., Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Department of Nanostructures, Via Morego 30, Genova I 16163, Stępniowski, W.J., Leoncini, M., & Salerno, M., E-mail: marco.salerno@iit.it. Advanced morphological analysis of patterns of thin anodic porous alumina. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATCHAR.2014.05.003.
Toccafondi, C., Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Department of Nanostructures, Via Morego 30, Genova I 16163, Stępniowski, W.J., Leoncini, M., and Salerno, M., E-mail: marco.salerno@iit.it. Fri . "Advanced morphological analysis of patterns of thin anodic porous alumina". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATCHAR.2014.05.003.
@article{osti_22403518,
title = {Advanced morphological analysis of patterns of thin anodic porous alumina},
author = {Toccafondi, C. and Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Department of Nanostructures, Via Morego 30, Genova I 16163 and Stępniowski, W.J. and Leoncini, M. and Salerno, M., E-mail: marco.salerno@iit.it},
abstractNote = {Different conditions of fabrication of thin anodic porous alumina on glass substrates have been explored, obtaining two sets of samples with varying pore density and porosity, respectively. The patterns of pores have been imaged by high resolution scanning electron microscopy and analyzed by innovative methods. The regularity ratio has been extracted from radial profiles of the fast Fourier transforms of the images. Additionally, the Minkowski measures have been calculated. It was first observed that the regularity ratio averaged across all directions is properly corrected by the coefficient previously determined in the literature. Furthermore, the angularly averaged regularity ratio for the thin porous alumina made during short single-step anodizations is lower than that of hexagonal patterns of pores as for thick porous alumina from aluminum electropolishing and two-step anodization. Therefore, the regularity ratio represents a reliable measure of pattern order. At the same time, the lower angular spread of the regularity ratio shows that disordered porous alumina is more isotropic. Within each set, when changing either pore density or porosity, both regularity and isotropy remain rather constant, showing consistent fabrication quality of the experimental patterns. Minor deviations are tentatively discussed with the aid of the Minkowski measures, and the slight decrease in both regularity and isotropy for the final data-points of the porosity set is ascribed to excess pore opening and consequent pore merging. - Highlights: • Thin porous alumina is partly self-ordered and pattern analysis is required. • Regularity ratio is often misused: we fix the averaging and consider its spread. • We also apply the mathematical tool of Minkowski measures, new in this field. • Regularity ratio shows pattern isotropy and Minkowski helps in assessment. • General agreement with perfect artificial patterns confirms the good manufacturing.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATCHAR.2014.05.003},
journal = {Materials Characterization},
number = ,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Fri Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}