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Title: Linking structure to fragility in bulk metallic glass-forming liquids

Abstract

Using in-situ synchrotron X-ray scattering, we show that the structural evolution of various bulk metallic glass-forming liquids can be quantitatively connected to their viscosity behavior in the supercooled liquid near T{sub g}. The structural signature of fragility is identified as the temperature dependence of local dilatation on distinct key atomic length scales. A more fragile behavior results from a more pronounced thermally induced dilatation of the structure on a length scale of about 3 to 4 atomic diameters, coupled with shallower temperature dependence of structural changes in the nearest neighbor environment. These findings shed light on the structural origin of viscous slowdown during undercooling of bulk metallic glass-forming liquids and demonstrate the promise of predicting the properties of bulk metallic glasses from the atomic scale structure.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Saarland University, Campus C63, 66123 Saarbrücken (Germany)
  2. (United States)
  3. (DLR), 51170 Köln (Germany)
  4. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany)
  5. Material Science, School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22398994
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; LIQUIDS; METALLIC GLASSES; SLOWING-DOWN; SUBCOOLING; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VISCOSITY; VISIBLE RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Wei, Shuai, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, Stolpe, Moritz, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de, Gross, Oliver, Gallino, Isabella, Hembree, William, Busch, Ralf, Evenson, Zach, Institut für Materialphysik im Weltraum, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Bednarcik, Jozef, and Kruzic, Jamie J. Linking structure to fragility in bulk metallic glass-forming liquids. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4919590.
Wei, Shuai, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, Stolpe, Moritz, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de, Gross, Oliver, Gallino, Isabella, Hembree, William, Busch, Ralf, Evenson, Zach, Institut für Materialphysik im Weltraum, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Bednarcik, Jozef, & Kruzic, Jamie J. Linking structure to fragility in bulk metallic glass-forming liquids. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919590.
Wei, Shuai, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, Stolpe, Moritz, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de, Gross, Oliver, Gallino, Isabella, Hembree, William, Busch, Ralf, Evenson, Zach, Institut für Materialphysik im Weltraum, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Bednarcik, Jozef, and Kruzic, Jamie J. Mon . "Linking structure to fragility in bulk metallic glass-forming liquids". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4919590.
@article{osti_22398994,
title = {Linking structure to fragility in bulk metallic glass-forming liquids},
author = {Wei, Shuai, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 and Stolpe, Moritz, E-mail: shuai.wei@asu.edu, E-mail: m.stolpe@mx.uni-saarland.de and Gross, Oliver and Gallino, Isabella and Hembree, William and Busch, Ralf and Evenson, Zach and Institut für Materialphysik im Weltraum, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt and Bednarcik, Jozef and Kruzic, Jamie J.},
abstractNote = {Using in-situ synchrotron X-ray scattering, we show that the structural evolution of various bulk metallic glass-forming liquids can be quantitatively connected to their viscosity behavior in the supercooled liquid near T{sub g}. The structural signature of fragility is identified as the temperature dependence of local dilatation on distinct key atomic length scales. A more fragile behavior results from a more pronounced thermally induced dilatation of the structure on a length scale of about 3 to 4 atomic diameters, coupled with shallower temperature dependence of structural changes in the nearest neighbor environment. These findings shed light on the structural origin of viscous slowdown during undercooling of bulk metallic glass-forming liquids and demonstrate the promise of predicting the properties of bulk metallic glasses from the atomic scale structure.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4919590},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 18,
volume = 106,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}