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Title: Electron scattering in graphene with adsorbed NaCl nanoparticles

Abstract

In this work, the results of contactless magnetoconductance and Raman spectroscopy measurements performed for a graphene sample after its immersion in NaCl solution were presented. The properties of the immersed sample were compared with those of a non-immersed reference sample. Atomic force microscopy and electron spin resonance experiments confirmed the deposition of NaCl nanoparticles on the graphene surface. A weak localization signal observed using contactless magnetoconductance showed the reduction of the coherence length after NaCl treatment of graphene. Temperature dependence of the coherence length indicated a change from ballistic to diffusive regime in electron transport after NaCl treatment. The main inelastic scattering process was of the electron-electron type but the major reason for the reduction of the coherence length at low temperatures was additional, temperature independent, inelastic scattering. We associate it with spin flip scattering, caused by NaCl nanoparticles present on the graphene surface. Raman spectroscopy showed an increase in the D and D′ bands intensities for graphene after its immersion in NaCl solution. An analysis of the D, D′, and G bands intensities proved that this additional scattering is related to the decoration of vacancies and grain boundaries with NaCl nanoparticles, as well as generation of new on-site defectsmore » as a result of the decoration of the graphene surface with NaCl nanoparticles. The observed energy shifts of 2D and G bands indicated that NaCl deposition on the graphene surface did not change carrier concentration, but reduced compressive biaxial strain in the graphene layer.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [3];  [2]
  1. Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 5, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)
  2. (Poland)
  3. Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wólczyńska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22399217
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; COHERENCE LENGTH; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DEPOSITION; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; ELECTRONS; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; GRAPHENE; INELASTIC SCATTERING; LAYERS; MAGNETORESISTANCE; NANOPARTICLES; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SODIUM CHLORIDES; SPIN FLIP; STRAINS; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VACANCIES

Citation Formats

Drabińska, Aneta, E-mail: Aneta.Drabinska@fuw.edu.pl, Kaźmierczak, Piotr, Bożek, Rafał, Karpierz, Ewelina, Wysmołek, Andrzej, Kamińska, Maria, Wołoś, Agnieszka, Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Pasternak, Iwona, Strupiński, Włodek, Krajewska, Aleksandra, and Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warsaw. Electron scattering in graphene with adsorbed NaCl nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4905418.
Drabińska, Aneta, E-mail: Aneta.Drabinska@fuw.edu.pl, Kaźmierczak, Piotr, Bożek, Rafał, Karpierz, Ewelina, Wysmołek, Andrzej, Kamińska, Maria, Wołoś, Agnieszka, Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Pasternak, Iwona, Strupiński, Włodek, Krajewska, Aleksandra, & Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warsaw. Electron scattering in graphene with adsorbed NaCl nanoparticles. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905418.
Drabińska, Aneta, E-mail: Aneta.Drabinska@fuw.edu.pl, Kaźmierczak, Piotr, Bożek, Rafał, Karpierz, Ewelina, Wysmołek, Andrzej, Kamińska, Maria, Wołoś, Agnieszka, Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Pasternak, Iwona, Strupiński, Włodek, Krajewska, Aleksandra, and Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warsaw. Wed . "Electron scattering in graphene with adsorbed NaCl nanoparticles". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905418.
@article{osti_22399217,
title = {Electron scattering in graphene with adsorbed NaCl nanoparticles},
author = {Drabińska, Aneta, E-mail: Aneta.Drabinska@fuw.edu.pl and Kaźmierczak, Piotr and Bożek, Rafał and Karpierz, Ewelina and Wysmołek, Andrzej and Kamińska, Maria and Wołoś, Agnieszka and Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw and Pasternak, Iwona and Strupiński, Włodek and Krajewska, Aleksandra and Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warsaw},
abstractNote = {In this work, the results of contactless magnetoconductance and Raman spectroscopy measurements performed for a graphene sample after its immersion in NaCl solution were presented. The properties of the immersed sample were compared with those of a non-immersed reference sample. Atomic force microscopy and electron spin resonance experiments confirmed the deposition of NaCl nanoparticles on the graphene surface. A weak localization signal observed using contactless magnetoconductance showed the reduction of the coherence length after NaCl treatment of graphene. Temperature dependence of the coherence length indicated a change from ballistic to diffusive regime in electron transport after NaCl treatment. The main inelastic scattering process was of the electron-electron type but the major reason for the reduction of the coherence length at low temperatures was additional, temperature independent, inelastic scattering. We associate it with spin flip scattering, caused by NaCl nanoparticles present on the graphene surface. Raman spectroscopy showed an increase in the D and D′ bands intensities for graphene after its immersion in NaCl solution. An analysis of the D, D′, and G bands intensities proved that this additional scattering is related to the decoration of vacancies and grain boundaries with NaCl nanoparticles, as well as generation of new on-site defects as a result of the decoration of the graphene surface with NaCl nanoparticles. The observed energy shifts of 2D and G bands indicated that NaCl deposition on the graphene surface did not change carrier concentration, but reduced compressive biaxial strain in the graphene layer.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4905418},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Wed Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}