Criticism of generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory
Abstract
It is explained why the set of the fundamental empirical features of traffic breakdown (a transition from free flow to congested traffic) should be the empirical basis for any traffic and transportation theory that can be reliable used for control and optimization in traffic networks. It is shown that generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory are not consistent with the set of the fundamental empirical features of traffic breakdown at a highway bottleneck. To these fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory belong (i) LighthillWhithamRichards (LWR) theory, (ii) the General Motors (GM) model class (for example, Herman, Gazis et al. GM model, Gipps’s model, Payne’s model, Newell’s optimal velocity (OV) model, Wiedemann’s model, Bando et al. OV model, Treiber’s IDM, Krauß’s model), (iii) the understanding of highway capacity as a particular stochastic value, and (iv) principles for traffic and transportation network optimization and control (for example, Wardrop’s user equilibrium (UE) and system optimum (SO) principles). Alternatively to these generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory, we discuss threephase traffic theory as the basis for traffic flow modeling as well as briefly consider the network breakdown minimization (BM) principle for the optimization ofmore »
 Authors:
 Physics of Transportation and Traffic, University DuisburgEssen, 47048 Duisburg (Germany)
 Publication Date:
 OSTI Identifier:
 22391111
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Resource Relation:
 Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1648; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICNAAM2014: International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2014, Rhodes (Greece), 2228 Sep 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BREAKDOWN; CAPACITY; CONTROL; EQUILIBRIUM; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; MINIMIZATION; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; VELOCITY
Citation Formats
Kerner, Boris S. Criticism of generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory. United States: N. p., 2015.
Web. doi:10.1063/1.4912735.
Kerner, Boris S. Criticism of generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4912735.
Kerner, Boris S. 2015.
"Criticism of generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory". United States.
doi:10.1063/1.4912735.
@article{osti_22391111,
title = {Criticism of generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory},
author = {Kerner, Boris S.},
abstractNote = {It is explained why the set of the fundamental empirical features of traffic breakdown (a transition from free flow to congested traffic) should be the empirical basis for any traffic and transportation theory that can be reliable used for control and optimization in traffic networks. It is shown that generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory are not consistent with the set of the fundamental empirical features of traffic breakdown at a highway bottleneck. To these fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory belong (i) LighthillWhithamRichards (LWR) theory, (ii) the General Motors (GM) model class (for example, Herman, Gazis et al. GM model, Gipps’s model, Payne’s model, Newell’s optimal velocity (OV) model, Wiedemann’s model, Bando et al. OV model, Treiber’s IDM, Krauß’s model), (iii) the understanding of highway capacity as a particular stochastic value, and (iv) principles for traffic and transportation network optimization and control (for example, Wardrop’s user equilibrium (UE) and system optimum (SO) principles). Alternatively to these generally accepted fundamentals and methodologies of traffic and transportation theory, we discuss threephase traffic theory as the basis for traffic flow modeling as well as briefly consider the network breakdown minimization (BM) principle for the optimization of traffic and transportation networks with road bottlenecks.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4912735},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1648,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 3
}

Conservation of energy resources as an alternative to public utility expansion is discussed. Two concepts or models of what the object of public utility regulation ought properly to be are described. The natural monopoly model holds the primary objective of regulation to be approximating the electrical production and distribution that would result from a competitive market for electricity, were such a market possible. The public service obligation model starts with the premise that the definition and provision of adequate service, including quantity and price, are public issues. The legal challenges raised to utility conservation programs are manifestations of a strugglemore »

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