skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Thin-film encapsulation of the air-sensitive organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene

Abstract

The organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene (V[TCNE]{sub x∼2}) has demonstrated potential for use in both microwave electronics and spintronics due to the combination of high temperature magnetic ordering (T{sub C} > 600 K), extremely sharp ferromagnetic resonance (peak to peak linewidth of 1 G), and low-temperature conformal deposition via chemical vapor deposition (deposition temperature of 50 °C). However, air-sensitivity leads to the complete degradation of the films within 2 h under ambient conditions, with noticeable degradation occurring within 30 min. Here, we demonstrate encapsulation of V[TCNE]{sub x∼2} thin films using a UV-cured epoxy that increases film lifetime to over 710 h (30 days) as measured by the remanent magnetization. The saturation magnetization and Curie temperature decay more slowly than the remanence, and the coercivity is unchanged after 340 h (14 days) of air exposure. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicates that the epoxy does not react with the film, and magnetometry measurements show that the presence of the epoxy does not degrade the magnetic properties. This encapsulation strategy directly enables a host of experimental protocols and investigations not previously feasible for air-sensitive samples and lays the foundation for the development of practical applications for this promising organic-based magnetic material.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1117 (United States)
  2. Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1173 (United States)
  3. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22398776
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; COERCIVE FORCE; CURIE POINT; ENCAPSULATION; EPOXIDES; FERRIMAGNETIC MATERIALS; FERRIMAGNETISM; FERROMAGNETIC RESONANCE; FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS; INFRARED SPECTRA; LIFETIME; MAGNETIC MATERIALS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MICROWAVE RADIATION; THIN FILMS; VANADIUM COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Froning, I. H., Harberts, M., Yu, H., Johnston-Halperin, E., E-mail: ejh@physics.osu.edu, Lu, Y., Epstein, A. J., and Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1173. Thin-film encapsulation of the air-sensitive organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4916241.
Froning, I. H., Harberts, M., Yu, H., Johnston-Halperin, E., E-mail: ejh@physics.osu.edu, Lu, Y., Epstein, A. J., & Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1173. Thin-film encapsulation of the air-sensitive organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4916241.
Froning, I. H., Harberts, M., Yu, H., Johnston-Halperin, E., E-mail: ejh@physics.osu.edu, Lu, Y., Epstein, A. J., and Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1173. Mon . "Thin-film encapsulation of the air-sensitive organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4916241.
@article{osti_22398776,
title = {Thin-film encapsulation of the air-sensitive organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene},
author = {Froning, I. H. and Harberts, M. and Yu, H. and Johnston-Halperin, E., E-mail: ejh@physics.osu.edu and Lu, Y. and Epstein, A. J. and Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1173},
abstractNote = {The organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene (V[TCNE]{sub x∼2}) has demonstrated potential for use in both microwave electronics and spintronics due to the combination of high temperature magnetic ordering (T{sub C} > 600 K), extremely sharp ferromagnetic resonance (peak to peak linewidth of 1 G), and low-temperature conformal deposition via chemical vapor deposition (deposition temperature of 50 °C). However, air-sensitivity leads to the complete degradation of the films within 2 h under ambient conditions, with noticeable degradation occurring within 30 min. Here, we demonstrate encapsulation of V[TCNE]{sub x∼2} thin films using a UV-cured epoxy that increases film lifetime to over 710 h (30 days) as measured by the remanent magnetization. The saturation magnetization and Curie temperature decay more slowly than the remanence, and the coercivity is unchanged after 340 h (14 days) of air exposure. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicates that the epoxy does not react with the film, and magnetometry measurements show that the presence of the epoxy does not degrade the magnetic properties. This encapsulation strategy directly enables a host of experimental protocols and investigations not previously feasible for air-sensitive samples and lays the foundation for the development of practical applications for this promising organic-based magnetic material.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4916241},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 12,
volume = 106,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 23 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Mon Mar 23 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}