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Title: The role of probe oxide in local surface conductivity measurements

Abstract

Local probe methods can be used to measure nanoscale surface conductivity, but some techniques including nanoscale four point probe rely on at least two of the probes forming the same low resistivity non-rectifying contact to the sample. Here, the role of probe shank oxide has been examined by carrying out contact and non-contact I V measurements on GaAs when the probe oxide has been controllably reduced, both experimentally and in simulation. In contact, the barrier height is pinned but the barrier shape changes with probe shank oxide dimensions. In non-contact measurements, the oxide modifies the electrostatic interaction inducing a quantum dot that alters the tunneling behavior. For both, the contact resistance change is dependent on polarity, which violates the assumption required for four point probe to remove probe contact resistance from the measured conductivity. This has implications for all nanoscale surface probe measurements and macroscopic four point probe, both in air and vacuum, where the role of probe oxide contamination is not well understood.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Multidisciplinary Nanotechnology Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)
  2. Electronic Systems Design Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402993
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIFFUSION BARRIERS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; OXIDES; PROBES; QUANTUM DOTS; SURFACES; TUNNEL EFFECT

Citation Formats

Barnett, C. J., Kryvchenkova, O., Wilson, L. S. J., Maffeis, T. G. G., Cobley, R. J., and Kalna, K. The role of probe oxide in local surface conductivity measurements. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4919662.
Barnett, C. J., Kryvchenkova, O., Wilson, L. S. J., Maffeis, T. G. G., Cobley, R. J., & Kalna, K. The role of probe oxide in local surface conductivity measurements. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919662.
Barnett, C. J., Kryvchenkova, O., Wilson, L. S. J., Maffeis, T. G. G., Cobley, R. J., and Kalna, K. Thu . "The role of probe oxide in local surface conductivity measurements". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919662.
@article{osti_22402993,
title = {The role of probe oxide in local surface conductivity measurements},
author = {Barnett, C. J. and Kryvchenkova, O. and Wilson, L. S. J. and Maffeis, T. G. G. and Cobley, R. J. and Kalna, K.},
abstractNote = {Local probe methods can be used to measure nanoscale surface conductivity, but some techniques including nanoscale four point probe rely on at least two of the probes forming the same low resistivity non-rectifying contact to the sample. Here, the role of probe shank oxide has been examined by carrying out contact and non-contact I V measurements on GaAs when the probe oxide has been controllably reduced, both experimentally and in simulation. In contact, the barrier height is pinned but the barrier shape changes with probe shank oxide dimensions. In non-contact measurements, the oxide modifies the electrostatic interaction inducing a quantum dot that alters the tunneling behavior. For both, the contact resistance change is dependent on polarity, which violates the assumption required for four point probe to remove probe contact resistance from the measured conductivity. This has implications for all nanoscale surface probe measurements and macroscopic four point probe, both in air and vacuum, where the role of probe oxide contamination is not well understood.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4919662},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 17,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}