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Title: Prediction of subsurface fracture in mining zone of Papua using passive seismic tomography based on Fresnel zone

Abstract

Fracture prediction in a block cave of underground mine is very important to monitor the structure of the fracture that can be harmful to the mining activities. Many methods can be used to obtain such information, such as TDR (Time Domain Relectometry) and open hole. Both of them have limitations in range measurement. Passive seismic tomography is one of the subsurface imaging method. It has advantage in terms of measurements, cost, and rich of rock physical information. This passive seismic tomography studies using Fresnel zone to model the wavepath by using frequency parameter. Fresnel zone was developed by Nurhandoko in 2000. The result of this study is tomography of P and S wave velocity which can predict position of fracture. The study also attempted to use sum of the wavefronts to obtain position and time of seismic event occurence. Fresnel zone tomography and the summation wavefront can predict location of geological structure of mine area as well.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. WISFIR Lab., Physics of Complex System, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)
  2. PT Freeport Indonesia, Tembagapura, Indonesia herlansetiadi@yahoo.com (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22391502
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1656; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: APS 2012: 5. Asian Physics Symposium, Bandung (Indonesia), 10-12 Jul 2012; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CAVES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FORECASTING; FRACTURES; GEOPHYSICS; MINES; MINING; MONITORING; PAPUA NEW GUINEA; ROCKS; S WAVES; SEISMIC EVENTS; TOMOGRAPHY; UNDERGROUND; VELOCITY; ZONES

Citation Formats

Setiadi, Herlan, Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B., Wely, Woen, and Riyanto, Erwin. Prediction of subsurface fracture in mining zone of Papua using passive seismic tomography based on Fresnel zone. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4917152.
Setiadi, Herlan, Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B., Wely, Woen, & Riyanto, Erwin. Prediction of subsurface fracture in mining zone of Papua using passive seismic tomography based on Fresnel zone. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4917152.
Setiadi, Herlan, Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B., Wely, Woen, and Riyanto, Erwin. Thu . "Prediction of subsurface fracture in mining zone of Papua using passive seismic tomography based on Fresnel zone". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4917152.
@article{osti_22391502,
title = {Prediction of subsurface fracture in mining zone of Papua using passive seismic tomography based on Fresnel zone},
author = {Setiadi, Herlan and Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B. and Wely, Woen and Riyanto, Erwin},
abstractNote = {Fracture prediction in a block cave of underground mine is very important to monitor the structure of the fracture that can be harmful to the mining activities. Many methods can be used to obtain such information, such as TDR (Time Domain Relectometry) and open hole. Both of them have limitations in range measurement. Passive seismic tomography is one of the subsurface imaging method. It has advantage in terms of measurements, cost, and rich of rock physical information. This passive seismic tomography studies using Fresnel zone to model the wavepath by using frequency parameter. Fresnel zone was developed by Nurhandoko in 2000. The result of this study is tomography of P and S wave velocity which can predict position of fracture. The study also attempted to use sum of the wavefronts to obtain position and time of seismic event occurence. Fresnel zone tomography and the summation wavefront can predict location of geological structure of mine area as well.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4917152},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1656,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Apr 16 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Thu Apr 16 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}
  • West Papua region has fairly high of seismicity activities due to tectonic setting and many inland faults. In addition, the region has a unique and complex tectonic conditions and this situation lead to high potency of seismic hazard in the region. The precise earthquake hypocenter location is very important, which could provide high quality of earthquake parameter information and the subsurface structure in this region to the society. We conducted 1-D P-wave velocity using earthquake data catalog from BMKG for April, 2009 up to March, 2014 around West Papua region. The obtained 1-D seismic velocity then was used as inputmore » for improving hypocenter location using double-difference method. The relocated hypocenter location shows fairly clearly the pattern of intraslab earthquake beneath New Guinea Trench (NGT). The relocated hypocenters related to the inland fault are also observed more focus in location around the fault.« less
  • Purpose: To determine a threshold of vertebral body (VB) osteolytic or osteoblastic tumor involvement that would predict vertebral compression fracture (VCF) risk after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), using volumetric image-segmentation software. Methods and Materials: A computational semiautomated skeletal metastasis segmentation process refined in our laboratory was applied to the pretreatment planning CT scan of 100 vertebral segments in 55 patients treated with spine SBRT. Each VB was segmented and the percentage of lytic and/or blastic disease by volume determined. Results: The cumulative incidence of VCF at 3 and 12 months was 14.1% and 17.3%, respectively. The median follow-up was 7.3 months (range,more » 0.6-67.6 months). In all, 56% of segments were determined lytic, 23% blastic, and 21% mixed, according to clinical radiologic determination. Within these 3 clinical cohorts, the segmentation-determined mean percentages of lytic and blastic tumor were 8.9% and 6.0%, 0.2% and 26.9%, and 3.4% and 15.8% by volume, respectively. On the basis of the entire cohort (n=100), a significant association was observed for the osteolytic percentage measures and the occurrence of VCF (P<.001) but not for the osteoblastic measures. The most significant lytic disease threshold was observed at ≥11.6% (odds ratio 37.4, 95% confidence interval 9.4-148.9). On multivariable analysis, ≥11.6% lytic disease (P<.001), baseline VCF (P<.001), and SBRT with ≥20 Gy per fraction (P=.014) were predictive. Conclusions: Pretreatment lytic VB disease volumetric measures, independent of the blastic component, predict for SBRT-induced VCF. Larger-scale trials evaluating our software are planned to validate the results.« less
  • To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.