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Title: Supernova 2010as: the lowest-velocity member of a family of flat-velocity type IIb supernovae

Abstract

We present extensive optical and near-infrared photometric and spectroscopic observations of the stripped-envelope supernova SN 2010as. Spectroscopic peculiarities such as initially weak helium features and low expansion velocities with a nearly flat evolution place this object in the small family of events previously identified as transitional Type Ib/c supernovae (SNe). There is ubiquitous evidence of hydrogen, albeit weak, in this family of SNe, indicating that they are in fact a peculiar kind of Type IIb SNe that we name 'flat-velocity' Type IIb. The flat-velocity evolution—which occurs at different levels between 6000 and 8000 km s{sup –1} for different SNe—suggests the presence of a dense shell in the ejecta. Despite the spectroscopic similarities, these objects show surprisingly diverse luminosities. We discuss the possible physical or geometrical unification picture for such diversity. Using archival Hubble Space Telescope images, we associate SN 2010as with a massive cluster and derive a progenitor age of ≈6 Myr, assuming a single star-formation burst, which is compatible with a Wolf-Rayet progenitor. Our hydrodynamical modeling, on the contrary, indicates that the pre-explosion mass was relatively low, ≈4 M {sub ☉}. The seeming contradiction between a young age and low pre-SN mass may be solved by a massive interactingmore » binary progenitor.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2]; ;  [3];  [4]; ;  [5];  [6]; ; ;  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10]; ; ;  [11] more »; « less
  1. Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan)
  2. Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile)
  3. Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Avda. Republica 252, Santiago (Chile)
  4. European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile)
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)
  6. Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)
  7. Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Observatories, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile)
  8. Center for Mathematical Modelling, Universidad de Chile, Avenida Blanco Encalada 2120 Piso 7, Santiago (Chile)
  9. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
  10. Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States)
  11. Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße 1, D-85740 Garching (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365243
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; EVOLUTION; EXPANSION; EXPLOSIONS; HELIUM; HYDROGEN; IMAGES; LUMINOSITY; MASS; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; TELESCOPES; TYPE II SUPERNOVAE; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Folatelli, Gastón, Bersten, Melina C., Nomoto, Ken'ichi, Kuncarayakti, Hanindyo, Hamuy, Mario, Olivares Estay, Felipe, Pignata, Giuliano, Anderson, Joseph P., Holmbo, Simon, Stritzinger, Maximilian, Maeda, Keiichi, Morrell, Nidia, Contreras, Carlos, Phillips, Mark M., Förster, Francisco, Prieto, José Luis, Valenti, Stefano, Afonso, Paulo, Altenmüller, Konrad, Elliott, Jonny, E-mail: gaston.folatelli@ipmu.jp, and and others. Supernova 2010as: the lowest-velocity member of a family of flat-velocity type IIb supernovae. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/7.
Folatelli, Gastón, Bersten, Melina C., Nomoto, Ken'ichi, Kuncarayakti, Hanindyo, Hamuy, Mario, Olivares Estay, Felipe, Pignata, Giuliano, Anderson, Joseph P., Holmbo, Simon, Stritzinger, Maximilian, Maeda, Keiichi, Morrell, Nidia, Contreras, Carlos, Phillips, Mark M., Förster, Francisco, Prieto, José Luis, Valenti, Stefano, Afonso, Paulo, Altenmüller, Konrad, Elliott, Jonny, E-mail: gaston.folatelli@ipmu.jp, & and others. Supernova 2010as: the lowest-velocity member of a family of flat-velocity type IIb supernovae. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/7.
Folatelli, Gastón, Bersten, Melina C., Nomoto, Ken'ichi, Kuncarayakti, Hanindyo, Hamuy, Mario, Olivares Estay, Felipe, Pignata, Giuliano, Anderson, Joseph P., Holmbo, Simon, Stritzinger, Maximilian, Maeda, Keiichi, Morrell, Nidia, Contreras, Carlos, Phillips, Mark M., Förster, Francisco, Prieto, José Luis, Valenti, Stefano, Afonso, Paulo, Altenmüller, Konrad, Elliott, Jonny, E-mail: gaston.folatelli@ipmu.jp, and and others. Mon . "Supernova 2010as: the lowest-velocity member of a family of flat-velocity type IIb supernovae". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/7.
@article{osti_22365243,
title = {Supernova 2010as: the lowest-velocity member of a family of flat-velocity type IIb supernovae},
author = {Folatelli, Gastón and Bersten, Melina C. and Nomoto, Ken'ichi and Kuncarayakti, Hanindyo and Hamuy, Mario and Olivares Estay, Felipe and Pignata, Giuliano and Anderson, Joseph P. and Holmbo, Simon and Stritzinger, Maximilian and Maeda, Keiichi and Morrell, Nidia and Contreras, Carlos and Phillips, Mark M. and Förster, Francisco and Prieto, José Luis and Valenti, Stefano and Afonso, Paulo and Altenmüller, Konrad and Elliott, Jonny, E-mail: gaston.folatelli@ipmu.jp and and others},
abstractNote = {We present extensive optical and near-infrared photometric and spectroscopic observations of the stripped-envelope supernova SN 2010as. Spectroscopic peculiarities such as initially weak helium features and low expansion velocities with a nearly flat evolution place this object in the small family of events previously identified as transitional Type Ib/c supernovae (SNe). There is ubiquitous evidence of hydrogen, albeit weak, in this family of SNe, indicating that they are in fact a peculiar kind of Type IIb SNe that we name 'flat-velocity' Type IIb. The flat-velocity evolution—which occurs at different levels between 6000 and 8000 km s{sup –1} for different SNe—suggests the presence of a dense shell in the ejecta. Despite the spectroscopic similarities, these objects show surprisingly diverse luminosities. We discuss the possible physical or geometrical unification picture for such diversity. Using archival Hubble Space Telescope images, we associate SN 2010as with a massive cluster and derive a progenitor age of ≈6 Myr, assuming a single star-formation burst, which is compatible with a Wolf-Rayet progenitor. Our hydrodynamical modeling, on the contrary, indicates that the pre-explosion mass was relatively low, ≈4 M {sub ☉}. The seeming contradiction between a young age and low pre-SN mass may be solved by a massive interacting binary progenitor.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/7},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 792,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}