skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: THE DISTRIBUTION OF SATELLITES AROUND CENTRAL GALAXIES IN A COSMOLOGICAL HYDRODYNAMICAL SIMULATION

Abstract

Observations have shown that the spatial distribution of satellite galaxies is not random, but rather is aligned with the major axes of central galaxies (CGs). The strength of the alignment is dependent on the properties of both the satellites and centrals. Theoretical studies using dissipationless N-body simulations are limited by their inability to directly predict the shape of CGs. Using hydrodynamical simulations including gas cooling, star formation, and feedback, we carry out a study of galaxy alignment and its dependence on the galaxy properties predicted directly from the simulations. We found that the observed alignment signal is well produced, as is the color dependence: red satellites and red centrals both show stronger alignments than their blue counterparts. The reason for the stronger alignment of red satellites is that most of them stay in the inner region of the dark matter halo where the shape of the CG better traces the dark matter distribution. The dependence of alignment on the color of CGs arises from the halo mass dependence, since the alignment between the shape of the central stellar component and the inner halo increases with halo mass. We also find that the alignment of satellites is most strongly dependent onmore » their metallicity, suggesting that the metallicity of satellites, rather than color, is a better tracer of galaxy alignment on small scales. This could be tested in future observational studies.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3]
  1. Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Science, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China)
  2. The Partner Group of MPI for Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, 2 West Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008 (China)
  3. Max Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365285
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 791; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALIGNMENT; COLOR; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FEEDBACK; GALAXIES; GAS COOLING; MASS; METALLICITY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RANDOMNESS; SATELLITES; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS

Citation Formats

Dong, X. C., Lin, W. P., Wang, Yang Ocean, Kang, X., Dutton, Aaron A., and Macciò, Andrea V., E-mail: linwp@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: kangxi@pmo.ac.cn. THE DISTRIBUTION OF SATELLITES AROUND CENTRAL GALAXIES IN A COSMOLOGICAL HYDRODYNAMICAL SIMULATION. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/791/2/L33.
Dong, X. C., Lin, W. P., Wang, Yang Ocean, Kang, X., Dutton, Aaron A., & Macciò, Andrea V., E-mail: linwp@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: kangxi@pmo.ac.cn. THE DISTRIBUTION OF SATELLITES AROUND CENTRAL GALAXIES IN A COSMOLOGICAL HYDRODYNAMICAL SIMULATION. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/791/2/L33.
Dong, X. C., Lin, W. P., Wang, Yang Ocean, Kang, X., Dutton, Aaron A., and Macciò, Andrea V., E-mail: linwp@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: kangxi@pmo.ac.cn. Wed . "THE DISTRIBUTION OF SATELLITES AROUND CENTRAL GALAXIES IN A COSMOLOGICAL HYDRODYNAMICAL SIMULATION". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/791/2/L33.
@article{osti_22365285,
title = {THE DISTRIBUTION OF SATELLITES AROUND CENTRAL GALAXIES IN A COSMOLOGICAL HYDRODYNAMICAL SIMULATION},
author = {Dong, X. C. and Lin, W. P. and Wang, Yang Ocean and Kang, X. and Dutton, Aaron A. and Macciò, Andrea V., E-mail: linwp@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: kangxi@pmo.ac.cn},
abstractNote = {Observations have shown that the spatial distribution of satellite galaxies is not random, but rather is aligned with the major axes of central galaxies (CGs). The strength of the alignment is dependent on the properties of both the satellites and centrals. Theoretical studies using dissipationless N-body simulations are limited by their inability to directly predict the shape of CGs. Using hydrodynamical simulations including gas cooling, star formation, and feedback, we carry out a study of galaxy alignment and its dependence on the galaxy properties predicted directly from the simulations. We found that the observed alignment signal is well produced, as is the color dependence: red satellites and red centrals both show stronger alignments than their blue counterparts. The reason for the stronger alignment of red satellites is that most of them stay in the inner region of the dark matter halo where the shape of the CG better traces the dark matter distribution. The dependence of alignment on the color of CGs arises from the halo mass dependence, since the alignment between the shape of the central stellar component and the inner halo increases with halo mass. We also find that the alignment of satellites is most strongly dependent on their metallicity, suggesting that the metallicity of satellites, rather than color, is a better tracer of galaxy alignment on small scales. This could be tested in future observational studies.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/791/2/L33},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 791,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Aug 20 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Wed Aug 20 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}