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Title: Efficient charge-breeding of helium-6 in an EBIT for precision measurement of the beta-neutrino correlation

Abstract

The precise determination of the beta-neutrino correlation in the decay of radioactive nuclei is an important tool in the effort to probe fundamental interactions for possible deviation from the Standard Model of particles and fields. In order to realize this, a novel scheme for precision measurement of such correlation in the decay of radioactive helium-6 (half-life 0.8 s) using an electrostatic ion beam trap (EIBT) is being constructed at the Weizmann Institute. Efficient ionization of the expected weak flux of helium-6, together with a bunching characteristic suitable for injection into the EIBT, is thereby essential. Both of these requirements are optimally met by an electron beam ion source/trap (EBIT). In this contribution we present the design of a modified DREEBIT (Dresden EBIT) featuring a direct, nearly closed gas intake into the drift tube assembly for maximum trapping and ionization efficiency for low flux rates, without diminishing the bunching phase space of the EBIT. First tests already indicate significant ion production at a minimal gas flow rate observable by a marginal pressure increase that is close to the detection limit of a Leybold extractor gauge located in close proximity to the drift tube assembly. This is a necessary precondition in ordermore » to exploit even tiny amounts of rare isotopes.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ; ; ; ; ;  [2];  [3]
  1. DREEBIT GmbH, Grossroehrsdorf (Germany)
  2. Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel)
  3. Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany and Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22390846
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1640; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 12. International Symposium on Electron Beam Ion Sources and Traps, East Lansing, MI (United States), 18-21 May 2014; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ACCURACY; CORRELATIONS; DRIFT TUBES; ELECTRON BEAM ION SOURCES; GAS FLOW; HALF-LIFE; HELIUM 6; ION BEAMS; IONIZATION; NEUTRINOS; NUCLEAR DECAY; PHASE SPACE; STANDARD MODEL; TRAPPING; TRAPS

Citation Formats

Schmidt, M., E-mail: mike.schmidt@dreebit.com, Hass, M., Rappaport, M. L., Heber, O., Prygarin, A., Shachar, Y., Vaintraub, S., and Zschornack, G.. Efficient charge-breeding of helium-6 in an EBIT for precision measurement of the beta-neutrino correlation. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4905413.
Schmidt, M., E-mail: mike.schmidt@dreebit.com, Hass, M., Rappaport, M. L., Heber, O., Prygarin, A., Shachar, Y., Vaintraub, S., & Zschornack, G.. Efficient charge-breeding of helium-6 in an EBIT for precision measurement of the beta-neutrino correlation. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905413.
Schmidt, M., E-mail: mike.schmidt@dreebit.com, Hass, M., Rappaport, M. L., Heber, O., Prygarin, A., Shachar, Y., Vaintraub, S., and Zschornack, G.. Fri . "Efficient charge-breeding of helium-6 in an EBIT for precision measurement of the beta-neutrino correlation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905413.
@article{osti_22390846,
title = {Efficient charge-breeding of helium-6 in an EBIT for precision measurement of the beta-neutrino correlation},
author = {Schmidt, M., E-mail: mike.schmidt@dreebit.com and Hass, M. and Rappaport, M. L. and Heber, O. and Prygarin, A. and Shachar, Y. and Vaintraub, S. and Zschornack, G.},
abstractNote = {The precise determination of the beta-neutrino correlation in the decay of radioactive nuclei is an important tool in the effort to probe fundamental interactions for possible deviation from the Standard Model of particles and fields. In order to realize this, a novel scheme for precision measurement of such correlation in the decay of radioactive helium-6 (half-life 0.8 s) using an electrostatic ion beam trap (EIBT) is being constructed at the Weizmann Institute. Efficient ionization of the expected weak flux of helium-6, together with a bunching characteristic suitable for injection into the EIBT, is thereby essential. Both of these requirements are optimally met by an electron beam ion source/trap (EBIT). In this contribution we present the design of a modified DREEBIT (Dresden EBIT) featuring a direct, nearly closed gas intake into the drift tube assembly for maximum trapping and ionization efficiency for low flux rates, without diminishing the bunching phase space of the EBIT. First tests already indicate significant ion production at a minimal gas flow rate observable by a marginal pressure increase that is close to the detection limit of a Leybold extractor gauge located in close proximity to the drift tube assembly. This is a necessary precondition in order to exploit even tiny amounts of rare isotopes.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4905413},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1640,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jan 09 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Fri Jan 09 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}