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Title: Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots

Abstract

We present the results of a Brillouin light scattering investigation of thermally excited spin wave eigenmodes in square arrays of either isolated rectangular dots of permalloy or twins of dipolarly coupled elements, placed side-by-side or head-to-tail. The nanodots, fabricated by e-beam lithography and lift-off, are 20 nm thick and have the major size D in the range between 90 nm and 150 nm. The experimental spectra show the presence of two main peaks, corresponding to modes localized either at the edges or in the center of the dots. Their frequency dependence on the dot size and on the interaction with adjacent elements has been measured and successfully interpreted on the basis of dynamical micromagnetic simulations. The latter enabled us also to describe the spatial profile of the eigenmodes, putting in evidence the effects induced by the dipolar interaction between coupled dots. In particular, in twinned dots the demagnetizing field is appreciably modified in proximity of the “internal edges” if compared to the “external” ones, leading to a splitting of the edge mode. These results can be relevant for the exploitation of sub-150 nm magnetic dots in new applications, such as magnonic metamaterials, bit-patterned storage media, and nano-magnetic logic devices.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]; ; ; ;  [3]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Università di Perugia, Perugia (Italy)
  2. Istituto Officina dei Materiali del CNR (CNR-IOM), Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Perugia (Italy)
  3. Center for Nano Science and Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403023
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; BRILLOUIN EFFECT; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELECTRON BEAMS; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; LIGHT SCATTERING; METAMATERIALS; PERMALLOY; QUANTUM DOTS; SPIN WAVES

Citation Formats

Carlotti, G., E-mail: giovanni.carlotti@fisica.unipg.it, Madami, M., Tacchi, S., Gubbiotti, G., Dey, H., Csaba, G., and Porod, W. Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4914878.
Carlotti, G., E-mail: giovanni.carlotti@fisica.unipg.it, Madami, M., Tacchi, S., Gubbiotti, G., Dey, H., Csaba, G., & Porod, W. Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4914878.
Carlotti, G., E-mail: giovanni.carlotti@fisica.unipg.it, Madami, M., Tacchi, S., Gubbiotti, G., Dey, H., Csaba, G., and Porod, W. Thu . "Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4914878.
@article{osti_22403023,
title = {Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots},
author = {Carlotti, G., E-mail: giovanni.carlotti@fisica.unipg.it and Madami, M. and Tacchi, S. and Gubbiotti, G. and Dey, H. and Csaba, G. and Porod, W.},
abstractNote = {We present the results of a Brillouin light scattering investigation of thermally excited spin wave eigenmodes in square arrays of either isolated rectangular dots of permalloy or twins of dipolarly coupled elements, placed side-by-side or head-to-tail. The nanodots, fabricated by e-beam lithography and lift-off, are 20 nm thick and have the major size D in the range between 90 nm and 150 nm. The experimental spectra show the presence of two main peaks, corresponding to modes localized either at the edges or in the center of the dots. Their frequency dependence on the dot size and on the interaction with adjacent elements has been measured and successfully interpreted on the basis of dynamical micromagnetic simulations. The latter enabled us also to describe the spatial profile of the eigenmodes, putting in evidence the effects induced by the dipolar interaction between coupled dots. In particular, in twinned dots the demagnetizing field is appreciably modified in proximity of the “internal edges” if compared to the “external” ones, leading to a splitting of the edge mode. These results can be relevant for the exploitation of sub-150 nm magnetic dots in new applications, such as magnonic metamaterials, bit-patterned storage media, and nano-magnetic logic devices.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4914878},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 17,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}