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Title: Non-Newtonian flow of an ultralow-melting chalcogenide liquid in strongly confined geometry

Abstract

The flow of high-viscosity liquids inside micrometer-size holes can be substantially different from the flow in the bulk, non-confined state of the same liquid. Such non-Newtonian behavior can be employed to generate structural anisotropy in the frozen-in liquid, i.e., in the glassy state. Here, we report on the observation of non-Newtonian flow of an ultralow melting chalcogenide glass inside a silica microcapillary, leading to a strong deviation of the shear viscosity from its value in the bulk material. In particular, we experimentally show that the viscosity is radius-dependent, which is a clear indication that the microscopic rearrangement of the glass network needs to be considered if the lateral confinement falls below a certain limit. The experiments have been conducted using pressure-assisted melt filling, which provides access to the rheological properties of high-viscosity melt flow under previously inaccessible experimental conditions. The resulting flow-induced structural anisotropy can pave the way towards integration of anisotropic glasses inside hybrid photonic waveguides.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [1];  [4]
  1. Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena (Germany)
  2. Otto Schott Institute of Material Research (OSIM), Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Fraunhoferstr. 6, 07743 Jena (Germany)
  3. Université de Rennes I, Equipe Verres et Céramiques, UMR 6226 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes (France)
  4. (OSIM), Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Fraunhoferstr. 6, 07743 Jena (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402454
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; CHALCOGENIDES; GEOMETRY; GLASS; HYBRIDIZATION; LIQUIDS; MELTING; SILICA; VISCOSITY; WAVEGUIDES

Citation Formats

Wang, Siyuan, Jain, Chhavi, Wondraczek, Katrin, Kobelke, Jens, Wondraczek, Lothar, Troles, Johann, Caillaud, Celine, Schmidt, Markus A., E-mail: markus.schmidt@ipht-jena.de, and Otto Schott Institute of Material Research. Non-Newtonian flow of an ultralow-melting chalcogenide liquid in strongly confined geometry. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4921708.
Wang, Siyuan, Jain, Chhavi, Wondraczek, Katrin, Kobelke, Jens, Wondraczek, Lothar, Troles, Johann, Caillaud, Celine, Schmidt, Markus A., E-mail: markus.schmidt@ipht-jena.de, & Otto Schott Institute of Material Research. Non-Newtonian flow of an ultralow-melting chalcogenide liquid in strongly confined geometry. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921708.
Wang, Siyuan, Jain, Chhavi, Wondraczek, Katrin, Kobelke, Jens, Wondraczek, Lothar, Troles, Johann, Caillaud, Celine, Schmidt, Markus A., E-mail: markus.schmidt@ipht-jena.de, and Otto Schott Institute of Material Research. Mon . "Non-Newtonian flow of an ultralow-melting chalcogenide liquid in strongly confined geometry". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4921708.
@article{osti_22402454,
title = {Non-Newtonian flow of an ultralow-melting chalcogenide liquid in strongly confined geometry},
author = {Wang, Siyuan and Jain, Chhavi and Wondraczek, Katrin and Kobelke, Jens and Wondraczek, Lothar and Troles, Johann and Caillaud, Celine and Schmidt, Markus A., E-mail: markus.schmidt@ipht-jena.de and Otto Schott Institute of Material Research},
abstractNote = {The flow of high-viscosity liquids inside micrometer-size holes can be substantially different from the flow in the bulk, non-confined state of the same liquid. Such non-Newtonian behavior can be employed to generate structural anisotropy in the frozen-in liquid, i.e., in the glassy state. Here, we report on the observation of non-Newtonian flow of an ultralow melting chalcogenide glass inside a silica microcapillary, leading to a strong deviation of the shear viscosity from its value in the bulk material. In particular, we experimentally show that the viscosity is radius-dependent, which is a clear indication that the microscopic rearrangement of the glass network needs to be considered if the lateral confinement falls below a certain limit. The experiments have been conducted using pressure-assisted melt filling, which provides access to the rheological properties of high-viscosity melt flow under previously inaccessible experimental conditions. The resulting flow-induced structural anisotropy can pave the way towards integration of anisotropic glasses inside hybrid photonic waveguides.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4921708},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 20,
volume = 106,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}