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Title: Mid-infrared-selected quasars. I. Virial black hole mass and eddington ratios

Abstract

We provide a catalog of 391 mid-infrared-selected (MIR; 24 μm) broad-emission-line (BEL; type 1) quasars in the 22 deg{sup 2} SWIRE Lockman Hole field. This quasar sample is selected in the MIR from Spitzer MIPS with S {sub 24} > 400 μJy, jointly with an optical magnitude limit of r (AB) < 22.5 for broad line identification. The catalog is based on MMT and Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spectroscopy to select BEL quasars, extending the SDSS coverage to fainter magnitudes and lower redshifts, and recovers a more complete quasar population. The MIR-selected quasar sample peaks at z ∼ 1.4 and recovers a significant and constant (20%) fraction of extended objects with SDSS photometry across magnitudes, which were not included in the SDSS quasar survey dominated by point sources. This sample also recovers a significant population of z < 3 quasars at i > 19.1. We then investigate the continuum luminosity and line profiles of these MIR quasars, and estimate their virial black hole masses and the Eddington ratios. The supermassive black hole mass shows evidence of downsizing, although the Eddington ratios remain constant at 1 < z < 4. Compared to point sources in the same redshift range, extendedmore » sources at z < 1 show systematically lower Eddington ratios. The catalog and spectra are publicly available online.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris (France)
  3. Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365295
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 791; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BLACK HOLES; CATALOGS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; EMISSION; GALAXIES; INTERMEDIATE INFRARED RADIATION; LUMINOSITY; MASS; PHOTOMETRY; QUASARS; RED SHIFT; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Dai, Y. Sophia, Elvis, Martin, Fazio, Giovanni G., Huang, Jia-Sheng, Wilkes, Belinda J., Bergeron, Jacqueline, Omont, Alain, Willmer, Christopher N. A., and Papovich, Casey, E-mail: ydai@caltech.edu. Mid-infrared-selected quasars. I. Virial black hole mass and eddington ratios. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/113.
Dai, Y. Sophia, Elvis, Martin, Fazio, Giovanni G., Huang, Jia-Sheng, Wilkes, Belinda J., Bergeron, Jacqueline, Omont, Alain, Willmer, Christopher N. A., & Papovich, Casey, E-mail: ydai@caltech.edu. Mid-infrared-selected quasars. I. Virial black hole mass and eddington ratios. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/113.
Dai, Y. Sophia, Elvis, Martin, Fazio, Giovanni G., Huang, Jia-Sheng, Wilkes, Belinda J., Bergeron, Jacqueline, Omont, Alain, Willmer, Christopher N. A., and Papovich, Casey, E-mail: ydai@caltech.edu. Wed . "Mid-infrared-selected quasars. I. Virial black hole mass and eddington ratios". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/113.
@article{osti_22365295,
title = {Mid-infrared-selected quasars. I. Virial black hole mass and eddington ratios},
author = {Dai, Y. Sophia and Elvis, Martin and Fazio, Giovanni G. and Huang, Jia-Sheng and Wilkes, Belinda J. and Bergeron, Jacqueline and Omont, Alain and Willmer, Christopher N. A. and Papovich, Casey, E-mail: ydai@caltech.edu},
abstractNote = {We provide a catalog of 391 mid-infrared-selected (MIR; 24 μm) broad-emission-line (BEL; type 1) quasars in the 22 deg{sup 2} SWIRE Lockman Hole field. This quasar sample is selected in the MIR from Spitzer MIPS with S {sub 24} > 400 μJy, jointly with an optical magnitude limit of r (AB) < 22.5 for broad line identification. The catalog is based on MMT and Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) spectroscopy to select BEL quasars, extending the SDSS coverage to fainter magnitudes and lower redshifts, and recovers a more complete quasar population. The MIR-selected quasar sample peaks at z ∼ 1.4 and recovers a significant and constant (20%) fraction of extended objects with SDSS photometry across magnitudes, which were not included in the SDSS quasar survey dominated by point sources. This sample also recovers a significant population of z < 3 quasars at i > 19.1. We then investigate the continuum luminosity and line profiles of these MIR quasars, and estimate their virial black hole masses and the Eddington ratios. The supermassive black hole mass shows evidence of downsizing, although the Eddington ratios remain constant at 1 < z < 4. Compared to point sources in the same redshift range, extended sources at z < 1 show systematically lower Eddington ratios. The catalog and spectra are publicly available online.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/113},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 791,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Aug 20 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Wed Aug 20 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}