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Title: Hidden sector monopole, vector dark matter and dark radiation with Higgs portal

Abstract

We show that the 't Hooft-Polyakov monopole model in the hidden sector with Higgs portal interaction makes a viable dark matter model, where monopole and massive vector dark matter (VDM) are stable due to topological conservation and the unbroken subgroup U(1 {sub X}. We show that, even though observed CMB data requires the dark gauge coupling to be quite small, a right amount of VDM thermal relic can be obtained via s-channel resonant annihilation for the mass of VDM close to or smaller than the half of SM higgs mass, thanks to Higgs portal interaction. Monopole relic density turns out to be several orders of magnitude smaller than the observed dark matter relic density. Direct detection experiments, particularly, the projected XENON1T experiment, may probe the parameter space where the dark Higgs is lighter than ∼< 50 GeV. In addition, the dark photon associated with the unbroken U(1 {sub X} contributes to the radiation energy density at present, giving Δ N{sub eff}{sup ν} ∼ 0.1 as the extra relativistic neutrino species.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. School of Physics, KIAS, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22375788
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2014; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANNIHILATION; COUPLING; DENSITY; DETECTION; ENERGY DENSITY; GEV RANGE 10-100; HIGGS BOSONS; HIGGS MODEL; MASS; NEUTRINOS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PHOTONS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; S CHANNEL; SPACE; TOPOLOGY; VECTORS

Citation Formats

Baek, Seungwon, Ko, P., and Park, Wan-Il, E-mail: sbaek1560@gmail.com, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr, E-mail: wipark@kias.re.kr. Hidden sector monopole, vector dark matter and dark radiation with Higgs portal. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2014/10/067.
Baek, Seungwon, Ko, P., & Park, Wan-Il, E-mail: sbaek1560@gmail.com, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr, E-mail: wipark@kias.re.kr. Hidden sector monopole, vector dark matter and dark radiation with Higgs portal. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2014/10/067.
Baek, Seungwon, Ko, P., and Park, Wan-Il, E-mail: sbaek1560@gmail.com, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr, E-mail: wipark@kias.re.kr. Wed . "Hidden sector monopole, vector dark matter and dark radiation with Higgs portal". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2014/10/067.
@article{osti_22375788,
title = {Hidden sector monopole, vector dark matter and dark radiation with Higgs portal},
author = {Baek, Seungwon and Ko, P. and Park, Wan-Il, E-mail: sbaek1560@gmail.com, E-mail: pko@kias.re.kr, E-mail: wipark@kias.re.kr},
abstractNote = {We show that the 't Hooft-Polyakov monopole model in the hidden sector with Higgs portal interaction makes a viable dark matter model, where monopole and massive vector dark matter (VDM) are stable due to topological conservation and the unbroken subgroup U(1 {sub X}. We show that, even though observed CMB data requires the dark gauge coupling to be quite small, a right amount of VDM thermal relic can be obtained via s-channel resonant annihilation for the mass of VDM close to or smaller than the half of SM higgs mass, thanks to Higgs portal interaction. Monopole relic density turns out to be several orders of magnitude smaller than the observed dark matter relic density. Direct detection experiments, particularly, the projected XENON1T experiment, may probe the parameter space where the dark Higgs is lighter than ∼< 50 GeV. In addition, the dark photon associated with the unbroken U(1 {sub X} contributes to the radiation energy density at present, giving Δ N{sub eff}{sup ν} ∼ 0.1 as the extra relativistic neutrino species.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2014/10/067},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 10,
volume = 2014,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {10}
}