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Title: Sub-photospheric, radiation-mediated shocks in gamma-ray bursts: Multiple shock emission and the band spectrum

Abstract

We compute the time-integrated, thermal emission produced by a series of radiation-mediated shocks that emerge from the photosphere of a gamma-ray burst outflow. We show that for a sufficiently broad distribution of shock strengths, the overall shape of the time-integrated spectral energy distribution below the peak is a power law, νE{sub ν}∝ν{sup α}, with a slope of 1 < α < 2. A substructure in the spectral energy distribution (SED) can also be produced in this model for certain choices of the shock train distribution. In particular, we demonstrate that our model can reproduce the double-peak SED observed in some bursts, in events where a strong shock is followed by a sequence of sufficiently weaker ones.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365664
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 789; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; COSMIC GAMMA BURSTS; DISTRIBUTION; EMISSION; ENERGY SPECTRA; PHOTOSPHERE; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SHOCK WAVES

Citation Formats

Keren, Shai, and Levinson, Amir, E-mail: Levinson@wise.tau.ac.il. Sub-photospheric, radiation-mediated shocks in gamma-ray bursts: Multiple shock emission and the band spectrum. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/789/2/128.
Keren, Shai, & Levinson, Amir, E-mail: Levinson@wise.tau.ac.il. Sub-photospheric, radiation-mediated shocks in gamma-ray bursts: Multiple shock emission and the band spectrum. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/789/2/128.
Keren, Shai, and Levinson, Amir, E-mail: Levinson@wise.tau.ac.il. Thu . "Sub-photospheric, radiation-mediated shocks in gamma-ray bursts: Multiple shock emission and the band spectrum". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/789/2/128.
@article{osti_22365664,
title = {Sub-photospheric, radiation-mediated shocks in gamma-ray bursts: Multiple shock emission and the band spectrum},
author = {Keren, Shai and Levinson, Amir, E-mail: Levinson@wise.tau.ac.il},
abstractNote = {We compute the time-integrated, thermal emission produced by a series of radiation-mediated shocks that emerge from the photosphere of a gamma-ray burst outflow. We show that for a sufficiently broad distribution of shock strengths, the overall shape of the time-integrated spectral energy distribution below the peak is a power law, νE{sub ν}∝ν{sup α}, with a slope of 1 < α < 2. A substructure in the spectral energy distribution (SED) can also be produced in this model for certain choices of the shock train distribution. In particular, we demonstrate that our model can reproduce the double-peak SED observed in some bursts, in events where a strong shock is followed by a sequence of sufficiently weaker ones.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/789/2/128},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 789,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jul 10 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Thu Jul 10 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}