skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Preparation and characterization of composites based on poly(lactic acid) and CaCO{sub 3} nanofiller

Abstract

In recent years, extensive studies have been conducted on the study of the poly(lactic acid) (PLA) properties, because of its being a typical biobased and biodegradable polymer, with good mechanical properties. However, its toughness and gas barrier properties are not satisfactory and can be improved by the addition of nanofillers, such as calcium carbonate (n-CaCO{sub 3}). The present work PLA composites with nano-sized precipitated calcium carbonate (n-NPCC) were prepared by melt extrusion. Thermal, mechanical and flow properties of the composites were evaluated by using a factorial design.The results showed that the addition of the nanofiller in the PLA matrix didn’t improve thethermal and mechanical properties of the matrix significantly. This behavior is probably due to the presence of the stearic acid that is coating on the n-NPCC particles, resulting in a weak polymer-particle interaction. Beyond this, it was also observed a decrease in MFI of the composites when nanofiller was added and at a higher screw speed.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Instituto de Macromoléculas Professora Eloisa Mano - IMA/UFRJ – Brasil, Rio de Janeiro – RJ (Brazil)
  2. Departamento Agrícola e Meio Ambiente – UFF – Brasil, Niterói – RJ (Brazil)
  3. Instituto de Química da Universidade - IQ/UERJ – Brasil, Rio de Janeiro – RJ (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391846
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1664; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: PPS-30: 30. International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society, Cleveland, OH (United States), 6-12 Jun 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CALCIUM CARBONATES; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; EXTRUSION; LACTIC ACID; MATRIX MATERIALS; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OCTADECANOIC ACID; ORGANIC POLYMERS; PRECIPITATION

Citation Formats

Moreno, Janaína Fernandes, Silva, Ana Lúcia N. da, E-mail: janamoreno.quim@gmail.com, E-mail: ananazareth@ima.ufrj.br, Silva, Antonio Henrique Monteiro da Fonseca T. da, E-mail: antoniohmfts@id.uff.br, and Sousa, Ana Maria F. de, E-mail: ana.furtado.souza@gmail.com. Preparation and characterization of composites based on poly(lactic acid) and CaCO{sub 3} nanofiller. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4918388.
Moreno, Janaína Fernandes, Silva, Ana Lúcia N. da, E-mail: janamoreno.quim@gmail.com, E-mail: ananazareth@ima.ufrj.br, Silva, Antonio Henrique Monteiro da Fonseca T. da, E-mail: antoniohmfts@id.uff.br, & Sousa, Ana Maria F. de, E-mail: ana.furtado.souza@gmail.com. Preparation and characterization of composites based on poly(lactic acid) and CaCO{sub 3} nanofiller. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4918388.
Moreno, Janaína Fernandes, Silva, Ana Lúcia N. da, E-mail: janamoreno.quim@gmail.com, E-mail: ananazareth@ima.ufrj.br, Silva, Antonio Henrique Monteiro da Fonseca T. da, E-mail: antoniohmfts@id.uff.br, and Sousa, Ana Maria F. de, E-mail: ana.furtado.souza@gmail.com. Fri . "Preparation and characterization of composites based on poly(lactic acid) and CaCO{sub 3} nanofiller". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4918388.
@article{osti_22391846,
title = {Preparation and characterization of composites based on poly(lactic acid) and CaCO{sub 3} nanofiller},
author = {Moreno, Janaína Fernandes and Silva, Ana Lúcia N. da, E-mail: janamoreno.quim@gmail.com, E-mail: ananazareth@ima.ufrj.br and Silva, Antonio Henrique Monteiro da Fonseca T. da, E-mail: antoniohmfts@id.uff.br and Sousa, Ana Maria F. de, E-mail: ana.furtado.souza@gmail.com},
abstractNote = {In recent years, extensive studies have been conducted on the study of the poly(lactic acid) (PLA) properties, because of its being a typical biobased and biodegradable polymer, with good mechanical properties. However, its toughness and gas barrier properties are not satisfactory and can be improved by the addition of nanofillers, such as calcium carbonate (n-CaCO{sub 3}). The present work PLA composites with nano-sized precipitated calcium carbonate (n-NPCC) were prepared by melt extrusion. Thermal, mechanical and flow properties of the composites were evaluated by using a factorial design.The results showed that the addition of the nanofiller in the PLA matrix didn’t improve thethermal and mechanical properties of the matrix significantly. This behavior is probably due to the presence of the stearic acid that is coating on the n-NPCC particles, resulting in a weak polymer-particle interaction. Beyond this, it was also observed a decrease in MFI of the composites when nanofiller was added and at a higher screw speed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4918388},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
issn = {0094-243X},
number = 1,
volume = 1664,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}