# Global fits of the dark matter-nucleon effective interactions

## Abstract

The effective theory of isoscalar dark matter-nucleon interactions mediated by heavy spin-one or spin-zero particles depends on 10 coupling constants besides the dark matter particle mass. Here we compare this 11-dimensional effective theory to current observations in a comprehensive statistical analysis of several direct detection experiments, including the recent LUX, SuperCDMS and CDMSlite results. From a multidimensional scan with about 3 million likelihood evaluations, we extract the marginalized posterior probability density functions (a Bayesian approach) and the profile likelihoods (a frequentist approach), as well as the associated credible regions and confidence levels, for each coupling constant vs dark matter mass and for each pair of coupling constants. We compare the Bayesian and frequentist approach in the light of the currently limited amount of data. We find that current direct detection data contain sufficient information to simultaneously constrain not only the familiar spin-independent and spin-dependent interactions, but also the remaining velocity and momentum dependent couplings predicted by the dark matter-nucleon effective theory. For current experiments associated with a null result, we find strong correlations between some pairs of coupling constants. For experiments that claim a signal (i.e., CoGeNT and DAMA), we find that pairs of coupling constants produce degenerate results.

- Authors:

- Institut für Theoretische Physik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen (Germany)
- Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, 115 South 1400 East #201, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 22375864

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2014; Journal Issue: 09; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CORRELATIONS; COUPLING CONSTANTS; DETECTION; DIRECT CURRENT; INTERACTIONS; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; NUCLEONS; PROBABILITY DENSITY FUNCTIONS; SPIN

### Citation Formats

```
Catena, Riccardo, and Gondolo, Paolo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: paolo.gondolo@utah.edu.
```*Global fits of the dark matter-nucleon effective interactions*. United States: N. p., 2014.
Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2014/09/045.

```
Catena, Riccardo, & Gondolo, Paolo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: paolo.gondolo@utah.edu.
```*Global fits of the dark matter-nucleon effective interactions*. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2014/09/045.

```
Catena, Riccardo, and Gondolo, Paolo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: paolo.gondolo@utah.edu. Mon .
"Global fits of the dark matter-nucleon effective interactions". United States.
doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2014/09/045.
```

```
@article{osti_22375864,
```

title = {Global fits of the dark matter-nucleon effective interactions},

author = {Catena, Riccardo and Gondolo, Paolo, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: paolo.gondolo@utah.edu},

abstractNote = {The effective theory of isoscalar dark matter-nucleon interactions mediated by heavy spin-one or spin-zero particles depends on 10 coupling constants besides the dark matter particle mass. Here we compare this 11-dimensional effective theory to current observations in a comprehensive statistical analysis of several direct detection experiments, including the recent LUX, SuperCDMS and CDMSlite results. From a multidimensional scan with about 3 million likelihood evaluations, we extract the marginalized posterior probability density functions (a Bayesian approach) and the profile likelihoods (a frequentist approach), as well as the associated credible regions and confidence levels, for each coupling constant vs dark matter mass and for each pair of coupling constants. We compare the Bayesian and frequentist approach in the light of the currently limited amount of data. We find that current direct detection data contain sufficient information to simultaneously constrain not only the familiar spin-independent and spin-dependent interactions, but also the remaining velocity and momentum dependent couplings predicted by the dark matter-nucleon effective theory. For current experiments associated with a null result, we find strong correlations between some pairs of coupling constants. For experiments that claim a signal (i.e., CoGeNT and DAMA), we find that pairs of coupling constants produce degenerate results.},

doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2014/09/045},

journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},

number = 09,

volume = 2014,

place = {United States},

year = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},

month = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}

}