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Title: Metallic-like Wilson ratio in the polyaniline hydrochloride conducting polymer

Abstract

We report on the calorimetric and magnetic properties of the polyaniline hydrochloride in order to discuss its metallicity. Both the specific heat and the magnetic susceptibility χ have been investigated as a function of temperature from 300 K down to 2 K. The measurements of the specific heat have allowed us to determine the electronic Sommerfeld coefficient γ and the temperature dependence of the susceptibility has revealed a Pauli-like component. By combining χ and γ, the dimensionless Wilson ratio R{sub W}∝χ/γ demonstrates that the universal free electrons limit is reached above 100 K as a strong check of the metallicity of this conducting polymer. By removing the Pauli component from the measured susceptibility, the resulting contribution displays below 100 K a well-defined Curie-like component in agreement with a few percents of spins localized by disorder at low temperatures. These results are therefore consistent with an electronic itinerancy, namely, a metallic state even in the presence of disorder.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Laboratoire GREMAN, Université François Rabelais, UMR CNRS 7347, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France)
  2. Laboratoire PCM2E, Université François Rabelais, EA 6299, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France)
  3. (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22399336
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CALORIMETRY; ELECTRONS; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; METALLICITY; ORGANIC POLYMERS; SPECIFIC HEAT; SPIN; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE

Citation Formats

Limelette, P., Schmaltz, B., Tran Van, F., Brault, D., and Laboratoire PCM2E, Université François Rabelais, EA 6299, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours. Metallic-like Wilson ratio in the polyaniline hydrochloride conducting polymer. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4915342.
Limelette, P., Schmaltz, B., Tran Van, F., Brault, D., & Laboratoire PCM2E, Université François Rabelais, EA 6299, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours. Metallic-like Wilson ratio in the polyaniline hydrochloride conducting polymer. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915342.
Limelette, P., Schmaltz, B., Tran Van, F., Brault, D., and Laboratoire PCM2E, Université François Rabelais, EA 6299, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours. Sat . "Metallic-like Wilson ratio in the polyaniline hydrochloride conducting polymer". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915342.
@article{osti_22399336,
title = {Metallic-like Wilson ratio in the polyaniline hydrochloride conducting polymer},
author = {Limelette, P. and Schmaltz, B. and Tran Van, F. and Brault, D. and Laboratoire PCM2E, Université François Rabelais, EA 6299, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours},
abstractNote = {We report on the calorimetric and magnetic properties of the polyaniline hydrochloride in order to discuss its metallicity. Both the specific heat and the magnetic susceptibility χ have been investigated as a function of temperature from 300 K down to 2 K. The measurements of the specific heat have allowed us to determine the electronic Sommerfeld coefficient γ and the temperature dependence of the susceptibility has revealed a Pauli-like component. By combining χ and γ, the dimensionless Wilson ratio R{sub W}∝χ/γ demonstrates that the universal free electrons limit is reached above 100 K as a strong check of the metallicity of this conducting polymer. By removing the Pauli component from the measured susceptibility, the resulting contribution displays below 100 K a well-defined Curie-like component in agreement with a few percents of spins localized by disorder at low temperatures. These results are therefore consistent with an electronic itinerancy, namely, a metallic state even in the presence of disorder.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4915342},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 12,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Sat Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}